You must be able to explain the main factors influencing the typeand rate of weathering:
Climate and rock features (mineral composition, grain sizeof the rock,presence of lines of weakness).
The influence of climate on the rate ofweathering could beillustrated with reference to simple explanation as towhyweathering is more rapid in humid tropical regions of theworld thanin temperate regions.
± The rate at which water can either be stored in arock or is able to pass through it.
± A rock (e.g. chalk) which has many pore spacesand therefore can store much water.
± The horizontal junctions between layers of arock.
± Lines of weakness at right angles to bedding planes.
Page 248 ± Study Carboniferous limestone and you can understand thevarious factors whichinfluence the rate of weathering in rocks.
You must have learnt the
, whichincludes the following terms:
ater vapour, condensation, precipitation,interception, evapotranspiration, infiltration, throughflow,percolation, groundwater flow, surface run-off
Know that the water cycle has a series if inputs, outputs, transfersand storage.River Drainage basin:
Know the definitions of
mouth, delta, confluence,tributary, source, watershed
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