Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
13748878 Solutons Gaonkar Microprocessor

13748878 Solutons Gaonkar Microprocessor

Ratings: (0)|Views: 91 |Likes:
Published by arfat_ahmad_khan

More info:

Published by: arfat_ahmad_khan on May 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/21/2012

pdf

text

original

 
3.
4.
5,6.
7.
8.
PART
iE~
SOLUTIONSCHAP'TER11.
Corrrpocrenrsofaoornpwcer:.ALUandControl
'Uniit(CPU),
lvlexnory,
Lnput,
and
Output...
2.
Functions·ovarious
cOn:Lponents:'
.CPU:It
processes
and
stores
binary
da:ta.,ttans.fer:s.
datafroznand
tom.e:moT)"
andI/Odevices.and
providestinting
to
allthe
operaltions.
It
include'SALD.
register
.atTays.
and
control
unit.
The~.o\.LU
pe:dbnns
tlae
aritituneticand
logic
ope.:ra,tions.and!the
'CODitro]
!.Wit
provides
tirniing.
..Input-
pro"ridles
binarydata.
asaninputt.otheCPU.
.Output·_acceptsbinarydatafromtheCPU.
Anllcroproces.sor
.:funcll:'i.ons
as
the'
CPU
oramic£OCol:nputer
a:
and.ID.cllldesthe
ALU.
regis;1!er
arrays.andthecontro'~
uni
11
on
onechip".
it
is
Dl.anllifacnned
using
rb.e
LSItechriojo
gy.
On
the
other
hand.
theCPUisdesjgned
v.itbvarious
discreteboards.
Functionally.
botharesiiIIlil:ar;
ho"vever.technologyaodpTOcesses:nsedfordeslg:ni.ngisdifferent.
A
micro.proca:::ssor
is
ORe
cOD1ponent
ofa
microcotnp,uter.
andthe
ll1L.IcrOCOlUput.er
is
aco.m.p].etecoznptrterconsists,ofan:licropro"Cessor.
·D1ernory.
input.
and
output.See
S1llIllIlary:
Scale
of'Integration.
Fourbytes.
'The
machinelanguageof"tne8085.arethecorrmaamda
to·
the
nric.roprocessor
given
in
binaJry.
Thesearethe
h~nary'
mst:Iuctio.ns
theprocessorcanuncterstand,and
executte.
The
assemblylanguage
cornpriseoflDllemonics
(groupo£Ietters
to
representconunands)
assigned
by
the
JnaD.tlfaciI:tJreror1Iheconvenience'of'theusers.9.10,1L
See.
SUJmD.ary:
CornputerLanguages12.Theassemblylanguagemnernonrcsrepresent~n.structionstothe
microprocessor;
therefh.,e"
.,..,.hen.
hey
are
translatedinto
.m.achin.eI3iJOl.g;uage.
their,eiso.n.e~1tQ-oneeorresponctenceberweerr
thenD1enl,o,wcsandfuefilachlne
,code.
The
.asselDhllCy
languageprogratns
are
COITlpactt,
requirelessmemoryspace,and
ate'
efficient.The
high
levellanguagesare
W"ritten
in
EngJish-
like
state.rne;l1'ts.
and!'Whenthese
statemtentsare·
translated
in.
machine
[anguage.
the
IObj
ectcodetendsto
D·e:
large.and
:Jr.equire.s:
l~gerner:nory.Theexecutionofthep:rogmr.o.svorritten
in
highlevel
languages
is
lesseffic.lent
than
thatofasserrtbTI:Ianguage
programs.
 
13,14.See
Summary:
Computer
Languages
15.ASCIIcodesinHex:A
=
41,.
Z=SA,
.and
m
=
6D
CHAPTER2
].MemoryRead.MemoryWrite,
!l0
Read,
and
VO
Write.
2.Abusisgroupof'Iines(wiresorconductors)whicbcarrydigztal
infOlllllation.
3.Thefunctionoftheaddressbusistocarryahinaryaddressofamemorylocationoran110
device.Theaddresabusis
unidirectional.
andtheinformationflows
from
theMFU
to
peripheralsaadmemory.4.Amicroprocessorwith14
addreeslmes
iscapableof
addressing
1.6K(2)memorylocations..
s.
21
addresslines.6.
Data.
bytesaretraersferred
in
·bothdUectionsbetweenthelVlPUandrnemory/peripherals.7.lOR(I/ORead),lOW
(lifO
W
ri
te),
ME1vlR
(Memory!Read),andMEMW(MemoryWrite).8.
hi.
me:morywriteoperation,the
control
signal
required
is
!dEMW,andthedifectionofthedataflow
.i;s
fromthe
NfPU
to,
memory.9.Theaceumudator-isan8-bitregssterW1d
it
isapartof'theALU.~18-bitarithmeticandlogicoperationsareperformed
in
relationto
theaccumularor
conrent,andthe-resultisstoredinthe
aecumulasor
(with
afewexceptions}.
w.
AflagistheoutputofagivenBip-flop
to
ind.:i.C!a1·e
certaindataconditions.
11,Theprogramcounterand.thestack
pointer
storememoryaddresses'of16
bits.
12..
Theprograen
counter
alwayspointstothenextmemorylocation;therefore,theconsentofthepregraen
counter
will
be2058H.
13..128
-registersarui128X4
=
5lJ.2memory
cells.
14.1024bits
arecan
he
stored
by
thischip;however,itcannotbespecifiedasa12,8~bytememory
chip
becausethebyteindieases8-bit'memoryregisters;thischiph\1S4-bitregisters.
 
I5.8-hit
worn
size.
16.8
chips-,
17.4
chips.18.32chrps,
19.
The
\VR
signal
enables.
theinputibWferofamemorychipso'thatinformationcan'bestored(written)
in
theselectedmemoryregister.
20..11
addressJines.21.16pagesandthelastIocatronis2.FFFH.22.ThestartingaddressisFSOOH
:
andthememorymapis
FSOOH
to
FBFFH.
23.The
starting
addressis:EOOOH.
24.TheaddressrangesfromFFOOHtoFFFFH.
2:5.Theaddressoftheselectedregister:100000000100OlI1
=
8047H26.Thememorymaprangesfrom2000Rto23FFH.27.Theaddressoftheselected.register:00
W
00001111'1000
=
20FSH28.8addresslinesarerequiredforaperipheral
IJOport,.
and16addresslinesarerequiredfora
memory-mapped,I/O
port,
29..Tri-statedevices.
am-e
logicdeviceswiththreestates;thethirdSlateis.highimpedance.
]n,
abus-orientedsystem,devicesareconnected
in
par.alleJ.and!
the
buseserecapable.ofWiving
ODe
TTLlogicdevice.TheMPUcommunicateswithoneperipheralat.atime,andotherperipheralsarepfaced
in
highimpedance
to
avoidbusloading.
31.FromBtoA.
32.None,Thedecoder
is
notenabled;alloutputlines....
ill
hehigh.
33.Theline6(O~)
34.
00
01(Complementof110)

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->