Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Assistance Options for Vulnerable Households in Ghana

Assistance Options for Vulnerable Households in Ghana

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,278|Likes:
Published by Jason Wolfe
In aggregate, Ghana is considered to be generally food secure, with only 5 percent of the population deemed food insecure and another 9 percent vulnerable to food insecurity. However, this nationwide perspective masks important regional dynamics and disparities. Persistent food insecurity is concentrated in the poorest areas of the country. The rural northern regions have the highest rates of food insecurity in the country and high prevalence of both wasting and stunting among children under five. USAID’s development challenge is to improve cash flow among households vulnerable to food insecurity so that they have cash (or cash-equivalent assets) available to purchase food, especially during periods of the year when household food stocks are low or exhausted. Geographically, the evidence clearly points to Ghana’s northern regions (Upper East, Upper West, and Northern) as the primary focus for investments in this area. Three primary intervention strategies should be considered, and two are recommended for investment: (1) Smoothing household income streams throughout the year through income diversification interventions (recommended); (2) Smoothing household consumption throughout the year through asset accumulation and financial services interventions (recommended); (3) Preventing extremely negative coping strategies through access to external assistance such as social safety nets and remittances (not recommended).
In aggregate, Ghana is considered to be generally food secure, with only 5 percent of the population deemed food insecure and another 9 percent vulnerable to food insecurity. However, this nationwide perspective masks important regional dynamics and disparities. Persistent food insecurity is concentrated in the poorest areas of the country. The rural northern regions have the highest rates of food insecurity in the country and high prevalence of both wasting and stunting among children under five. USAID’s development challenge is to improve cash flow among households vulnerable to food insecurity so that they have cash (or cash-equivalent assets) available to purchase food, especially during periods of the year when household food stocks are low or exhausted. Geographically, the evidence clearly points to Ghana’s northern regions (Upper East, Upper West, and Northern) as the primary focus for investments in this area. Three primary intervention strategies should be considered, and two are recommended for investment: (1) Smoothing household income streams throughout the year through income diversification interventions (recommended); (2) Smoothing household consumption throughout the year through asset accumulation and financial services interventions (recommended); (3) Preventing extremely negative coping strategies through access to external assistance such as social safety nets and remittances (not recommended).

More info:

Published by: Jason Wolfe on May 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/05/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
 July 2010This report was produced for review by the United States Agency for InternationalDevelopment. It was prepared by Jason Wolfe of USAID/EGAT/PR/MD.
TRIP REPORT
ASSISTANCE OPTIONS FORVULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS IN GHANA
 
 
TRIP REPORT
ASSISTANCE OPTIONS FORVULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS IN GHANA
 Jason Wolfe, U.S. Agency for International DevelopmentDISCLAIMERThe author’s views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of theUnited States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.
 
 
Trip Report: Assistance Options for Vulnerable Households in Ghana 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Context and Rationale........................................................................................................................................................6
 
USG Foreign Assistance Objectives...........................................................................................................................6
 
GoG Priorities for Food Security................................................................................................................................6
 
USAID Strategies and Investments to Date..............................................................................................................7
 
Situation Assessment..........................................................................................................................................................7
 
Role of Poverty..............................................................................................................................................................8
 
Role of Household Cash Flow..................................................................................................................................10
 
Investment Options..........................................................................................................................................................11
 
Smoothing Income: Income Diversification...........................................................................................................11
 
Smoothing Consumption: Savings-Led Financial Services...................................................................................12
 
External Assistance: Remittances and Social Safety Nets.....................................................................................13
 
Feasibility Analysis............................................................................................................................................................14
 
Effects of Income Diversification.............................................................................................................................14
 
Opportunities for Income Diversification...............................................................................................................14
 
Effects of Savings-Led Financial Services...............................................................................................................16
 
Opportunities for Savings-Led Financial Services..................................................................................................17
 
Coherence with GoG and USAID Initiatives.........................................................................................................18
 
 Annex A.
 
 Terms of Reference....................................................................................................................................19
 
 Annex B.
 
 Works Consulted........................................................................................................................................20
 
 Annex C.
 
Individuals and Institutions Consulted...................................................................................................23
 
LIST OF TABLES
 Table 1.
 
Food Insecurity by Region in Ghana........................................................................................................7
 
 Table 2.
 
 Vulnerability to Food Insecurity by Region in Ghana...........................................................................7
 
 Table 3.
 
Child Nutrition by Region in Ghana.........................................................................................................8
 
 Table 4.
 
Characteristics of Livelihood Groups in Ghana.....................................................................................9
 
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Wealth Quintile Map....................................................................................................................................9
 
Figure 2. Sources of Food by Wealth Quintile.......................................................................................................10
 
Figure 3. Sources of Food by Livelihood Group...................................................................................................10
 
Figure 4. Average Monthly Expenditures on Food and Non-Food Items in Ghana......................................10
 
Figure 5. Food Expenditures by Wealth Group and Urban/Rural in Ghana...................................................10
 
Figure 6. Monthly Cash Flow for Farming Households in Northern Ghana...................................................11
 
Figure 7. Impact of Income Diversification on Monthly Cash Flow for Households in Northern Ghana14
 

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Jonathan Angerer liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->