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Siruri Cauchy Fundamentale, demonstrati ca sirul este convergent

Siruri Cauchy Fundamentale, demonstrati ca sirul este convergent

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Published by rambo_style19
criteriul lui Cauchy pentru convergenta sirurilor
criteriul lui Cauchy pentru convergenta sirurilor

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Published by: rambo_style19 on May 04, 2011
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04/17/2014

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SIRURI FUNDAMENTALE( SIRURI COUCHY )
Definitia 1:Definitia 2:Definitia 3:Observtie!Cele trei definitii date sunt echivalente:Criteriul lui Couchy:Un sir de numere reale este convergent daca si numai daca este sir Couchy.Problem propuse spre rezolvare:I. Utilizand criteriul lui Couchy sa se arate ca urmatoarele siruri sunt convergente:Rezolvare:referat.clopotel.ro
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
.,,incatastfel,0 dacaCouchy)sir (saulfundamentaestesir uncaSpunem 
ε  ε  ε  ε  
mnaa N  N  a
mnn
<=>
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
.si,incatastfel,0 dacaCouchy)sir (saulfundamentaestesir uncaSpunem 
+
<=>
 p N naa N  N  a
n pnn
ε  ε  ε  ε  
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
.,incatastfel,0  dacaCouchy)sir (saulfundamentaestesir uncaSpunem 
ε  ε  ε  ε  
naa N  N  a
 N nn
<=>
Definitia32Definitia1Defintia
( ) ( )
convergentestelfundamentasir 
nn
aa
2512 1)
++=
nna
n
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
+
<=>
 p N naa N  N 
n pn
 si,incatastfel,0 caDemonstram
ε  ε  ε  ε  
( )( )( )( ) ( )( )( )( )( )( )( )( )
25525 25525 25910102491010 25525
 
2551212225 25122512
22
+++==+++++++ ==+++++++++ ==++++++=
+
 pnn p pnn pnnpn pnnpn  pnn pnn pnn nn pn pnaa
n pn
( )( )
ε  ε  
<+++<
+
25525  
 pnn paa
n pn
( )( )( )( )
255125525lim25525 lim:obtinemndarbirar.Cinumar uneste
+=      +++=+++
n p pnn p p pnn p p p
 p p
( )( )
+=+
ε ε ε ε ε ε 
251011lua putemdeci,  251012551
 N nn
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
 p N naa N 
n pn
< +=>
+
 si,incatastfel 251011,0
ε  ε  ε  ε  ε  
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
 p N nbb N  N 
n pn
<=>
+
 si,incatastfel,0 caDemonstram
ε  ε  ε  ε  
 
nn
b
212121211 )2
32
+++++=
 
II.Aratati ca urmatorul sir de numere reale nu este fundamental:referat.clopotel.ro
( )
+=> <<<     =     =     +++<      +++=+++= =+++++++=
++++++ +++
ε   ε   ε   ε   ε   
1log1Deci1log212121211212112112121212121212121121212121212121121212121211
2221121 212
 N nbbbbbb
nn  pnnn  pnn  pn  pn  pn  pn  pnnn n  pnnn n  pn
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
 p N nbb N 
n pn
< +=>
+
 si,incatastfel 1log1,0
2
ε  ε  ε  ε  ε  
( )
+=<     +++= == =
+++=++=++==+=+=
ε  ε  
1log1obtinese anterior exercitiullaaratatamcumdupa 212121121212sin2sin2sin2sin2sin )3
21111212121212
 N  ccc
n pn pnn pnn pnnn pnn pnnn
( )( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
+= +<+<+<+++==+=+<++=++=+=
++++=++=++=++==+=+=
ε  ε  ε  ε  ε  
1111 11111111)111(111!cos1!cos1!cos1!cos1!cos )4
1111111
 N nnn pnn
n pnn pn pnn pnn pnn pnnn pnn pnnn

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