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-الواجب

-الواجب

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Published by anon-406328

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Published by: anon-406328 on Sep 04, 2008
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10/06/2009

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TurkyIs global warming really happening? If so, should we try to stop it?Global warming is a critical issue that concerns all people. The greatest problemthat we have is that we are uncertain about the effects that global warming will cause.We are not sure if global warming will happen in the next few years. However,numbers of scientists are divided when it comes to discussing this specific issue.Some believe that global warming poses a major threat to our future if it continues toincrease and raises the earth’s atmospheric temperatures, and the melting of the polar ice caps could become a reality. This would cause serious devastation to many parts of the world. There would be floods, record heat waves, and destruction of life. If thisscenario is likely to happen then we should be worried about this issue. Others arguethat there is insufficient evidence as yet that global warming is taking place. In myopinion it is just as serious as an international issue as any war. Therefore, we shouldworry about it because there is enough evidence that global warming is happening andit may cause changes to climatic and weather patterns and rises in the sea level.Bryce Mortlock in his article "History's Lesson is to keep a cool head on globalwarming "(1998) asserts several arguments in defence of his view that we should notworry about global warming because of temperature fluctuations; besides, he says,there is not enough evidence that global warming is occurring and that warmer  periods are better than colder periods. He claims that temperatures have beenfluctuating violently for the last 100,000 years and that in the past the climate hasfluctuated between long cold periods interrupted by short warm periods (Mortlock 1998, p 12). This may be true, but his other points are contentions. His claim that
 
global warming is not happening. It is not a convincing argument for several reasons.First of all, Scientists offer very precise historical measurements and have reached theconclusion that the global average of the temperature has increased by “about 0.5degrees centigrade over the past 100 years" (Alley et al 2007, p 3). Second, accordingto the Notional Resource Defense Council website <www.nrdc.org/globalWarming>,the average temperature is rising every year and is expected to be five to 10 degreeshigher by the end of the century, a faster rate of increase than has occurred in the lastten millennia (Ibid). In addition, they also confirm that since the start of the industrialrevolution, "atmospheric concentrations of CO2, CH4 and NO have increased by30%, 145% and 15% respectively"(Ibid). Third, the report of the CSIRO which hasused computer models to determine the impact of global warming in South Australiafrom now until 2070(Adelaide now stark on climate 2006), indicates that the negativeeffect of the changes to weather patterns to 2070 would be mainly on the dryinland(Ibid). By 2070, average temperatures over the north of the state could rise byas much as six degrees(Ibid). For example, the CSIRO report predicts averagetemperatures in South Australia will raise "up to 4.7C by 2070, up from the predictionof 4.4C as outlined in the 2003 report" (Phillips 2006, p3). In the meantime, rainfallwill decrease by up to 35 per cent, up from predictions of 30 per cent in 2003 (Phillips2006, p3). Moreover, if a warming climate continues to melt polar caps, port Adelaidewill be under water by the end of the century (Jenkin 2006, p 3). Therefore, BryceMortlock is wrong because there is sufficient evidence that global warming ishappening, that it is inevitable, and the impacts are becoming increasingly obvious, sowe should be worried about it because temperatures are increasing dramatically in our globe.
 
 Bryce Mortlock also claims that warmer periods are better than colder periods. Thismight be true, but it is not a convincing argument because warmer periods mayunexpectedly bring about glacial periods (Mortlock 1998, p12).
 
Robert Lee Hotz inhis article "Greenland's Ice Sheet Is Slip-Sliding Away" (2006) believes that themassive glaciers in Greenland are deteriorating twice as fast as they were five yearsago. If the ice thaws totally, sea level would rise about 6 metres (Hotz 2006).Furthermore, Thom Hartmann in his article "How global warming may cause the nextice age "(2004), argues that instead of warming we might face a glacial period in thenext few years, and. as a result many people will not have a place to live and somemay die. As evidence of this he cites possible changes in the Great Conveyor Beltthat is, the global movement of sea water which presently helps keep both Europeand North America warmer (Hartmann 2004). He describes the process by which thewarm water of the Great Conveyor Belt comes from the Pacific to the Atlantic because of the sea level in the Atlantic which is slightly lower than in the Pacific.Therefore, when water reaches Greenland, it cools and sinks because it is saline, andagain returns to the Pacific (Hartmann 2004). Further, he points out that ice inGreenland is melting, so the sea level in the Atlantic is rising and becoming less saltyand less colder , so it does not sink and return to the Pacific. The consequence of thescenario described by Hartmann is that if global warming continues then the GreatConveyor Belt might stop, and the weather in Europe and North America might be socold that we might face another next ice age (Hartmann 2004 ). His assessment of the possible outcome of weather change is contrary to that of Bryce Mortlock who iswrong because there is sufficient data to prove that warmer periods are not better thancolder periods because the melting of the icebergs could lead to the next ice age. So itis apparent that regardless of the predicted scenario, human actions are changing

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