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mandeep singh cfd report

# mandeep singh cfd report

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10/12/2013

pdf

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[P
roject#05:
Lid

Driven

Cavity
]
[MAE]
[542]

[Engineering

Applications

of

Computational

Fluid

Dynamics]

[3
rd
April2011]
By

Mandeep

Singh

Person

#

3721

2672

2

|

P a g e

Contents
1

Introduction

...................................................................................................................................

3

1.1

Streamfunction

......................................................................................................................

3

1.2

Vorticity

..................................................................................................................................

3

2

Problem

definition

/

Problem

statement

......................................................................................

3

3

Method

of

Solution

:

......................................................................................................................

5

4

Discussion

of

results

.......................................................................................................................

7

4.1

Plots

for

vorticity

and

convergence

of

the

solution

for

various

mesh

sizes

..........................

7

4.2

Plots

for

the

Iteration

for

PSOR

iteration

as

a

function

of

time

for

various

relaxation

factor

9

4.3

Contour

plots

for

the

Stream

function

and

Vector

plots

for

the

velocities

for

different

Reynolds

number

.............................................................................................................................

14

5

Summary

and

Conclusion

............................................................................................................

21

6

Appendix

......................................................................................................................................

22

6.1

Matlab

Codes

written

for

solving

the

iterations

..................................................................

22

6.2

Boundary

Condition

Calculations

for

vorticity

.....................................................................

27

6.2.1

Boundary

1

(Left

Hand

Side)

........................................................................................

27

6.2.2

Boundary

2

(Right

Hand

Side)

......................................................................................

28

6.2.3

Boundary

4

(Top

edge)

.................................................................................................

28

6.2.4

Boundary

3

(Bottom

edge)

...........................................................................................

29

7

References

...................................................................................................................................

30

3

|

P a g e

1

Introduction

This

project

deals

with

the

solution

of

vorticity,

stream

function

and

velocity

fields

in

a

laminar

incompressible

flow.

Navier

Stokes

equations

are

used

to

calculate

the

solution

of

equations.

First

we

will

understand

the

terms

vorticity

,

stream

function.

1.1

Streamfunction

The

streamfunction

represents

the

two

dimensional

position

representation

flow

which

can

be

utilized

to

calculate

the

stream

lines

or

the

trajectories

of

the

state

flow.

The

first

derivative

of

the

stream

function

give

the

fluild

parcels’s

velocity

and

second

derivative

gives

the

accelerations.

A

continuous

interconnected

stream

function

gives

the

stereamlines

for

a

given

snapshot

in

time.

Understanding

the

location

of

streamlines

is

critical

in

studying

the

flow

pattern

for

engineering

application.

The

streamfunction

for

a

given

domain

can

be

solved

by

the

streamfunction

equation

for

one

instance

in

time

if

the

initial

position

and

magnitude

of

vorticity

is

known.

1.2

Vorticity

Vorticity

is

a

physical

quantity

in

fluid

dynamics

in

general

for

a

fluid

parcel

gives

a

measure

of

its

localized

rotation.

Numerically

vorticity

is

defined

as

the

divergence

of

the

velocity

field

×

.

If

the

vorticity

is

known

everywhere

in

the

flow

the

stream

function(and

hence

the

velocity

components)

is

determined

by

solving

a

Poisson

equation.

2

Problem
definition
/
Problem
statement

In

this

project

we

are

given

a

lid

driven

square

cavity

in

which

the

fluid

flows

over

the

top

edge

with

a

velocity

(u

=

1)

in

x
direction.

On

rest

of

the

boundaries

u

=

0.

The

lid

driven

cavity

has

the

non
dimensional

length

of

1

x

1.

Also

given

that

the

velocity

component

v

=

0

,

stream

function

0


on

all

boundaries.

The

scheme

of

the

project

is

shown

in

fig.

1.