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Today's Newspaper Monday, May 2 2011

Today's Newspaper Monday, May 2 2011

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Published by: tradingpost on May 04, 2011
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Local News Santo News Letters Regional /Inter News Classifed/Real Estate ADS Sports
Former Advisor recallsfrustraltion in NPSO
Page 4
36,000kg of coffeebeans sold to the worldfrom Tanna
Page 2
3rd annual pacicsports awards - callfor nominations
Page 15
Royal wedding in pictures
Page 9
Radio Free Libya takes thesmile o Gaddaf's dial
Page 8Page 5
Constitutionalapplication dismissed
By Jane Joshua
  Vincent Lunabek has dis-missed the urgent cons-stituional application andruled that the speaker o Parliament, Maxime Car-lot Korman’s decision in theunseating o ormer PrimeMinister, Sato Kilman, in the April 24, 2011 motion o noconidence was “valid” and“legally eective”.The ruling quashes any lin-gering doubts and made itclear that the election o thenew Prime Minister RialuthSerge Vohor and the new gov-ernment is legal.Prior to handing down the written judgment on the (ur-ther) amended urgent Con-stitutional application , CJLunabek stressed that theSupreme Court is not “movedor infuenced” by the person-alities o the political partiesinvolved and is aware o theseparation o power in the jurisdictions involved.The CJ said in this case 51members in the 52 memberhouse cast their vote, whichsaw 26 or and 25 againstbecause the Speaker did not vote hence according to Arti-cle 42(2) any majority will bethe ‘absolute majority’ there-ore the court dismissed theurgent constitutional appli-cation and declared the ol-lowing decisions to the reliessought by applicant MP SatoKilman.
•The decision of the Speak 
-er o Parliament (1st respond-ent) and the Republic o  Vanuatu (2nd Respondent) isconstitutional and eective.
To Page 3
Royal wedding
Prince William and Kate Middleton ride in a royal carriage rom Westminster Abbey to Buckingham Palace ater being announced as husband andwie. More than 24m viewers in the UK watched the royal wedding on the BBC and ITV, industry body Barb estimates. The BBC said a peak fgureo 20m - a 70% share - tuned into the corporation's coverage at the end o the service in Westminster Abbey. More than 34 million viewers watchedat least part o the BBC's TV royal wedding coverage, it added. These fgures include live iPlayer viewings. Radio fgures and US TV data will bereleased later.
Photo: AP
3230MONDAY, MAY 2 2011
 Published since 1993
 |Monday May 2, 2011
Courtesy VanuatuMeteo Office Call 22932
General situation:
 A low pressure lies northwest of New Caledonia extends atrough over Vanuatu. A weak ridge extends over Cental Vanuatu.
Today: 06-00Tomorrow: 06-00
Today: 17-29Tomorrow:17-28
HEIGHT (Meters)
HEIGHT (Meters)
Forecast for today:
Cloudy conditions with isolated showers andthunder expected over the group, becomingheavy at times. Light to moderate northeast,east and southeast winds persist throughout.
Yesterday’s record-ed weather variables(8am-8am)
Rainfall (mm)
Max. T
emp (•c)
Min. T
emp (•c)
N/NW winds 10/20 knots. Light tomoderate seas to 1.5 metres overnorthern waters, N/NW winds17/22 knots. Moderate to roughseas to 2.0 metres over central waters, while N/NW winds 20/25knots. Rough seas to 2.5 metresover channel and southern waters.
climate change is one o the big-gest issues aecting Vanuatuand its people today and evenmore so in the uture. For thatreason the Minister o Agricul-ture, Quarantine Fisheries andForests opened a workshop thismorning to review the frst drato Vanuatu’s new National Cli-mate Change Adaptation Strate-gy. Minister Rory’s speech calledor strong call or intersectoralcooperation as over 40 partici-pants gathered at Le Lagon Port Vila or the workshop.This Vanuatu National ClimateChange Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) lays out an approach toidentiy and implement efcientand eective activities to man-aged the existing and anticipatedconsequences o climate changeor the land-based resourcessectors in Vanuatu, namely or-estry, agriculture, water, live-stock, and biodiversity/ naturalecosystems. These sectors play dominant roles in the economy o Vanuatu as well as contribut-ing to livelihoods and the gener-al well-being o people and thecountry as a whole. Important-ly, both experience and evidencereveal there is high sensitivity to weather extremes as well as cli-mate variability and change.SPC-GIZ expert Dr John Hay made the point that the best way to deal with climate change is toaddress current problems. Hesaid, “think about adaptation toclimate as a amily in Vanuatutrying to deal with daily prob-lems. A strong amily can deal well with problems o today and will probably be able todeal with problems that comealong tomorrow. But a weak amily today will not be ableto deal with problems today OR tomorrow. So it is impor-tant to start addressing current weather and disaster issuesin the country. We can say orsure that problems are severenow, and will only get worse inthe uture as climate continuesto change.”One o the most importantparts o the new strategy is a very detailed list o ways thatpeople in Vanuatu can adaptto climate change. The Depart-ments o Agriculture, Forestry,Livestock, Lands and Geology and Mines (Hydrology) havebeen working or months tocome up with very speciicactivities that will help peo-ple deal with climate changeimpacts like cyclones, loods,droughts, pest and disease out-breaks, bush fres and extremetemperatures. In total, thereare now over 500 activitiesidentiied that armers, com-munities, churches, land own-ers, provinces, NGOs, industry,donors and government cando to adapt to climate change.This is a major advance in theregion, where so many peo-ple want to know “what can we do about climate change?”Now we have some answers,and the answers have come notrom outside but rom Vanuatuitsel, rom ni-Vanuatu expertsin villages and in government.SPC-GIZ has conirmed itscontinuing support or thefnalization o the National Cli-mate Change Adaptation Strat-egy through its Coping withClimate Change in the PacifcIsland Region Programme. Inthe next ew months, an expertteam o ni-Vanuatu will trav-el around the islands to makesure that everyone knows howto adapt to climate change and validate the strategy.For more inormation con-tact Mr Brian Phillips, VanuatuDepartment o Meteorology and Geohazards or Dr. Chris-topher Bartlett (VanuatuCli-mateChange@gmail.com) or visit http://www.spc.int/lrd/Cli-mate_Change.htm.
Government preparesnational climate changeadaptation strategy
and events get underway tomark the annual World PressFreedom Day on May 3, Paci-ic media networks are gather-ing in Apia or a regional frst– an inaugural meeting aimedat promoting better ways o  working together. The Paci-ic media ‘Promoting dialogueand media regionalism’ gather-ing, rom 2-4 May 2011, bringstogether network leaders romthe AIBD Paciic Media Part-nership, the Paciic Allianceor Development Journalists,the Paciic Freedom Forum,the Pacifc Islands Media Asso-ciation, the IFJ Paciic MediaHuman Rights and Democra-cy Project, the Paciic WAVEMedia Network, and PasiMA.The meeting is being sup-ported by UNESCO Paciic aspart o World Press FreedomDay with additional und-ing rom the AusAID’s PaciicMedia Assistance Scheme (Pac-MAS) which will be launchingits regional oice in Vanuatuthis July. It will be co-acili-tated by Peter Lewis o theMedia, Entertainment and Arts Alliance in Australia and mediaconsultant Ulaala Aiavao o Samoa. Observers rom organi-sations working in strong partner-ships with the media, includingthe national media organisa-tion or journalists, JAWS, willalso have their say during asession seeking their eedback and input on Paciic mediaregionalism.Opening ormalities beginMonday morning at the Insti-tute o Higher Education Con-erence Room at the NationalUniversity o Samoa and a high-light involving NUS journal-ism students, regional mediadelegates, local media andinterested members o the pub-lic, is a keynote presentationtimed or World Press FreedomDay May 3 by Vanuatu Daily Post publisher Marc Neil Jones.The event will open up a frst-time space or regional medianetworks to introduce their work, dialogue, and talk throughthe potential and challengeso media regionalism. A high-light or network leaders will bethe opportunity to hear direct-ly rom PacMAS on its proposedprogram or the Paciic, andshare insights on progress orPacifc media development.
Pacic media networks head for rstregional dialogue as part of WPFD 2011
TCP representing the majori-ty o coee armers on TannaIsland, are happy to have fn-ished exporting 36,000kgs o coee beans rom the 2010harvest.Countries now buyingTanna Island’s coee pro-duce are USA, New Zealand, Australia, New Caledonia andGermany.With 54 tons o beans har- vested rom Tanna Island last year, this has been the best year since the late 1980s andthe frst year since that timethat coee beans have beenexported in any commercial volume.2010 season generatedthrough TCP INIK approx-imately 25 million vatu o overseas revenue going intothe Tanna economy throughharvest payments and materi-al supplies, technical aid, newplantings and now a directoverseas market and moreimportantly international rec-ognition or the Island’s rap-idly growing coee economy is in excellent shape and reg-ular supply contracts devel-oping.With the Co-op now receiv-ing the revenue and thenusing it to develop morecoee hectares, alongsidenew joint venture develop-ers working with local smallland holders, this also hasstrengthened the trust ele-ment on Tanna to a new level.These new investors are romUSA and Australia and arelooking to not only providea stream o beans or theirown oshore supply line buthelp and work alongside thelandowners and INIK ensur-ing that the uture o both theisland’s people and their econ-omy looks in good shape.
36,000kgs of coffee beans soldto the world from Tanna Island
Vanuatu Director of Environment, Albert Williams addresses Climate Change Strategy ParticipantsMinister of Agriculture Rory speaks to participants on the importance of adapting to climate change in Vanuatu
 |Monday May 2, 2011
By Ricky Binihi
Melanesian Progressive Party President and ounder Barak Sope, deected to the LabourParty last Thursday and was warmly accepted by Party President and Deputy PrimeMinister Joshua Kalsakau.Labour Party President Kal-sakau embraced 45-year-oldWiteu Sope with both handsand declared that Mr Sope isnow his Third Political Advi-sor.It was perhaps the irsttime ever or the young Sopeto hold an important positionin government even thoughMinister Kalsakau said MrSope has made signiicantpolitical contributions to thenation as a “member o theengine room o MPP” whenthe party started in 1988.But the deputy prime min-ister reused to neglect him when there was an opportu-nity in the Ministry o PublicUtilities and appointed him amember o his political sta.The President o LabourParty is the youngest son o the irst Chie Minister inthe New Hebrides, the lateGeorge Kalsakau.
Kalsakau acceptsSope into Labour Party
Paciic Community (SPC)study identifes impedimentsto growth, proposes way or- ward.Taro is one o the ew reshcommodities or which Paci-ic Island countries have beenable to achieve signifcant lev-els o exports, with 10,000 to12,000 tonnes exported annu-ally (valued at approximately USD 6 million).Fiji currently accounts or95% o these exports, withSamoa, Tonga and Vanuatumaking up the rest. How-ever, there has been littleor no growth in export vol-ume in recent years. Why? A new study released by theSecretariat o the Pacifc Com-munity’s Facilitating Agri-cultural Commodity Trade(FACT) project inds that‘quarantine import protocolsand their application are amajor actor determining theability o [Pacifc Island coun-tries] to maintain and expandtaro exports’.The Paciic Island TaroMarket Access Scoping Study  was initiated by the EuropeanUnion-unded project, which works to increase the volume, value and diversity o PacifcIsland agricultural and or-estry exports, in response tothe high rejection rate o taroexported to Australia duringthe frst hal o 2010. A group o agricultural andBiosecurity experts, led by Dr. Andrew McGregor, reviewedthe taro import protocolsor the our major marketsor Pacifc Island taro (Unit-ed States, Japan, Australiaand New Zealand) togeth-er with their justiications,applications and impacts ontaro exports and ound thatexports could be expand-ed considerably i quaran-tine protocol regimes werereormed and there were par-allel and substantial improve-ments in the taro production,export certifcation and mar-keting pathways.‘Pacifc Island taro exportshave the potential to morethan double i the productcan be made more compet-itive in terms o price andquality. However, the Aus-tralian market or reshtaro may no longer be eco-nomically viable or PaciicIsland exporters i the cur-rent quarantine requirementor devitalisation (to pre- vent propagation) remains inplace,’ says the study (whichcan be downloaded at www.spc.int <http://www.spc.int> ). Devitalisation reers totreatment to ensure that theplant, and any pests that itharbours, cannot reproduce.The study also notes that‘increased taro exports wouldresult in signifcant benefts orlarge numbers o low-incomerural people with the Fijian,Samoan, Tongan and Vanuatutaro industries oering thegreatest potential in thePaciic, in terms o exports.’The major indings withrespect to the Austral-ian taro market access are:The current import protocolrequiring devitalisation madethe export o resh taro to Australia a high risk business,caused Fiji taro to becomenon-competitive on the Aus-tralian market and greatly limited market expansion.No scientiic basis wasound to justiy the currenttaro devitalisation regulation.The United States (includingHawaii) and Japan have sig-nifcantly larger domestic taroindustries than Australia anddo not require devitalisationor taro imports. The WorldTrade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Applica-tion o Sanitary and Phytosan-itary Measures (SPS) includesprinciples o consistency andequivalence in Phytosanitary measures and their applica-tion that are seen as relevantin this respect.Fiji, Tonga and Vanuatuhave a well documentedavourable taro disease sta-tus based on the absence o  viral and ungal diseases o quarantine concern. Austral-ia, compared with the PacifcIsland countries, has a signi-icantly less well documenteddisease status or taro. A good case can be madeor these three countries tobe considered a pest ree/lowprevalence area under inter-national SPS standards.There is evidence thatdevitalisation is a majorunderlying actor in the highincidence o corm rot recent-ly experienced in Fiji taroexported to Australia.The current devitalisa-tion procedures are o ques-tionable eicacy in termso preventing propagationand the spread o disease.The major fndings o the study  with respect to the New Zea-land taro market access are:The high rate o umiga-tion required or importedtaro due to the interceptiono nematodes is not justifedbecause the majority o nem-atodes ound on Pacifc Islandtaro pose no threat to NewZealand agriculture.Consequently, these com-monly intercepted nematodesassociated with Fiji taro needto be identifed and their risk assessed. I they are oundto be o low or no risk, they should be reclassifed as non-regulated pests, eliminat-ing the need or umigation.I this step were taken, thequarantine status o thesenematodes would in essencereturn to the original pre-2005 status, under whichthey were accepted as spe-cies o no quarantine concernrequiring no action.Reorm o quarantineimport protocols is a nec-essary requirement orexpanding Pacifc Island taroexports.However, major expan-sion in exports also requiressubstantial improvement inproduction, post-harvest han-dling practices and export cer-tifcation systems.This not only applies to theexported product but also tothe containers in which they are shipped (i.e. to manage‘hitch-hiker’ pests o con-cern using best practice con-tainer hygiene measures).The FACT project is current-ly assisting its Fiji-basedprivate enterprise part-ners, such as Balthan (West-ern) Ltd and Kaiming AgroProcessing – both export-ers o taro, with post-har- vest improvements and oodsaety certifcation.The taro quarantineimport protocol reorms rec-ommended by the study are:Repeal o the devitali-sation protocol require-ments or Paciic Islandtaro exports to Australia(with the exception o thosecountries in which taro viruses o quarantine con-cern have been recorded).Repeal o the ban in Aus-tralia on the importationo small corm taro rom thePacifc Islands (which is aimedat preventing this materialbeing propagated).Reclassiication o com-monly intercepted nematodesassociated with Pacifc Islandtaro as non-regulated peststhat do not require umiga-tion.Taro research priorities toimprove market access, asidentiied by the study, aredivided into two broad cate-gories: reorming taro quar-antine import protocols, andimproving taro productionand marketing pathways.Going orward, a numbero projects unded by Austral-ia are expected to build on work to date in this area.The Paciic Horticultur-al and Agricultural Market Access program (unded by the Australian Agency orInternational Development), which commenced earlier this year, is expected to provide asubstantial pool o resourc-es to und applied researchactivities that acilitate mar-ket access or priority com-modities.The study recommendsthat taro should be onesuch priority commodity. A number o projects und-ed by the Australian Centreor International Agricultur-al Research are expected toundertake research activi-ties relating to taro quality improvement.
What’s holding PacicIsland taro exports back?
Labour President Joshua Kalsakau welcomes Witeu Sope at the Ministry of Public Utilities
Let us celebrate
Promedical Boss Glee Butson with champagne and fower in hand has every reasonto join celebrant Judy Willie with her Diploma o Promedical Science and sta memberGillebert Tavoa with cake as they are about to celebrate to mark her achievement. Seearticle inside.
From Front Page
•The ruling of the Speak 
-er dated April 24 in removingMP Kilman as Prime Minister is valid and o legal eect.
•Confirmed that the ruling
and decisions o the 1st and 2ndrespondents dated the abovedate to vote out MP Kilman willremain; and that
•There is no need for Parlia
-ment to make an order or ‘sta-tus quo’ and no need or it todefne ‘absolute majority’.The Chie Justice reerred toTari vs Natapei (2009) in theCourt o Appeal, saying, “theRepublic o Vanuatu is a consti-tutional democracy, the constitu-tion is the oundation documentand the supreme law”.The challenge in the urgentconstitutional application putorward by the applicant was‘unseating’ and the questiono ‘absolute majority’. The CJpointed out that what is donein Parliament can be arguedin court as the Constitution issupreme.In the Standing Orders o Par-liament the rules are supremeand must be adhered to by theMPs, i any rights are inringedin Parliament appeal can bemade to the Supreme Court.CJ Lunabek said the relie sought on ‘absolute majoFrity’is misconceived.
Constitutional application dismissed

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