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My Ecodial L Technical Documentation V3.4

My Ecodial L Technical Documentation V3.4

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Published by: nooruddinkhan1 on May 06, 2011
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07/20/2013

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 My Ecodial L Technical Documentation 3.4
 
Transformers
Input parametersProtection of MV/LV transformersThe role of the transformer is to create a link between the HV network and the LV part of the installation, for installationson which the power requires use of a transformer.
Limitations
The power of the transformers proposed by
My Ecodial L
varies from 50 kVA to 3200 kVA.The phase to phase voltage at the transformer secondary varies from 220 V to 690 V.Some transformer connection configurations on the circuit are not authorised. In short, the transformers can be used as amain or replacement sources. In each case, up to 4 transformers can be parallel-connected. For more details, see circuitsauthorised and circuits refused.
Choice of technology
At present, there is a choice of two technologies:
Mineral-oil immersed transformer
Dry type cast resin transformerTo make this choice, a number of parameters must be considered:
Safety of persons, at the transformer and in its vicinity. This safety aspect is dealt with in official recommendationsand regulations (standards NF C 27-300 and NF C 17-300). Oil-immersed transformers are forbidden in someapplications (tall buildings) and imply installation restrictions due to the fire hazard they represent.
The economic evaluation, in light of the advantages of each technique and the range of existing devices
Determining optimum power
Oversizing
a transformer leads to:
Excessive investments and pointless no-load losses
Reduction in on-load losses
Page 1 of 11Transformers5/6/2011file://C:\Users\noor\AppData\Local\Temp\~hh7F2F.htm
 
Undersizing
a transformer leads to:
Full load operation (efficiency which is maximum between 50 and 70% of maximum load is no longer optimum inthis case)
Overloads, which can have serious consequences on the installation (temperature rise of windings causing theprotection devices to trip) and on the transformer (premature ageing of insulation possibly leading to transformermalfunctions).
Definition of optimum power
To define the optimum power of a transformer, it is important to:
Sum up the installed power.
Determine the percent load of each load
Determine the cycle and load or overload duration of the installation
Compensate for reactive energy consumption if necessary to eliminate penalties and reduce subscribed power(PkVA=PkW/cosj phi)
Choose from the available ratings, allowing for future extensions and dependability considerations.To size a transformer,
My Ecodial L
first carries out a power sum for the installation, then chooses, from the standardratings proposed, the next highest value.
Caution
: If installation total power is subsequently reduced,
My Ecodial L
will not lower thetransformer rating as it considers that this may be a deliberate choice on the part of the userto oversize his installation.
Transformer input parameters
My Ecodial L
will calculate all the source characteristics from the transformer nominal power and the short-circuit powerof the HV network.
First level input parameters
Description Content
PowerRated power (S
rT
) of the transformer in kVA Type Two types available: immersed or dryEarthing arrangementEarthing arrangement of the LV installation:
TT - IT - TN-C - TN-S - Upstream (= adefined in the general characteristics) 
 
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