- Essentially, what makes vinegar sour. If you can obtainacetic acid, which is diluted 1:25 with water to make “artificial vinegar”,you can have a year’s supply in a litre bottle, cheaply and compactly.Flavor it with wine, apple cider, herbs, and it’s a reasonable substitute forfermented "gourmet" wine or cider vinegar. Try a Chemist (Pharmacy), orin some countries, an industrial chemicals supplier. Chemical symbol forAcetic Acid: CH3COOH (See “
- (For example, Tylenol®). In Australia, NZ, is calledParacetomol. Same thing, different name. The only painkiller that shouldbe used if Dengue Fever is suspected. Liver damage can occur if taken intoo great quantities, or with alcohol.
- Various types of acid are useful on a boat, and we probably carryall of them. Always dilute acid by pouring the acid slowly into water, notby putting water into acid. (See “
Acetic”, “Citric”, ”Hydrofluoric”,“Muriatic”, “Phosphoric”, “Oxalic”, “Tartaric” acids, "Stain Remover",“Vinegar”, “Heads
- Some marine toxins, such as from jellyfish, cause extremeallergic reactions. Our doctor recommended that we carry at least onetype of liquid antihistamine (such as Children’s Benadryl) as well asantihistamine pills as a preventive measure against reactions to newsubstances. In the event of a severe allergic reaction you may not havetime to reach professional medical help. The liquid is faster-acting thanthe pill form and is more easily swallowed, which can be important if reaction causes swelling of throat and airway passages. If you carryChildren's Benadryl, be sure you adjust the dosage for an adult. Better yetwould be an “Epi-Pen” which is a premeasured dose of injectableepinephrine. It is most commonly provided to people with severe allergies(such as to bee stings, peanuts, fish, etc.) (See “
Charcoal Tablets”;“Scombroid Poisoning
- Algae in your fuel tank will break down diesel and depositwater. In the tropics it can form quickly and clog fuel filters. Many marinafuel docks in the tropics sell an additive to handle algae. It is worthcarrying. For potable water, Sodium Metabisulphide, the bactericide that isused to "pickle" the PUR desalinator membrane, is a good water tankalgaecide, though the taste is dreadful. (See "
- Extremely vulnerable to electrolysis. We do not recommendfor cooking utensils, or storage containers. (See “
- be sure anchor is locked securely before making any passage(we secure ours in chain locker so there is nothing on deck to be caughtby green water). In foul anchorages, it is helpful to buoy the anchor with atrip line. In very deep foul anchorages it may be necessary to buoy theanchor rode to prevent it from so tangling with the rock and/or coral onthe bottom that it is hopelessly fouled. (Danger in areas with heavy swellsis that rode fouls straight down leaving no catenary - has broken rode orbow stem of a number of boats. (See also, “