According to U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA seeks to prevent, prepare for,and respond to oil spills that occur in and around inland waters of the United States. EPA is thelead federal response agency for oil spills occurring in inland waters, and the U.S. Coast Guard isthe lead response agency for spills in coastal waters and deepwater ports. The U.S. Coast Guardis one of the five armed forces of the United States and the only military organization within theDepartment of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard protects the maritime economy and theenvironment, defends maritime borders, and saves those in peril.
Background of study
oil spill is an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed for three months in 2010. The impact of the spill continues even after the well has been capped. It isthe largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. The spill stemmedfrom a sea-floor oil gusher that resulted from the April 20, 2010 explosion of
, which drilled on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. The explosion killed 11 menworking on the platform and injured 17 others. On July 15, the leak was stopped by capping thegushing wellhead, after it had released about 4.9 million barrels (205.8 million gallons) of crudeoil. It was estimated that 53,000 barrels per day (8,400 m³/d) were escaping from the well just before it was capped. It is believed that the daily flow rate diminished over time, starting at about62,000 barrels per day (9,900 m³/d) and decreasing as the reservoir of hydrocarbons feeding thegusher was gradually depleted. On September 19, the relief well process was successfullycompleted, and the federal government declared the well "effectively dead´.