Decolonization = retreat from Empirea.
Spurt of new countries that emerged from the formal European colonies after WorldWar IIi.
Included places from Asia, South Asia, Africa, and the Middle eastii.
End of the Soviet Unions control1.
Late 1980s-early 1990s: Eastern Europeb.
Results = Third World Countriesi.
Why did this occur?a.
Resentment of Western domination1.
Native intelligentsias with European schooling2.
Knew western political idealsa.
Western educated middle class
contact with Western ideasi.
Marxism and liberalismii.
Gained through missionaries, schools (civilizingmissions), and to train low level bureaucrats to work inthe mother countrys civil service, and many hadtraveled to Europe to gain an educationb.
Knew Western powers could be defeatedi.
Japans early successes in WWII1.
Defeated Russia Russo Japanese War2.
Then taking some land from Germany (WW1)ii.
Bloodbaths of WWI and WWIIc.
Loss of European moral authorityi.
All this progress had been used to create disaster1.
White Mans Burden?ii.
Anxiety after WWI and WWIIiii.
Rejection of European model of progress seen elsewhered.
Europes economic/military weaknessi.
Didnt exactly want or had the capability to hold on to their empires1.
Resources needed for rebuilding at home2.
Left leaning governments elementa.
the labor party wasnt committed to theidea of empires
more interested in ending Britains coloniesii.
US ambivalence about colonies1.
Concerned that by seeing as the allies of countries that were oppressingtheir subjectsa.
Make them seem less legitimate for allies against the SovietUnion in the Cold War3.
Not enough resources for everyone