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1.1 Introduction
1.2 Examples
1.3 Some Deﬁnitions
1.3.1 Static Fields
1.3.2 Low-Frequency EMF
1.3.3 High-Frequency EMF
1.4 Basic Coupling Mechanisms
 Capacitive coupling
1.4.1 Capacitive Coupling
1.4.2 Inductive coupling
1.4.3 Galvanic coupling
1.4.4 Line-coupled disturbances
1.5.1 Capacitive Coupling
1.5.2 Inductive Coupling
1.5.3 Reduction wires
1.5.4 Galvanic Coupling
2.1 How to draw up a TCF
2.1.1 Introduction
2.1.2 Contents of the technical construction ﬁle:
2.2 Identiﬁcation of apparatus
2.3 Technical description of apparatus
2.4 The technical rationale
2.4.1 Why
2.4.2 How
2.5 Signiﬁcant design aspects
2.6 Test data
2.7 How the TCF is assessed
2.9 Examples of TCFs
3 Electromagnetic Waves
3.1 The electromagnetic wave
3.1.1 Introduction
3.3 The spectrum of electromagnetic radiation
3.5 Maxwell Equations
4 Measurements
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Fundamentals of EMI measurements
4.2.3 Time versus frequency domain measurements
4.2.4 Fundamental quantities and units of measurement
4.3 Instrumentation for EMI measurement
4.3.1 Electromagnetic sensors
4.3.2 Signal transmission
4.3.3 Measuring instruments
5 Electromagnetic Modelling
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Method of Moments (MOM)
5.3 Finite Element Modelling
5.4 Finite Diﬀerence Time Domain (FDTD)
5.5 Transmission Line Matrix (TLM)
5.6 Other Techniques
5.7 Discussion
6.1.1 Coupling mechanisms
6.2.4 Loop antenna
6.3 Three Step Design Strategy
6.3.1 ‘Natural’ Antennas
6.3.2 Antenna Characteristics
6.3.3 Directive Antennas
6.3.4 Standing-Wave Antennas
6.3.5 Resonant Antennas
6.3.6 Travelling-Wave Antennas
6.3.7 Inﬂuence of Near-by Conductive Bodies
6.3.8 Linear Antennas
6.3.9 Half-Wave Antennas
6.3.10 Loop Antennas
6.3.11 Natural Antennas Formed by Cables
6.3.12 Transmission Lines and Cables
6.3.13 Extended ‘Natural Antennas’
6.3.14 The Overall Picture
6.3.16 Uniform array
6.3.17 Null placement
6.4 Illustrative EMC Example
6.4.1 Interference in a small loop
6.5 Shielding
6.5.1 Basic Physical Ideas
6.5.2 Static (or quasi-static) ﬁeld shielding
6.5.3 Enclosures
6.5.4 Shielding eﬀectiveness
6.5.5 Eﬀects of apertures
7 Conducted Problems
7.1.1 Interference
7.1.2 Conducted emissions
7.1.3 Conducted interference in the circuit
7.1.4 Sources
7.2 Suppression of conducted interference
1. transient suppressors;
7.2.1 Transient suppressors
7.2.2 Interference suppression capacitors
7.2.3 Line ﬁlters
7.2.4 Line voltage regulation
7.2.5 Bypass and decoupling capacitors
7.2.6 Signal ﬁlters
7.3 Interconnection techniques
7.4 Conclusions and Summary
8 ESD & Transient Problems
8.1 Deﬁning the problem
8.2 ESD legends, anecdotes and tales
8.3 How electrostatic charge does it occur?
8.4 Insulative, conductive and static dissipative
8.5 Two main outcomes for a single ESD
8.6 The ﬁrst ESD attempt: eﬃcient grounding
8.8 Guarding ESD eﬀects while shipping or
8.9 Thinking ‘ESD’ when starting hardware
8.10 Auxiliary techniques for anti-static
8.11 Software Immunity
8.12 ATTN: Static Sensitive Device!
9 Design Rules for EMC
9.1 Types of EMC Problem
9.1.1 Excessive RF Emissions
9.1.2 Poor Susceptibility (lack of Immunity)
9.2 Where emissions come from
9.2.1 Conductors
9.2.2 Choosing your capacitors (resistance is useless)
9.3 What makes a circuit susceptible?
9.4 What transients do
9.5.3 Conduction (a grasp of grounding)
9.11 Typical Input/Output circuits
10 Emissions Tests
10.1 Overview
10.2 EMC Analysis—Decision ﬂow-chart
10.3.1 The Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN)
10.3.2 Open Area Test Sites (OATS)
11 Susceptibility / Immunity Tests
11.1 EMC Immunity Tests
11.2 The Stripline
11.3 The TEM Cell
11.4 The GTEM Cell
11.5 Bulk Current Injection
11.6 Mode Stirred Chambers
11.8 EMC Emmissions Tests
1. Radiated Emissions in a GTEM Cell
11.9 Radiated Emissions in a GTEM Cell
11.10 Radiated Emissions Measurements in a
11.14 Conducted Emissions Measurement with
12 ESD & Transient Tests
12.1 Testing the most disturbing ESD event
12.2 ESD immunity investigation
12.3 Primary Models for ESD occurrence
12.3.1 Human Body Model (HBM)
12.3.2 Machine Model (M.M.)
12.3.3 Charged Device Model (CDM)
12.4 Other tests, tips and interpretations
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08/18/2013

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