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pest rough D

pest rough D

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Published by ABID H

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Published by: ABID H on Sep 03, 2008
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06/15/2009

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Pest and diseases of carnationPests1. Red spider mitesSymptoms : These have the ability to produce fine silk webbing spider mites arevery tiny and very small and are difficult to identify. They suck sap from the leaveswhich results in tiny yellow (or) white speckles. Once the foliage of a plant becomesbronze it often drops prematurely. Heavily infested plant may be discolouredstunted.Favourable conditionHigh temperature and low relative humidity (not weather, above 4
o
C)More populated crop (dense crop)Control measuresApply thiovat (wettable sulphur) @ 2.0 gm/lit of H
2
O (or) Metasystox (Oxy-demeton-methyl) @ 1.0 ml/lit of H
2
O (or) vertimec (Abamectin) @ 0.4 ml/lit of H
2
O.Aphids These are the sucking insects. Feeding usually occurs in buds and undersidesof leaves. Feeding on young leaves results in distorted leaves as they continue togrow. Older leaves may display patches of chlorolic spots. Nymphs and adults suckthe sap from the leaves, stems and flower buds in colonies. Aphids excretehoneydew, which results in development of black fungus on plants.Favourable conditionCloudy weather favours rapid build up of aphids populationLow temperature favours development of young aphidsControl:Apply asatap (Acephate) @ 0.5-1.0 gm/lit of H
2
O. ThripsBoth the nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves and flower. Theyexcrete brown droplets, which after awards turn black. Leaves may fade and shrivelin case of heavy infestation and foliage becomes silvery.Favourable conditionMainly temperature affects the thrips populationControl
 
Spray asatap (Acephate) @ 1.0 gm/1 lit of water (or) Decis (Deltamethrin) @0.5 ml/lit of H
2
O (or) Exodust @ 1.0 g/lit of H
2
O.4. Caterpillars:Caterpillars feed on the leaves. Sometimes they may bore into the buds.Plant growth is affected adversely.Favourable condition:Warmer climate in polyhouseFluctuation of relative humidity in the polyhouseFluctuation of temperature in the polyhouseControlSpray monocrotophos (Monocil) @ 1.0 ml/lit of H
2
O (or) polytrin (Cypermethrin) @0.5 ml/lit of H
2
O.NematodesRoots knot nematode is a serious pest. Infected plants usually appear stuntedand tend to wilt on warmer days. When such plants are dug, the root galls aregenerally conspicuous and easily identified.Control Apply Thimet (Phorate) @ 6.0 gm/sq.mt/Basamid (Dasomet) @ 6.0gm/sq.mt.DiseasesPowdery mildewOn the top of the leaves white powdery fungal growth develops consisting of hyphal threads and spore carriers. The fungus is also observed on the underside of leaves. Malformation of young leaves takes place due to infection of powderymildew. Brown spots develop on full grown leaves.Control :Apply Roko (Thiophinate methyl) @ 2.0 gm/lit of H
2
O / Bayer (Biternol) @ 2.0gm/lit of H
2
O.2. Black spot (
 Alternaria dianthi
) The disease is characterized by appearance of round purplish spots on theleaves, enlarging slowly with brownish black centre having sporulation. The leaf tissues surrounding this spot turn yellow. Severe infection leads to premature deathof the leaves.Control

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