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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Optical Networking and Switching
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Telecommunications Network Architecture
2.3. Optical Networks
2.3.1 Multiplexing Techniques
2.3.2 Second-Generation Optical Networks
2.4. WDM Network Elements
2.5. Basic Components
2.5.1 Couplers
2.5.2 Mach-Zehnder Interferometer
2.5.3 Arrayed Waveguide Grating
2.6. Optical Switches
2.6.1 Large Optical Switch Architectures
2.6.2 Optical Switch Technologies
2.7. WDM Optical Switches
2.7.1 Design of Passive Waveguide Devices
2.7.2 Design of Carrier Controlled Simple Waveguide Devices
2.7.3 Design of Carrier Controlled AWG All-Optical Switch
2.8. Design of All-Optical Switch Networks
2.9. Conclusion
3.1. Introduction
3.2. An Approach of an N ×××× N All Optical Switch
3.3. The Scheme of the 1 ×××× N All-Optical Switch
3.4. Design of the N-IAWG
3.4.1. Functionality of N-IAWG
3.4.2. From AWG to IAWG
3.4.3. AWG Multiple-Beam Interference Condition
Table 3.1 Initial Vector Information for Constructing a 4-IAWG
Table 3.2 Vector Information of a Constructed 4-IAWG
3.4.6. General Design Rule of N-IAWG
3.4.7. Output Port Arrangement
3.4.8. Comparison with Previous Results
3.4.9. Verification of Equal Vector Magnitudes in BZs of N-IAWG
Table 3.5 Initial Vector Information of Constructing a 5-IAWG
3.4.10. Verification of N-IAWG with Numerical Simulation
3.4.11. Transfer function of an N-IAWG
3.4.12. Extinction Ratio Versus the Interleaved Number N
Table 3.6 Extinction ratio (ER) versus the interleaved number N
3.5. Realization of a 1 ×××× N All Optical Switch
3.5.1. The Transfer Function of a 1 ×××× N All-Optical Switch
3.5.3. Simulation Verification ---An Example
3.5.4. The Scheme of Mirror 1 ×××× N All-Optical Switch
3.6. Conclusion
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Carrier-Induced Refractive Index Change in Semiconductors
4.2.1 Bandfilling
Table 4.1: Values of Semiconductor Parameters (T = 300 K) [35]:
Table 4.2: Values of GaN Semiconductor Parameters (T = 300 K):
4.2.2 Bandgap Shrinkage
4.2.3 Free-Carrier Absorption
4.2.4 Combination of Effects
5.2.1 Symmetric Dielectric Slab Waveguides
5.2.2 Asymmetric Dielectric Slab Waveguides
5.2.3 Rectangular Dielectric Waveguides
5.3 Beam Propagation Method
5.3.2 FDMBPM Analysis of Rectangular Waveguides
5.3.3 Straight Waveguide Design with BPM Software
5.4 Measurement Method and Experimental Setup
5.4.1 Measurement Method Based On Febry-Perot (FP) Interference
5.4.2 Experimental Setup
5.5 Measurement of Refractive Indices in Infrared
5.6 Measurement Results of the Single-Mode GaN/AlGaN Waveguides
5.6.1 Experimental Results: Power Loss in Waveguide Transmission
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Optical Properties of III-nitride Semiconductors

Optical Properties of III-nitride Semiconductors

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,370|Likes:
Published by Sanjay Mishra

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Published by: Sanjay Mishra on May 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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