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`Politics - Social Justice'by Prof. P.L.vishweshwer Rao

`Politics - Social Justice'by Prof. P.L.vishweshwer Rao

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Published by kkkotha2366
Dr. G.Rudraiah Choudary Memorial Lecture - 15

`POLITICS - SOCIAL JUSTICE'

By
Prof. P.L.VISHWESHWER RAO
Dean,
Faculty of Arts & Professor of Journalism,
Osmania University, Hyderabad-500 007

25, Feb.,2009
Ramachandrapuram
E.G.Dt.
Dr. G.Rudraiah Choudary Memorial Lecture - 15

`POLITICS - SOCIAL JUSTICE'

By
Prof. P.L.VISHWESHWER RAO
Dean,
Faculty of Arts & Professor of Journalism,
Osmania University, Hyderabad-500 007

25, Feb.,2009
Ramachandrapuram
E.G.Dt.

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Published by: kkkotha2366 on May 09, 2011
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Dr.
G.
RudraiahChoudharyMemorialLecture-~
"POLITICS-SOCIALJUSTICE"
By
Prof.P.l.VISHWESHWERRAO
.Dean,FacultyofArts
&
ProfessorofJournalism,OemaniaUniversity,Hyderabad-
500007
25,
Febraury,2009RamachandrapuramEastGodavariDistrict
 
IamextremelygratefultoDr.G.RudraiahChoudharyEndowmentTrust
&
HistoryDepartment,invitingmetodeliverthelecture.Ourstruggleforfreedomwaslongdrawnand.tortuous.Itentailedsupremesacrificesonthepartofmillionsofyoungmenandwomen.Andwhenitcame,itwaswithadividedIndia.Weoptedforparliamen~democracy,incorporatingbasictendsofhumanrights
in
ourConstitution.
It
providedfordifferenttiersoflegislaturestofacilitateandensureresponsiveandaccountableadministrationatcentre,andinthestate.Unfortunately,weendedupwithapoliticalleadershipthatbetrayedthevery:spiritofdemocracyandremindsusoftheinstitutionofmonarchy.Perhaps,worsethanthat.Overone-thirdofourfellowcountrymenaretoilingunderextremepovertyandaredeprivedoftheirfundamentalrights.About80millionofouryoungmenandwomenaregroaningunderthe
yoke
ofunemployment.
On
theotherhand,thepoliticaldispensation,particularly,ourelectedrepresentativesaregettingricherandricher.
This
bringsdemocracy,weswearby,todisreputeandshame.Theverypurpose
of
Democracy
will
be
defeated
if
itspeople.donotgettheirshareinpoliticalpower,positionsandopportunities.Socialjustice
is
whatweshareinpoliticalpower,positionsandopportunities.
Social
justice
is
whatweareseekingforthepeopleofIndia.Ademocracythat
is
notcommittedto
social
justice
is
not
worthhaving.Democracyand
social
justicelinkedbecauseofthehugedisparitybetweenpeopleandtherulingclasses.Thecountrygotfreedomfromcolonialrulers60yearsagobutthepeopleofthe
India
continuetobeoppressedbyneo-feudalism
which
is
drivencastedominance.Theusheringofthemoderneraand
 
democraticsystemofgovernancemadenodifferencetoconcentrationofpoweramongafewforwardcastes.Thesecasteswhichcompriseamere20percentofpopulationhavedominatedover80percentofthepeople.Thefeudalsdonnedthegarbofdemocracyandcontinuedtomonopolisepoliticalandeconomicpower
in
thepost-colonialera.Theirholdwaslegitimizedbyelectionswhichtheymanipulatedwiththehelpoftheirimmenseeconomicpower.Politicalpowerfuelledtheireconomicpowerandviceversa,generationaftergeneration.Oneexample
is
sufficient
to
demonstratetheprevailinginjusticecausedbycastehegemony.Outof109seatsinTelanganainthepresentAPAssembly,forwardcasteswhoconstituteamere10percent,occupy72percentofseatswhile90percentofthepeoplehavetobecontentWith28percentofseats.While
SCs
andSTs(comprising15
%
and9
%
respectively)arefairlyrepresentedthankstothereservationpolicy,theBesandminoritiesareworstaffected.
BCs
whocomprise52percentofpopulationhaveamere16percentoftheseatsandminoritieswith14percentpopulationhaveonly5
per
cent.Amongthe
BCs,
whilethenumericallylargercasteslikeMunnuruKapu,Goud,Yadava,Mudiraj,Padmashalihavemanagedtogetsomerepresentation,thesmallerCasteslikeWaddera,Rajaka,Boya,Gondu,etcsofarhavehadnorepresentationintheAssembly.Politicalrepresentation
is
onlyoneaspectofsocialjustice.Theotheraspectsincludesocio-economicwell-being,opportunitiesforgrowth,emancipationandempowerment.
Social
justicemeansliberationfromilliteracy,genderdisparity,povertyanddependency.
Social
justicemeans
that
the
last
person
in
societyliveswithself-respectand
in
s~lf-sufficiency.Thestateshoulddirectallitsresourcesandenergiestowardsempowermentofthedeprived.
This
meansthatthegovernment

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