passed these monies back to the Cercle Social to print
via something Roland created called the
Bureau of Public Spirit.
Roland’s propaganda efforts with Bonnevillewent beyond merely
“The Cercle Social was themajor recipient from the Bureau of Public Spirit.”
Withthese funds, numerous Cercle Social publications were dis-tributed nationwide to spread Brissotin ideology.As a result, from March 1792 to early 1793, the Cer-cle Social of Bonneville served as the
propa-ganda arm of the French state.
This gave Bonneville great prestige and status. In this period, the Cercle Social created,with government funding, a daily newspaper; a monthly mag-azine; a separate journal for peasants and another for city-dwellers; and it published 193 books.
But among all of them,
was the essential manifesto to spread Bonneville’sviewpoints.Thus,
is not your average book. It holds animportant place in history. It clearly identifies what was theagenda of the Brissotins. Moreover, it was the founding man-ifesto for what became the modern world revolution.In recognition of this book’s importance, we here pro-vide the English translation of
most significant pas-sages.Our intent is to offer in English a glimpse backward atBonneville. This way we can fully appreciate his impact onour modern world. In unfolding
, we are unwrappingthe first manifesto of the modern world revolution. We also
4.Anne Kupiec, “La Gironde et le Bureau d’esprit public: livre et révolu-tion,”
Annales historiques de la Révolution française
(1995) Volume302 Issue 3 at 577 (among the titles it published in 1792 was
L’Esprit des Religions
); 582 (“the Cercle Social was the major recipient fromthe Bureau of Public Spirit”).5.During this period, the Cercle Social through funding from the Bureaudistributed thousands of pamphlets and books by Brissot, Paine, Con-dorcet, Lathenas, Bancal — all members of the Cercle Social.
, at573 (Roland started March 1792), 574 (authors).6.James H. Billington,
Fire in the minds of men
(1999) at 535-36 fn. 236.