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BS Load Calc[1]

BS Load Calc[1]

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Published by ThantZin111
British Standard Area and Function Based Electrical Load Calculation/Estimating
British Standard Area and Function Based Electrical Load Calculation/Estimating

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Published by: ThantZin111 on Sep 04, 2008
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Tables of contents
 1.
Legislation, statutory regulation in Hong Kong & relevant
 
standard for electrical services
 All of building services system is designed in accordance to legislation, statutoryregulation in Hong Kong , relevant standards and guidance listed in the followings.
Services
 
Electrical
BS
7671 – Requirements for 
Electrical
Installation.
 
Guide Books of Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers.
 
General Specification for 
Electrical
Installation in GovernmentBuildings, Hong Kong and General Requirement for 
Electrical
Contract/Sub-contract/Quotation let by Building DevelopmentDepartment, Hong Kong, 1984 edition. (E.G.S)
 
Code of Practice for the Electricity (Wiring) Regulations issued byEMSD 1997 edition.
 
Supply Rules of Hong Kong Electric Co., Ltd.
 
Code of Practice for Energy Efficiency of 
Electrical
Installations(Draft)
 
Lighting
Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) TechnicalMemoranda TM12
 
Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) TechnicalMemorandum No.5
 
Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Code for Interior Lighting
BS5266, Part 1, Code of Practice for Emergency Lighting.
 
Code of Practice for Energy Efficiency of Lighting Installations (Draft)
 
Emergency Generator 
Code of Practice for minimum Fire Service Installations and Equipmentand relevant circular letters issued by the Fire Service Department(COP/Fire)
 
Regulation of Environmental Protection Department.
 
Lightning Protection
BS6651, Code of Practice for Protection of Structures against lightning.
 
Lift and escalator 
Code of Practice on the
Design
and Construction of Lifts and Escalators,EMSD 1993. (COP/Lift)
 
General Specification for Lift and Escalator Installation, in Government
 
Buildings, Hong Kong, 1984 edition.
 
Building Regulation, CAP 123
 
Closed circuittelevision System(CCTV)
General Technical Specification for Monochrome closed circuittelevision systems, Specification No .ESG 14 Issue No. 2 – ElectronicsDivision, EMSD.
 
General requirements for electronics contracts, Specification No.ESG01, Issue No. 6 – Electronics Division, EMSD
 
Security System
 
BS
4737 Intruder alarm systems.
 
Communal aerial broadcsat distributionsystem (CABD)
General Technical Specification for Communal aerial broadcastdistribution systems and aerial distribution systems, Specification No.ESG 17 Issue No. 3-Electronics Division, EMSD
 
General requirements for electronics contracts, Specification No.ESG01, Issue No. 6 – Electronics Division, EMSD.
 
Building ManagementSystem (BMS)
General specification for Air Conditioning, Refrigeration, Ventilationand Central Monitoring and Control System Installation in GovernmentBuilding, Hong Kong, 1988 Edition (A/C,\. G.S.)
 2.
Electrical load estimation
1.
For flats
 According to ‘Code of practice for electricity (wiring) regulation), the
electrical
 
load
demand for each flat is calculated as the following table:Purpose of switchgearRating oswitchgear Estimated
design
currentDiversifiedfactor DiversifiedcurrentdemandAir-conditioning for living room (for summer)20A12A100%12AAir-conditioning for bedroom (for summer)20A8A40%3.2AAir-conditioning for bedroom (for summer)20A8A40%3.2AHeater for living room(for winter)15A13A100%13ALighting for living room & terrace10A8A66%5.28ALighting for bedrooms, bathroom10A4A66%2.64ALighting for kitchen & entrance10A4A66%2.64ALighting for staircase & lav10A3A66%1.98AExhaust fan for kitchen10A4A100%4AWashing machine 15A7A100%7ASocket outlet for living room30A-100%30ASocket outlet for bedrooms30A-30%9ASocket outlet for kitchen, entrance &staircase30A-30%9A
 
Overall89.14A(for summer)81.24A(for winter)The main switch for each flat shall be 100A single phase or 30A three phase.However, according to HEC’s supply rule, 30A three phase is recommanded as themain switch rather than 100A single phase because meter for 100A single phase is notavailable.The
electrical
 
load
for all flat = 89.14A/3
per
flat x 220V x 64 flats=
418.4kVA
2.
For shops and kindergarten
 In reference to ‘COMMERCIAL CODE OF PRACTICE 215
LOAD
ASSESSMENTPROCEDURE (REVISION 2)’ issued by China Light & Power Company Ltd., the
electrical
 
load
is estimated as below:
Usage Location U.F.A.*
1
 
(m
2
 ) ADMD*
2
 
(kVA/m
2
 ) Estimated 
 Load 
 
(kVA)
Shops
*
3
G/F2540.2358.42Shops
*
3
1/F2700.2362.1Shops
*
3
2/F3200.2373.6Kindergarten3/F2120.05
*
4
10.6
Total
 
1056
 
204.72
*1 means Usable Floor 
Area
(U.F.A)*2 means After Diversified Maximum Demand (ADMD) based on COP 215 by CLP*3 Shops is assumed as light metal retail stores.*4 ADMD is included central A/C.3.
For landlord Supply 
 
Usage Qty Estimate
 Load 
 
 Estimated 
 Load 
 
(kVA)
AC System43.6TR1.85 kVA/TR80Escalators6 Nos@30kVA180

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