Saddam Hussein was Sunni and the Sunnis were ruling over themajority (Shiites)i.
Was extremely repressive sAfrica1.
Ghana was one of the first places to become independenta.
Strikes and protests broke out after WWIIi.
British response: repression then peaceful independence (1957)b.
Leader: Kwame Nkrumahi.
Saw himself as being a broader leadeii.
Organization of African Unity (1963)1.
Goal: prevent conflicts, avoid intervention by colonial powersa.
Create stable new countries particularly over boundariesb.
Strong anti imperialist groupc.
Supported existing territorial boundariesd.
They have peacekeepers2.
Overthrown in 1966a.
Replaced with one party dictatorshipi.
Allied with Britain and the US in the Cold War2.
Colonial government controlled by white farmer settlersi.
Different from Ghanaii.
Seized best farmland in 1930s-40sb.
British allowed local assembliesi.
Dominated by the settlers and were excluding the Africansc.
Militant Kikuyus began attacks on settlers and governmenti.
At first, the British brutally suppressed all nationalist groups (1956)1.
Leader: Jomo Kenyattad.
Finally allowed independence (1963)i.
Believed that the Africans should have the voice in the government1.
Couldnt support radical white supremacist farmers2.
First president = Kenyatta3.
Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia)a.
Self governing colony of white settlersb.
Didnt achieve full independence until 1980i.
Britain wanted African representation in governmentii.
Whites refused, declared unilateral independence1.
1% of the population held 70% of arable land2.
Communist backed insurgency lasted 10 yearsa.
iolent African nationalist Robert Mugabei.
Expropriated white land, gave to his political supporters1.
Completely crazy and a thug ahhaha .(still in power)2.
Zimbabwe used to be super rich and had an amazing economya.
Took the land of the white settlersi.
The people had no idea how to farm, and theireconomy went down1.
Country went from being a food exporter tofood importer