diet elections, votes at stockholders’meetings or other annual meetings, or committee elections at universities andschools. Remarkably there is a broadconsensus that political online voting is notmeant to be substitutional rather complementary to traditional voting procedures. There is no such consensusabout nonpolitical polls.
3.1. Political elections
Security concerns are surely high whenvoting online within political range. Notonly poll specific laws must be observed butalso constitutional principles. Up to now nosuch election has taken place.In 2000 approx. 250 soldiers could use a“certified virus-free” computer to participatein the US-presidential election.Unfortunately, there is only few informationabout the Internet voting procedure. Asmentioned above in 2000 about 40,000entitled voters used the opportunity to casttheir vote online during Democratic Party’sPresidential Primary election . This vote has been accompanied by election.com . Severalsecurity problems occurred, e.g. denial-of-service attacks as well as the uncertainty of the voter, if his vote was really counted.
3.2. Non-political elections
Elections at universities and schools are alsoclassified as non-political ones althoughthey might have a political facet.
4.PRONS AND CONS
Substantial general arguments for theimplementation of online elections are thefollowing ones:
4.1 Increasing turnout
:As Internet voting is an additional channelfor eligible voters the turnout might increasesubstantially. Especially for older,handicapped, or sick people or those whocannot go or travel to their polling station itis a voting option.
4.2 Cost reduction
:Cost savings can occur, if less personnel for performing absentee voting and for countingis necessary or if travel activities arereduced. On the other hand building up andoperating the poll infrastructure as well asequipping the voters with essential hardwarecause cost . Furthermore, in the foreseeablefuture of political elections no pollingstations will become obsolete. Thediscussion whether and at which elections