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Arun Organ Donation Abstract -Arun

Arun Organ Donation Abstract -Arun

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organ donation misconception
organ donation misconception

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Published by: ARUN JOSE (08156864174) on May 09, 2011
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01/29/2013

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arunpiravom1986@yahoo.in
Knowledge and Attitude of Adults RegardingCommon Misconceptions Involved in OrganDonation
Arun Jose
*
 
Knowledge and Attitude of Adults Regarding Common MisconceptionsInvolved in Organ Donation at Selected Urban Community, Bengaluru
 Abstract:
Organ Donation is a boon to medical industry as it has helped in saving the lives of thosewho would have died otherwise. There is a great need for human organs for transplantation. In fact,the need far exceeds the supply of transplantable organs. There are several reasons for the shortageof organs. Perhaps the most common reason is that people are hesitant to donate organs because they
don’t have adequate knowledge regarding it. In other cases people don’t wishes to donate his or her 
organs may be due to the false beliefs surrounding organ donation.
 Objectives:
To assess the existing knowledge regarding organ donation among adults. To assess theattitude regarding organ donation among adults. To correlate knowledge with attitude regardingorgan donation among adults. To associate knowledge and attitude of adults regarding organdonation with their selected demographic variables
 Findings:
 Assessment of level of knowledge showed that majority 52.22% had moderate knowledge,only 5.56 % had adequate knowledge and 42.22% of persons had inadequate knowledge regardingorgan donation. Assessment of attitude revealed that the majority 50% had neutral attitude and only6.67% had favorable attitude towards organ donation. The correlation between the knowledge and attitude showed that there was a highly positive correlation. There was a statistically significant association found between level of knowledge and demographic variables such as age, educationalstatus, occupation, family income and source of information regarding organ donation at p< 0.05and when compared with attitude also the same demographic variables were significant .
Conclusion:
 Assessment of knowledge and attitude of organ donation revealed that there wasmoderate knowledge and neutral attitude towards organ donation among the urban adults. So thestudy concluded that there is prevalence of misconception regarding organ donation among the urbanadults which prevents them in donation of their organs.
Introduction
For all those who are born, there is one event which is certain and inevitable and that is death. Yet weall live as if we are immortal. When faced with death in the family or in the course of professionalwork we are completely unprepared and rudely shocked out of our illusions. Organ Donation is aboon to medical industry as it has helped in saving the lives of those who would have died otherwise.There is a great need for human organs for transplantation. In fact, the need far exceeds the supply of transplantable organs. There are several reasons for the shortage of organs. Perhaps the most common
reason is that people are hesitant to donate organs because they don’t have adequate knowledgeregarding it. In other cases people don’t wishes to donate his or 
her organs may be due to the falsebeliefs surrounding organ donation. There has been a lack of initiative from the Government after theOrgan transplantation Act was passed. So there is a great need for education and motivation both fromthe part of people as well as government since main reason for organ shortage is just because of improper or incomplete knowledge of people in donating their organ.
 
arunpiravom1986@yahoo.in
Need for the study
Organ transplantation is one of the most spectacular endeavors till date. Medical advances havecontributed tremendously to its success ratio and have led to a significant increase in the number of transplants being performed. But there is shortage for organs and low response to cadaver organdonation. The shortage of organs has been due to the reluctance of many family members to donatedue to fear of the surgery causing loss to their health, smaller nuclear families with unmatchabledonors and a deceased donor programme that is still to evolve fully. Though the first cadaver organtransplant was conducted nearly five years ago in Karnataka, such donations still remain a sporadicevent in the state. Even cricketer Anil Kumble's decision to pledge his organs to society in case of brain death has not motivated the programme. There are over 1.5 lakh people in need of kidneys in thecountry, over one lakh need liver and nearly 50,000 need heart transplant. The researchers ownpersonal experience while working in the clinical setting in which he has seen patients with ESRDwaiting for a donor and many a times they die waiting for the donor. All these prompted theresearcher to select the present study about common misconceptions involved in organ donation.
Statement of the problem
A study to assess the knowledge and attitude of adults regarding common misconceptions involved inorgan donation at selected urban community, Bengaluru, with a view to develop a pamphlet.
Assumption
 
Demand for organs is growing but it is not in equilibrium with the supply of organ because people arehesitant to donate organs. Lack of knowledge and common misconceptions regarding organ donationmay have an influence in the level of attitude in donating their organ.
Hypotheses
H1 - There is a significant correlation between the knowledge and attitude of adults regarding organdonation.H2 - There is a significant association between the knowledge and attitude score of adults withtheir selected demographic variables.
Conceptual Framework
The conceptual framework for the study is based on Health Belief Model. This model represents how
the health is affected by various factors. In the present study these factors are considered as adult’s
knowledge, ideas and attitude, misconceptions about organ donation which has an influence in organdonation. They may be based on factual information or wrong information. The health belief usually
results from within a person. So, the investigator felt that Becker’s model is suitable as conceptual
framework for this study.
Adult’s knowledge level can be influenced by various fac
tors. The pamphlet which isprepared by the investigator will reinforce those who have adequate knowledge and positive attitudetowards organ donation. Those who with moderate or inadequate knowledge towards organ donation,with neutral and negative attitude towards organ donation it will act as a source of information. Thepamphlet will increase awareness, clarifies the doubts, and removes misconceptions, which in turnincrease the knowledge, develops positive attitude towards organ donation and it can be assessed forfurther research which is not included in the present study.
 
arunpiravom1986@yahoo.in
Review of literature
The literature reviewed for the present study was divided under following headings.1)Studies relatedto misconceptions involved in organ donation,2) Studies related to adults knowledge and attitudetowards organ donation,3) Studies related to nurses role in promoting organ donation.A descriptive study conducted at the Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine,University of Gottingen on public attitudes toward organ donation and its commercialization on 120urban people. The study found that current political and legal discourse neglects the central role oreciprocity for lay people and patients. Lake of awareness and misconception is the main cause forshortage of organ.A descriptive study conducted at university of Delhi analyzed the opinion and understandingof adult patients about organ donation and transplantation among 347 samples voluntarily completed aquestionnaire with 17 queries concerning organ donation. The study concluded that lack of interestand moderately positive attitude of patients toward organ donation and lack of attitude is because of the prevalence of misconception.A pilot study conducted at Mumbai regarding knowledge and attitudes of adolescent studentstowards organ donation. Students completed a self-administered questionnaire after a lecture. Thequestionnaire included all aspects of organ donation such as promoting factors, need, misconceptionsetc. the study found that only 35.5% were willing to donate organs and the fear of medical negligence,financial problems etc. were the preventing factors in organ donation. The study concluded thatStudents' had a lack of information and misconceptions about organ donation.
Key:
 =
included in the study
..…….
 =
not included in the study
 
. Increase awareness. Clarifies the doubts. Removes misconceptions. Develops positive attitudetowards organ donationPerceivedbarrier
. Moderate orInadequateKnowledge. Neutral orUnfavorableattitude
 Pamphlet on Organ Donation.
Meaning, Need, Organs WhichCan Be Donated, Myths andFacts.
 
 
Cues of action-
Advice from others, media exposure,previous experience and family history of organ donation
 
Perceivedbenefit.
AdequateKnowledge.FavorableAttitude
Individual FactorsModifying FactorsLikelihood of Action
Demographic variables suchas age, gender, education,religion, family income,occupation, marital statusand history of organdonation in the family.Organ shortage&
Individual’s
misconceptionsPerceivedKnowledge andAttituderegarding organdonation
Figure 1:-Modified Conceptual Framework Based on
Rosenstoch’s (1974) Becker’s (1978) Health Belief Model
 
. Adults Need o AcquireKnowledge on organdonation and Need toHave Positive Attitude. Investigator prepares apamphlet on organdonation and distributes.

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Jeanne James added this note
good job but u din't weave anything 2 the life of others we are not able to use ur research work as a review of litrerature for our studies
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