Need for the study
Organ transplantation is one of the most spectacular endeavors till date. Medical advances havecontributed tremendously to its success ratio and have led to a significant increase in the number of transplants being performed. But there is shortage for organs and low response to cadaver organdonation. The shortage of organs has been due to the reluctance of many family members to donatedue to fear of the surgery causing loss to their health, smaller nuclear families with unmatchabledonors and a deceased donor programme that is still to evolve fully. Though the first cadaver organtransplant was conducted nearly five years ago in Karnataka, such donations still remain a sporadicevent in the state. Even cricketer Anil Kumble's decision to pledge his organs to society in case of brain death has not motivated the programme. There are over 1.5 lakh people in need of kidneys in thecountry, over one lakh need liver and nearly 50,000 need heart transplant. The researchers ownpersonal experience while working in the clinical setting in which he has seen patients with ESRDwaiting for a donor and many a times they die waiting for the donor. All these prompted theresearcher to select the present study about common misconceptions involved in organ donation.
Statement of the problem
A study to assess the knowledge and attitude of adults regarding common misconceptions involved inorgan donation at selected urban community, Bengaluru, with a view to develop a pamphlet.
Demand for organs is growing but it is not in equilibrium with the supply of organ because people arehesitant to donate organs. Lack of knowledge and common misconceptions regarding organ donationmay have an influence in the level of attitude in donating their organ.
H1 - There is a significant correlation between the knowledge and attitude of adults regarding organdonation.H2 - There is a significant association between the knowledge and attitude score of adults withtheir selected demographic variables.
The conceptual framework for the study is based on Health Belief Model. This model represents how
the health is affected by various factors. In the present study these factors are considered as adult’s
knowledge, ideas and attitude, misconceptions about organ donation which has an influence in organdonation. They may be based on factual information or wrong information. The health belief usually
results from within a person. So, the investigator felt that Becker’s model is suitable as conceptual
framework for this study.
Adult’s knowledge level can be influenced by various fac
tors. The pamphlet which isprepared by the investigator will reinforce those who have adequate knowledge and positive attitudetowards organ donation. Those who with moderate or inadequate knowledge towards organ donation,with neutral and negative attitude towards organ donation it will act as a source of information. Thepamphlet will increase awareness, clarifies the doubts, and removes misconceptions, which in turnincrease the knowledge, develops positive attitude towards organ donation and it can be assessed forfurther research which is not included in the present study.