Rose occupied an unique position almost in all civilization the world has met sofar. It symbolises, according to Roman mythology, Venus the god of love andpeace. Rose was the medium of conveying the eternal love and appreciating thebeauty in the classic masterpiece such as
. Rose wasthe favourite flower of many Mughal Badshah like Shahjahan. Its popularity,because of its fragrance and enchanting colours, remains unabated. It is themost cherished flower all over the world - hence, its commercial value apart fromits beauty, remains eternal. Therefore, global popularity of rose throws out a verypotential entrepreneurial opportunity in a sustainable way.STEP-WISE CULTIVATION TECHNIQUE .1. SOIL QUALITY: Sandy-loam, red-loam, silty-loam soil will be best suited for rose cultivation. .2. SOIL pH: 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal for rose, because useful soil bacteria that fix theatmospheric nitrogen and solubilises phosphate present in the soil grow wellaround this range of pH. If the pH falls below 5.5 than it can be amended byapplying lime powder @ 100 kg per acre.3. SALINITY: Rose dislikes saline soil as sodium carbonate which is present inthe saline soil is harmful to the plants. Necessary soil amendment is requiredprior to plantation. Generally, soil salinity increases due to poor drainage,particularly in coastal areas and in heavy clay soil areas. Therefore, suitablemethods for sub-soil drainage of water along with neutralisation of sodiumcarbonate are to be adopted. The soil amendment procedure is given below.
Application of Gypsum:
Gypsum or sulphur may be used effectively soilamendment agent to correct the soil salinity. Calcium of gypsum reacts, in soil,with sodium carbonate and calcium is precipitated g$ calcium carbonate. Harmfulsodium carbonate is converted to soluble sodium sulphale which is leached outwith water. Application of Sulphur: Similarly, sulphur is oxidized, in soil, tosulphuric..acid which reacts with sodium carbonate to form soluble sodiumsulphate.4. CLIMATE: Climatic factors controls the growth of rose plants. Rose usuallydislikes humid climate, but can tolerate high temperature. Further, rose does notbloom in a temperature below 10° Celsius. Rose plant should receive 8 hoursexposure to sun rays. Shady area is not at all suitable for rosary.5. LAND: Up land having proper drainage of excess of sub-soil water. Anyrobbing roots of plants like coconut or some big trees near the rose field willretard the growth of rose plants as these robbing roots suck the nutrients fromthe nearby lands.6. TYPES OF CULTIVARS NEEDED FOR COMMERCIAL ROSARY: