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Drugs Contraindicated during Pregnancy/Drugs Safe during Pregnancy

Drugs Contraindicated during Pregnancy/Drugs Safe during Pregnancy

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Published by bionika

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Published by: bionika on May 05, 2011
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05/12/2014

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Drugs Contraindicated in Pregnancy:Category B:Antibiotics = Ampicillin/Penicillin /ErythromycinMetronidazol ( Flagyl) = Contraindicated in 1st TrimesterCategory C:CorticosteroidsChloramphenicol* : Antibiotic ( grey baby syndrome)Sulfonamide (A/b: Sulfa Drugs = begins with “Sulfa”)Sulfonyureas* ( Oral Antidiabetic)Fluoroquinolones = Ciprofloxacin/ Levofloxacin/ NorfloxacinOpioids/Narcotics = Codeine/Oxycodone/HydrocodonePercocet ( Acetaminophen + Oxycodone)Antifungal = “ Conazole”: Ketoconazole/Miconazole/TioconazoleNystatin/GriseofulvinCategory D:ACE - Inhibitors*: ( “ Pril”) = Enalapril/LisinoprilBeta-Blockers: ( “ Lol”) = Atenolol ( fetal growth retardation)Benzodiazepines*( “Zepam”/”Zolam”)Barbiturates = PhenobarbitalAminocaproic AcidAminoglycosides* = Gentamycin/Tobramycin/Amikacin ( deafness of fetus)Anticonvulsant * =Carbamazepine ( Tegretol)/ Dilantin ( Phenytoin)/Valproic Acid ( Depakote)Chemotherapy Drugs ( exc. methotrexate) = Busulfan/Chlorambucil/CyclophosphamideLithium* = Manic Stage of Bipolar DisorderNSAIDS* = Contraindicated in 3rd TrimestrASA (Aspirin)/Indomethacin/Naproxen (Aleve)/Excedrin/Midol“Profen” =Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)/Vicoprofen(Hydrocodone + Ibuprofen)“Lac”/”Dac”/”Fenac” = Ketorolac/ Sulindac/Diclofenac“Coxib” = Celecoxib ( Celebrex)Tetracyclines* = Doxycycline ( Vibramycin)/ Minocycline: ( child’s teeth staining)Thiazides Diuretics = Hydrochlorothiazide ( fetal growth retardation)Thyroid Drugs = PTU ( Propylthiouracil)/ Triiodthyronine/MethimazolePotassium Iodide ( SSKI)/Radioactive Iodine ( causefetal goiter)Category X:Benzodiazepines* ( “Zepam”/”Zolam”)Oral Contraceptives* ( Birth Control Pills) = Alla)COCP: Estrogen-Progesterone/ (Estradiol- Progestin) Combination = the “Pill”:*Alesse/Aviane/Brevicon/Ogestrel/Ortho-Novum/Ovcon/Tri-Cyclen/TriphasilBeyaz/Yasmin/Yaz = Take Orally)/ Nuvaring = Take Intravaginallyb)POP: Progesterone Only = “ Mini-Pill” ( must take = at the same time each day)*Depo-Provera ( Medroxyprogesterone) = 3-month shot: Deep IM Gluteal/Deltoid.Micronor ( Norethindrone) = Take OrallyImplanon ( Etonogestrel) = ImplantHormone Replacement Therapy* = All (Synthetic Estrogens (Estradiol)/Progesterones)Estrone/Menest/ Premarin/Cenestin/Ogen = synthetic estrogenDiethylstilbestrol *(DES) = synthetic estrogen, antineoplasticProgestaject/Progestasert/Prometrium = synthetic progesteroneDanazol* ( Danocrine)= synthetic testosterone : used to treat endometriosis, fibrocystic breast disease)Finasteride* ( Proscar) = synthetic antiandrogen to treat benign prostatic hyperplasiaMifepristone = synthetic hormone to terminate pregnancy
 
Misoprostol = prevent & treat nsaids-gastric ulcersMethotrexate = ChemotherapyRaloxifene (Evista) = serm : selective estrogen receptor modulator to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.Retinoids *: Isotretinone ( Acutane)/Vit.A preparationsRibavirin = Antiviral : for Severe RSV Infection/ Hepatitis CQuinine = Anti-malarial : causes deafness of fetusStatins* ( Lovastatin/Atorvastatin/Simvastatin)Thalidomide ( Thalomid) = used to treat multiple myelomaWarfarin *( Coumadin) = anticoagulant, crosses placenta ( fetal warfarin syndrome, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, iugr, blindness, mental retardation)Immunizations Contraindicated = Live Vaccines: MMR, Polio, ChickenpoxImmunizations Safe during Pregnancy = Diphtheria/Tetanus Toxoid/Influenza/Hep. BDrugs Safe during Pregnancy:Acetaminophen ( Tylenol)Antacids : Maalox, Mylanta,Pepcid, ZantacAntiemetic: Reglan, Phenergan, ZofranAntihistamines: Claritin, Benadryl, Zyrtec, AllegraAzythromycin ( Zyrthromax)Bisacodyl ( Dulcolax)Cephalosporins: Ancef, Duricef, Keflex, Ceclor, CeftinClotrimazole ( Mycelex)Colace ( Docusate)Cough Suppressants : Robitussin ( Guaifenesin)Decongestants: SudafedErythromycinHeparinInsulinLevothyroxine ( Synthroid)Methyldopa ( Aldomet)MethamucilNasal Contestants: Nasonex, FlonasePenicillins ( Amoxicillin, Ampicillin)SimethiconeTerbutaline ( Brethine)Yeast : Nystatin, Monistat, Femstat, Terazol, LotriminDrugs that are capable of acting as teratogens include:ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitorsAcne medication: Isotretinoin (ACCUTANE, RETIN-A).Alcohol -- increases the risk of a stillbirth and the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.Androgens (male hormones).Antibiotics: Tetracycline (ACHROMYCIN), and Doxycycline (VIBRAMYCIN), Streptomycin.Quinolones: Ciprofloxacin ( Cipro)/ Floxin (Ofloxacin)/Levaquin ( Levofloxacin)/Anticoagulant (blood-thinner) Warfarin(COUMADIN).Anticonvulsants (seizure medications) such as:- Phenytoin (DILATIN), - Valproic acid (DEPAKENE, VALPROTATE), -Trimethadione(TRIDIONE),- Paramethadione (PARADIONE), - Carbamazepine (TEGRETOL).Anti-depressant drug: Llithium(ESKALITH, LITHOB).

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