Manufacturing Of 1, 00,000 Litre/day Functional Whey Beverage
U.D.C.T.Amravati Page 3
Importance of whey Beverage
Beverages based on whey continue to receive a considerable amount of attention reflecting a growing awareness of potential of these products in market place. The beverage has high nutritional quality and increased energy value.These could be particularly useful in places where there is lack of food andimproper nutrition leading to deficiencies of certain nutrients.Out of 85 million tones of global production 40% is still disposed as rawwhey in to sewage which leads to serious environmental pollution, because of its high BOD of 3, 00,000-5, 00,000ppm. Therefore conversion of whey infermented and non-fermented beverages is one of the most attractive avenuesfor utilization of whey for human consumption. (Horton, B.S.1995)The present investigation has been proposed to develop whey basedfunctional whey beverage by mixing appropriate fruit juice and processed wheywith selection of suitable stabilizer ,sugar, colour and flavour to increase theconsumer appeal. The fruit like apple, guava, litchi, mango, and pineapple areused for preparation of beverages. (Dr.J.N.de. Wit, 2009)
Whey protein is a protein fraction obtained from cow¶s milk. Milk containstwo major protein fractions, including casein, which provides about 80% byweight of the total protein, and whey protein, which provides about 20% byweight of the total protein. While its concentration in milk is not significant,whey protein contains all of the essential amino acids, and therefore, is a highquality, ³complete source´ of protein. More specifically, whey proteins are arich source of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs), containing the highestknown levels of any natural food source. BCAAs are important for athletes,since, unlike the other essential amino acids, they are metabolized directly intomuscle tissue and are the first amino acids used during periods of exercise andresistance training. While these nutritional characteristics would benefitathletes, whey protein has the potential to extend its advantages to an averageconsumer. In a clinical trial presented in 2006 by the United States Departmentof Agriculture (USDA) researchers found that those ³consuming supplementalwhey protein weighed less and put on less body fat compared to individualswho consumed a calorie-equivalent carbohydrate supplement´ .