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Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs

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Published by Narmina Alieva

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Published by: Narmina Alieva on May 05, 2011
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Steve JobsFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaSteve JobsJobs holding a white iPhone 4 at Worldwide Developers Conference 2010Born Steven Paul JobsFebruary 24, 1955 (age 56)[1]San Francisco, California, U.S.[1]Residence Palo Alto, California, U.S.[2]Nationality AmericanAlma mater Reed College (dropped out in 1972)Occupation Chairman and CEO, Apple Inc.[3]Salary $1[4][5][6][7]Net worth $8.3 billion (2011)[8]Board member of The Walt Disney Company[9]Religion Buddhism[10]Spouse Laurene Powell (1991present)Children 4SignatureSteven Paul "Steve" Jobs (born February 24, 1955) is an American business magnate and inventor. He isthe co-founder and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs also previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney. He was credited in the 1995 movie Toy Story as anexecutive producer.[11]In the late 1970s, Jobs, with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula,[12] and others, designed,developed, and marketed one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, theApple II series. In the early 1980s, Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of the
 
mouse-driven graphical user interface which led to the creation of the Macintosh.[13][14] After losing apower struggle with the board of directors in 1984,[15][16] Jobs resigned from Apple and foundedNeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in the higher education and businessmarkets. Apple's subsequent 1996 buyout of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded,and he has served as its CEO since 1997.In 1986, he acquired the computer graphics division of Lucasfilm Ltd which was spun off as PixarAnimation Studios.[17] He remained CEO and majority shareholder at 50.1% until its acquisition by TheWalt Disney company in 2006.[3] Consequently Jobs became Disney's largest individual shareholder at7% and a member of Disney's Board of Directors.[18][19][20][21]Jobs' history in business has contributed much to the symbolic image of the idiosyncratic, individualisticSilicon Valley entrepreneur, emphasizing the importance of design and understanding the crucial roleaesthetics play in public appeal. His work driving forward the development of products that are bothfunctional and elegant has earned him a devoted following.[22]Contents [hide] Steve Jobs at the WWDC 07Jobs was born in San Francisco, California[1] and was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs (née Hagopian)[23]of Mountain View, California, who named him Steven Paul. Paul and Clara later adopted a daughter,who they named Patti. Jobs' biological parents  Abdulfattah Jandali, a Syrian[24] graduate studentwho later became a political science professor,[25] and Joanne Simpson, an American graduatestudent[24] who went on to become a speech language pathologist[26]  later married, giving birth toand raising Jobs' biological sister, the novelist Mona Simpson.[27][28][29][30][31][32]Jobs attended Cupertino Junior High School and Homestead High School in Cupertino, California,[22]and frequented after-school lectures at the Hewlett-Packard Company in Palo Alto, California. He wassoon hired there and worked with Steve Wozniak as a summer employee.[33] In 1972, Jobs graduatedfrom high school and enrolled in Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Although he dropped out after onlyone semester,[34] he continued auditing classes at Reed, such as one in calligraphy, while sleeping onthe floor in friends' rooms, returning Coke bottles for food money, and getting weekly free meals at thelocal Hare Krishna temple.[16] Jobs later stated, "If I had never dropped in on that single course incollege, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts."[16]In the autumn of 1974, Jobs returned to California and began attending meetings of the HomebrewComputer Club with Wozniak. He took a job as a technician at Atari, a manufacturer of popular videogames, with the primary intent of saving money for a spiritual retreat to India.
 
Jobs then traveled to India with a Reed College friend (and, later, the first Apple employee), DanielKottke, in search of spiritual enlightenment. He came back a Buddhist with his head shaved and wearingtraditional Indian clothing.[35][36] During this time, Jobs experimented with psychedelics, calling his LSDexperiences "one of the two or three most important things [he had] done in [his] life".[37] He hasstated that people around him who did not share his countercultural roots could not fully relate to histhinking.[37]Jobs returned to his previous job at Atari and was given the task of creating a circuit board for the gameBreakout. According to Atari founder Nolan Bushnell, Atari had offered US$100 for each chip that waseliminated in the machine. Jobs had little interest or knowledge in circuit board design and made a dealwith Wozniak to split the bonus evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips.Much to the amazement of Atari, Wozniak reduced the number of chips by 50, a design so tight that itwas impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. At the time, Jobs told Wozniak that Atari had onlygiven them $700 (instead of the actual $5000) and that Wozniak's share was thus$350.[38][39][40][41][42][43]CareerBeginnings of Apple ComputerSee also: History of AppleSteve Jobs and Bill Gates at the fifth D: All Things Digital conference (D5) in 2007.In 1976, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne,[44] with later funding from a then-semi-retiredIntel product-marketing manager and engineer A.C. "Mike" Markkula Jr.,[12] founded Apple. Prior to co-founding Apple, Wozniak was an electronics hacker. Jobs and Wozniak had been friends for severalyears, having met in 1971, when their mutual friend, Bill Fernandez, introduced 21-year-old Wozniak to16-year-old Jobs. Steve Jobs managed to interest Wozniak in assembling a computer and selling it. AsApple continued to expand, the company began looking for an experienced executive to help manage itsexpansion.In 1978, Apple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO for what turned out tobe several turbulent years. In 1983, Steve Jobs lured John Sculley away from Pepsi-Cola to serve asApple's CEO, asking, "Do you want to sell sugar water for the rest of your life, or do you want to comewith me and change the world?"[45][46] The following year, Apple aired a Super Bowl televisioncommercial titled "1984." At Apple's annual shareholders meeting on January 24, 1984, an emotionalJobs introduced the Macintosh to a wildly enthusiastic audience; Andy Hertzfeld described the scene as"pandemonium."[47] The Macintosh became the first commercially successful small computer with agraphical user interface. The development of the Mac was started by Jef Raskin, and eventually takenover by Jobs.

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