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Implementation Plan for Increasing the Adoption and Use of Efficient Charcoal Cookstoves in Urban and Peri-Urban Kigali

Implementation Plan for Increasing the Adoption and Use of Efficient Charcoal Cookstoves in Urban and Peri-Urban Kigali

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Published by Jason Wolfe
Winrock found during its research that a highly-efficient improved charcoal-burning cookstove already exists in Kigali, with approximately 40% market penetration. This stove, known as the canamaké, was found in comparative household use testing to consume approximately 33% less
charcoal than other commonly used unimproved stoves in Kigali. Furthermore, the stove was found to be well-liked by the majority of households surveyed, while the supply chain is relatively well- developed, with approximately 100 informal sector businesses manufacturing approximately 3,500 canamaké stoves per month. However, one widespread version of the stove in particular is not as durable as it could be. As a consequence, the canamaké’s reputation has suffered with some consumers. The implementation plan calls for a three-year program to increase canamaké penetration to 80% of the Kigali market (or around 7,000 stoves sold per month), while improving the quality and durability of the stove. The focus on Kigali – by far the largest single charcoal consuming market in Rwanda – is designed to achieve the greatest impact in the shortest amount of time.
The plan consists of two major components: (1) manufacturer training, certification and quality control to increase supply and improve quality, and (2) marketing and promotion to increase consumer demand as well as awareness of the proper use of the technology.
Winrock found during its research that a highly-efficient improved charcoal-burning cookstove already exists in Kigali, with approximately 40% market penetration. This stove, known as the canamaké, was found in comparative household use testing to consume approximately 33% less
charcoal than other commonly used unimproved stoves in Kigali. Furthermore, the stove was found to be well-liked by the majority of households surveyed, while the supply chain is relatively well- developed, with approximately 100 informal sector businesses manufacturing approximately 3,500 canamaké stoves per month. However, one widespread version of the stove in particular is not as durable as it could be. As a consequence, the canamaké’s reputation has suffered with some consumers. The implementation plan calls for a three-year program to increase canamaké penetration to 80% of the Kigali market (or around 7,000 stoves sold per month), while improving the quality and durability of the stove. The focus on Kigali – by far the largest single charcoal consuming market in Rwanda – is designed to achieve the greatest impact in the shortest amount of time.
The plan consists of two major components: (1) manufacturer training, certification and quality control to increase supply and improve quality, and (2) marketing and promotion to increase consumer demand as well as awareness of the proper use of the technology.

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Published by: Jason Wolfe on May 07, 2011
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IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR INCREASINGTHE ADOPTION AND USE OF EFFICIENTCHARCOAL COOKSTOVES IN URBAN ANDPERI-URBAN KIGALI
 
May 2007
This publication was produced for the United States Agency for InternationalDevelopment. It was prepared by Winrock International under a subcontractfrom the Institute of International Education.
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.................................................................................................................................1
 
SECTION I: INTRODUCTION & METHODOLOGY.............................................................2SECTION II: CURRENT MARKET & SUPPLY SITUATION...................................................4SECTION III: STOVE TEST FINDINGS.......................................................................................5SECTION IV: RECOMMENDATIONS........................................................................................8SECTION V: PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION...........................................................................16SECTION VI: MONITORING & EVALUATION PLAN........................................................21 
ANEXES
ANNEX 1. CHARCOAL STOVE SELECTION FOR A PROJECT IN RWANDA.........................24
 
ANNEX 2. THE COOKSTOVE SUPPLY CHAIN IN KIGALI.............................................................43
 
ANNEX 3. HOUSEHOLD SURVEY METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS.....................................49
 
 
1 of 60
Key Findings:
 
Canamaké stove: 40% market penetrationin Kigali
 
Canamaké stove uses 33% less charcoalthan traditional stoves
Summary of Project Design:
 
3 year program to increase canamaképenetration to 80% of the Kigali market
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Rwanda depends on biomass for 95% of its energy, which is derived from fuelwood (rural areas) andcharcoal (urban areas) and used primarily for cooking. This dependency on biomass and a rapidlygrowing population have placed enormous pressure on Rwanda’snatural resource base, leading to a significant fuelwood deficit.However, this problem presents a compelling opportunity tosignificantly reduce the amount of fuelwood and charcoal used forcooking. This implementation plan, prepared for the Kigali Instituteof Science & Technology (KIST) by Winrock International withsupport from USAID, presents a comprehensive strategy forreducing the consumption of charcoal in urban Kigali, through thesustainable, commercial dissemination of affordable, fuel-efficientcharcoal cookstoves.The Government of Rwanda’s goal – to increase the use of fuel-efficient cookstoves to 100% of households – is extremely ambitious. This document sets out animplementation plan that builds on existing markets and capacities, so that significant results can beachieved in a relatively short period of time.Winrock found during its research that a highly-efficient improved charcoal-burning cookstovealready exists in Kigali, with approximately 40% market penetration. This stove, known as the
canamaké
, was found in comparative household use testing to consume approximately 33% lesscharcoal than other commonly used unimprovedstoves in Kigali. Furthermore, the stove was foundto be well-liked by the majority of householdssurveyed, while the supply chain is relatively well-developed, with approximately 100 informal sectorbusinesses manufacturing approximately 3,500canamaké stoves per month. However, onewidespread version of the stove in particular is notas durable as it could be. As a consequence, the
canamaké
’s reputation has suffered with someconsumers.The implementation plan calls for a three-year program to increase canamaké penetration to 80% of the Kigali market (or around 7,000 stoves sold per month), while improving the quality and durabilityof the stove. The focus on Kigali – by far the largest single charcoal consuming market in Rwanda – is designed to achieve the greatest impact in the shortest amount of time.The plan consists of two major components: (1) manufacturer training, certification and qualitycontrol to increase supply and improve quality, and (2) marketing and promotion to increaseconsumer demand as well as awareness of the proper use of the technology.A detailed description of these two components as well as background information, Winrock’sprogram design and research methodology, and supporting documentation are contained within thisreport.The authors of this report are confident that its recommendations create a solid framework foraddressing one of Rwanda’s most serious environmental problems. It is recommended that theimplementation be managed by a team with extensive experience in large-scale commercialcookstove dissemination, due to the importance of this project to Rwanda’s national objectives andthe government’s desire to achieve results quickly.
The current high-qualityCanamaké stove
 

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