Police chiefs continually worry aboutabuse of authority: brutality; misuse offorce, especially deadly force; over-enforcement of the law; bribery;manufacture of evidence in the name ofefficiency or success; failure to applythe law because of personal interests;and discrimination against particularindividuals or groups.
OWNING A COP CAR
Digitalmunition presents: Ambiguity:
When information weneed is confusingor unclear, we mustclarify or fill inthe missing piecesbefore proceeding.
SITUATIONAL AWARENESS IS A KEY CONCEPT IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE...
Complete, accurate, and up-to-the-minute situational awareness is essential for emergency responders and others who are responsiblefor controlling complex, dynamic systems and high-risk situations. Inadequate or completely absent situational awareness is cited asone of the primary factors in accidents attributed to human error.
In an effort to increase both situationalawareness and accountability in the ﬁeld manylaw enforcement agencies have moved tocamera and DVR based technology to assist inthe digital archiving of visual and audibleevidence.Some agencies have found the collectionof such evidence so useful they are makingattempts to not only collect data on the perps,but on the ofﬁcers as well. The recordings canthen be used not only to identify ofﬁcers thatmay need additional training, but also tohighlight ofﬁcers that are doing good work. All inall the cameras help protect the interests of bothcommon citizens and the ofﬁcers sworn toprotect them.Situations in which either a vehicle or itsoccupants need to be monitored for potentialrisk are prime candidates for a DVR basedsolution. Both law enforcement and publictransit ﬁt this proﬁle for obvious reasons, whileschool buses and taxi cabs are also primecandidates for this technology. Installationsophistication can vary where in some cases acentral monitoring package may be employed totrack multiple camera or vehicle instances.Documentation of unsafe drivers or unsafepassengers is obviously one aspect of why anin-vehicle DVR and camera system would beuseful. DVR Data can clearly be collected in alaw enforcement context as well. When usingaudio and video data for law enforcementpurposes the data disposition must follow amore robust documentation process such asChain of Custody.One of the goals of this paper is tohighlight how poor IT design choices canultimately lead to a break in CoC with regard tohow evidence is collected and subsequentlystored. Along side this topic this paper seeks toemphasize the importance in maintainingconﬁdential data in a compartmentalized andfully vetted environment.When making future IT design choicesplease take into consideration the lessonslearned during the penetration test below.