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mandeep singh cfd report

mandeep singh cfd report

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10/12/2013

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[P
roject#05:
Lid
 
Driven
 
Cavity
]
[MAE]
[542]
 
[Engineering
 
Applications
 
of 
 
Computational
 
Fluid
 
Dynamics]
 
[3
rd
April2011]
By
 
Mandeep
 
Singh
 
Person
 
#
 
3721
 
2672
 
 
2
 
|
 
P a g e
 
Contents
1
 
Introduction
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
3
 
1.1
 
Streamfunction
 
......................................................................................................................
 
3
 
1.2
 
Vorticity
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
3
 
2
 
Problem
 
definition
 
/
 
Problem
 
statement
 
......................................................................................
 
3
 
3
 
Method
 
of 
 
Solution
 
:
 
......................................................................................................................
 
5
 
4
 
Discussion
 
of 
 
results
 
.......................................................................................................................
 
7
 
4.1
 
Plots
 
for
 
vorticity
 
and
 
convergence
 
of 
 
the
 
solution
 
for
 
various
 
mesh
 
sizes
 
..........................
 
7
 
4.2
 
Plots
 
for
 
the
 
Iteration
 
for
 
PSOR
 
iteration
 
as
 
a
 
function
 
of 
 
time
 
for
 
various
 
relaxation
 
factor
 
9
 
4.3
 
Contour
 
plots
 
for
 
the
 
Stream
 
function
 
and
 
Vector
 
plots
 
for
 
the
 
velocities
 
for
 
different
 
Reynolds
 
number
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
14
 
5
 
Summary
 
and
 
Conclusion
 
............................................................................................................
 
21
 
6
 
Appendix
 
......................................................................................................................................
 
22
 
6.1
 
Matlab
 
Codes
 
written
 
for
 
solving
 
the
 
iterations
 
..................................................................
 
22
 
6.2
 
Boundary
 
Condition
 
Calculations
 
for
 
vorticity
 
.....................................................................
 
27
 
6.2.1
 
Boundary
 
1
 
(Left
 
Hand
 
Side)
 
........................................................................................
 
27
 
6.2.2
 
Boundary
 
2
 
(Right
 
Hand
 
Side)
 
......................................................................................
 
28
 
6.2.3
 
Boundary
 
4
 
(Top
 
edge)
 
.................................................................................................
 
28
 
6.2.4
 
Boundary
 
3
 
(Bottom
 
edge)
 
...........................................................................................
 
29
 
7
 
References
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
30
 
 
3
 
|
 
P a g e
 
1
 
Introduction
 
This
 
project
 
deals
 
with
 
the
 
solution
 
of 
 
vorticity,
 
stream
 
function
 
and
 
velocity
 
fields
 
in
 
a
 
laminar
 
incompressible
 
flow.
 
Navier
 
Stokes
 
equations
 
are
 
used
 
to
 
calculate
 
the
 
solution
 
of 
 
equations.
 
First
 
we
 
will
 
understand
 
the
 
terms
 
vorticity
 
,
 
stream
 
function.
 
1.1
 
Streamfunction
 
The
 
streamfunction
 
represents
 
the
 
two
 
dimensional
 
position
 
representation
 
flow
 
which
 
can
 
be
 
utilized
 
to
 
calculate
 
the
 
stream
 
lines
 
or
 
the
 
trajectories
 
of 
 
the
 
steady
 
state
 
flow.
 
The
 
first
 
derivative
 
of 
 
the
 
stream
 
function
 
give
 
the
 
fluild
 
parcels’s
 
velocity
 
and
 
second
 
derivative
 
gives
 
the
 
accelerations.
 
A
 
continuous
 
interconnected
 
stream
 
function
 
gives
 
the
 
stereamlines
 
for
 
a
 
given
 
snapshot
 
in
 
time.
 
Understanding
 
the
 
location
 
of 
 
streamlines
 
is
 
critical
 
in
 
studying
 
the
 
flow
 
pattern
 
for
 
engineering
 
application.
 
The
 
streamfunction
 
for
 
a
 
given
 
domain
 
can
 
be
 
solved
 
by
 
the
 
streamfunction
 
equation
 
for
 
one
 
instance
 
in
 
time
 
if 
 
the
 
initial
 
position
 
and
 
magnitude
 
of 
 
vorticity
 
is
 
known.
 
1.2
 
Vorticity

Vorticity
 
is
 
a
 
physical
 
quantity
 
in
 
fluid
 
dynamics
 
in
 
general
 
for
 
a
 
fluid
 
parcel
 
gives
 
a
 
measure
 
of 
 
its
 
localized
 
rotation.
 
Numerically
 
vorticity
 
is
 
defined
 
as
 
the
 
divergence
 
of 
 
the
 
velocity
 
field
 
×
 
.
 
If 
 
the
 
vorticity
 
is
 
known
 
everywhere
 
in
 
the
 
flow
 
the
 
stream
 
function(and
 
hence
 
the
 
velocity
 
components)
 
is
 
determined
 
by
 
solving
 
a
 
Poisson
 
equation.
 
2
 
Problem
definition
/
Problem
statement 
 
In
 
this
 
project
 
we
 
are
 
given
 
a
 
lid
 
driven
 
square
 
cavity
 
in
 
which
 
the
 
fluid
 
flows
 
over
 
the
 
top
 
edge
 
with
 
a
 
velocity
 
(u
 
=
 
1)
 
in
 
x
direction.
 
On
 
rest
 
of 
 
the
 
boundaries
 
u
 
=
 
0.
 
The
 
lid
 
driven
 
cavity
 
has
 
the
 
non
dimensional
 
length
 
of 
 
1
 
x
 
1.
 
Also
 
given
 
that
 
the
 
velocity
 
component
 
v
 
=
 
0
 
,
 
stream
 
function
 
0
 
 
on
 
all
 
boundaries.
 
The
 
scheme
 
of 
 
the
 
project
 
is
 
shown
 
in
 
fig.
 
1.
 

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