2.Housing Policy and Housing Development in Malaysia
To be in general, as the Malaysian government is separated into the federal andstate, the federal is not the only one responsible for housing supplies in Malaysia, as thestate government and local authority has their parts to play as well. The Malaysian lawhas enacted a few laws to look after or to be a guideline for housing development inMalaysia such as National Land Code 1965, Malaysian Land Acquisition Act 1960,Town and Country Planning Act 1976, Environmental Impact Quality Act, Street,Drainage and Building Act 1974and Malaysian Building By-Law as well. This has shownthe Malaysian government is serious in their aspect of housing development and producing affordable and sufficient houses supply to the country. The housing need must be fulfill by the government. Housing needs in this context is defined as the Quantity of housing that is required to provide adequate housing to the population without taking intoconsideration individual household’s ability to pay (Chander,1976;Ratcliffe,1981; Noraini,1993;Golland&Gillen,2004 cited in Alias, Johar & Ho ;2008)The Malaysia Plan has incorporated housing policy in their plan from as early asthe 1
Malaysia Plan (N. Idrus & Ho ;2008). This clearly shown the government hasshown commitment towards addressing the issues of housing with the focus on demandand supply of affordable house for the population in mind as early as 1966(during the 1
Malaysia Plan). All this housing policy formulated in the Malaysian plan has its ownobjective to achieve such as in table 1.Under various Malaysia Plan as in table 1.0 , the clear things to be notice is thatthe housing in Malaysia is a government intervention type and not solely based on marketforce. All the initiatives in the various Malaysia Plan has enable sufficient affordablehouses been built in the country. However, various edition of plan has different target andobjective such as low cost housing for low income group, basic human settlementconcept, housing for low income group in urban area with various strategies such asinvolvement of private sector in providing low cost housing, set the ceiling price for lowcost houses and low medium cost houses, guidelines and new laws set to control privatedevelopers, and other strategies as well.