The food processing industry in India has recorded impressive growth in recentyears.India being basicaUy
agrarian economy, thescope
substantiallyhigh. Besides outlining the problems faced by thissector,this article
suggestsmeasures forsolvingthe problems.
Inthe last fifteen years or so the corporate sector has entered intofood processing and organized retailing, through multiple branchesgeographically wide-spread,ina big
capitalinvestmenthas been allocated and professional manpowerbuilt up and strategicallydeployedin the sunriseindustry thus
adding tothegrowth and employment potential
the economy.Foodprocessing sectorbasicallyrelates to the conversion
raw agriculturalproduce into finished, value added,varietyfoodproductswith improved anddesirable qualityattributes.
India being mainly
population living in the rural areas and dependent on agriculturefortheir livelihood,the food processingindustryinIndiahas
aresubstantially high. A strong and dynamic foodprocessingsector
provideeconomic viability to agriculture, generate synergy
industry creating forward and
backward linkages andnotonly helpbridge therural-urban
also helpthe country achieveinclusivegrowth.
potential for bringing prosperity
improvingrural livelihood opportunities
increasing employment, improving
fanning methods and
practices and has an impact
social upbringing and prosperity.
sector creates large opportunitiesfor employment -bothdirect and indirect.
has been estimated that every one crore
rupees invested in food processing sectorleads to
directand64 indirect jobsinthe organized sector.
has already helpedcreate 47lakh incrementaljobsin the last four years.TheMinistry
FoodProcessing Industries(MoFPI), set
in 1988,hasbeen endeavoring to help create jobs and set a target
creating1 crore jobs at a total
Rs. 1lakh croreinvestment.Further, the issues
seasonality, food safety and food quality and their linkages withpoverty as defined in theMillennium DevelopmentGoalsis
becomingmorechallenging as demand for food increasesin
national and international markets.
increasing domestic andinternationaldemand for processed,readyto use,andpackaged
fooditems is boundtoraise the prices
thissector would also increase export earnings,reduce wastage, ensure value addition to the agriculture produce,promote crop diversification, andthroughall thislead
robustgrowth and diversification
toitsdiverseagro-climatic conditions,India hasa widerangingand large
raw materialbasesuitable for food processing industries.With
cultivating a variety
crops. Horticulture,including fruits, vegetables, spices, medicines, and aromaticplantshas emerged as a core sector in the Indian agriculture.Inducing diversificationand commercialization
agriculture,this'Sunrise industry' or'Evergreenrevolution', as
hasbeendifferently called, can help India become a leading food supplierto the world.Presently,only a small percentage
theavailableresourcesare processed into value added production.However,
with technological know-how right fromharvesting,handlingandtransport toprocessing,packaging, storage anddistribution
becoming increasingly available and popular, this sectorhasthepotential to grow by leaps andbounds.
The Food Processing Industry hasseveral segments each
contribution to GDP, socio-economicdiversityand exportearnings.
the foodprocessingindustryare fruitandvegetableprocessingwhich includes ready to
serve beverages, fruit juices and pulps, dehydrated and frozenfruits
and vegetable products, tomato products, pickles,
convenience veg-spice pastes,processedmushroomsand curried
demand for these packaged foodsisgoing