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zorocomplete

zorocomplete

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Published by: Tlo Laimen on May 04, 2011
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Introduction to Zoroastrianism
byProds Oktor Skjærvø
 
For use in Early Iranian Civilizations 102 (Divinity School no. 3663a).Old Iranian Religion, ZoroastrianismPlease do not cite without permission
©
Prods Oktor Skjærvø 2005
 
P. O. Skjærvø: EIrCiv 102a, Spring 2006 iii February 7, 2006
T
ABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Basic bibliography.......................................................................................................................................................vi
 
Some useful literature..........................................................................................................................................vi
 
Basic works of reference.....................................................................................................................................vi
 
History of the Iranians.........................................................................................................................................vi
 
History of Zoroastrian studies.............................................................................................................................vi
 
Comprehensive/general surveys.........................................................................................................................vii
 
Zarathustra............................................................................................................................................................vii
 
Achaemenid religion...........................................................................................................................................viii
 
Special topics.......................................................................................................................................................viii
 
Practices................................................................................................................................................................viii
 
Modern Zoroastrians...........................................................................................................................................ix
 
Comparative religion/mythology........................................................................................................................ix
 
Old Indic texts......................................................................................................................................................ix
 
Old Iranian texts...................................................................................................................................................ix
 
Avestan texts........................................................................................................................................................ix
 
Old Persian inscriptions.......................................................................................................................................ix
 
Classical texts.......................................................................................................................................................x
 
Middle Persian literature.....................................................................................................................................x
 
Sasanian inscriptions...........................................................................................................................................x
 
Pahlavi texts........................................................................................................................................................x
 
Persian and other late texts.................................................................................................................................x
 
On line translations..............................................................................................................................................x
 
Note on pronunciation.............................................................................................................................................xi
 
Zoroastrianism. A brief oveview.................................................................................................................................1
 
1. The Indo- Iranians....................................................................................................................................................3
 
1.2. The Indo-Aryans...............................................................................................................................................3
 
1.3. The Iranians......................................................................................................................................................3
 
1.3.1. Geographical names in the Avesta...........................................................................................................4
 
1.3.2. The evidence of the Achaemenid inscriptions.........................................................................................4
 
1.3.3. Persians and Medes...................................................................................................................................5
 
2. Iranian languages and peoples................................................................................................................................5
 
2.1. Avestan..............................................................................................................................................................5
 
2.2. Median and Scythian........................................................................................................................................6
 
2.3. Old Persian........................................................................................................................................................6
 
2.4. Middle Iranian Languages...............................................................................................................................6
 
2.5. Middle Persian, Pahlavi...................................................................................................................................7
 
3. Source texts..............................................................................................................................................................7
 
3.1. The Avesta........................................................................................................................................................7
 
3.1.1. Contents of the Avesta..............................................................................................................................8
 
3.2. Non-Avestan texts............................................................................................................................................9
 
3.2.1 The Achaemenid period.............................................................................................................................9
 
3.2.2. The Seleucid and Arsacid/Parthian periods.............................................................................................9
 
3.2.3. The Sasanian period: inscriptions............................................................................................................9
 
3.3. The Pahlavi texts..............................................................................................................................................10
 
3.4. The Manichean literature.................................................................................................................................10
 
4. Origins of Iranian Religion.....................................................................................................................................10
 
The Indo-Europeans: their language and religion..................................................................................................10
 
The Indians and their religion.................................................................................................................................11
 
5. Fundamental concepts of Zoroastrianism...............................................................................................................12
 
5.1. The poet-sacrificer’s thought...........................................................................................................................12
 
The
manyu
“inspiration, spirit”...........................................................................................................................13
 
Performance and audience..................................................................................................................................13
 
5.2. The world..........................................................................................................................................................13
 
Order (
asha
).........................................................................................................................................................13
 
The (new) world/existence (
ahu
)........................................................................................................................14
 
The two worlds....................................................................................................................................................14
 
The struggle..........................................................................................................................................................14
 
Truth and reality (
haithya
)..................................................................................................................................15
 
The Lie (
druj 
).......................................................................................................................................................15
 

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