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7 - Weather & Climate iGCSE

7 - Weather & Climate iGCSE

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Published by Andy Funnell

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Published by: Andy Funnell on May 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/11/2011

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Weather & Climate Unit
Topic Key Points
Case Studies/Examples
1.
 
Weather & Climate
You must know the difference between Weather & Climate:
y
 
Weather
± The short term variations and conditions inthe earth¶s atmosphere.
y
 
Climate
± The average temperature and rainfall of alocation over a longer period of time (1-30 years).Be able to give examples of weather & climate:
y
 
Weather ± Sunny, cloudy, rain, windy
y
 
Climate ± Desert, Tropical, Polar, Temperate
2
.
 
M
easuring theweather
You must be able to draw, label and explain how each of thefollowing instruments work:
y
 
S
tevenson
S
creen
y
 
ain Gauge
y
 
M
aximum/
M
inimum Thermometer
y
 
Web & Dry bulb thermometer
y
 
B
arometer
y
 
A
nemometer
y
 
Wind Vane
For each:
y
 
Be able to describe and explain the most
ideal siting
foreach instrument.
y
 
K
now what results/readings the user will obtain and theunits of measurement.
 
3
.
 
Climate Climate Graphs
y
 
K
now how to read them.
y
 
Comment on the Peak Rainfall/Temperature,Wettest/Driest Month, Highest/Lowest temperature,degree of fluctuation throughout the year.Factors that Affect Climate:
y
 
The Hadley Cell
± Be able to sketch this and explainhow different latitudes receive varying amounts of rainfall.
y
 
Make sure you can locate areas of 
low pressure
 (equator ± evaporation) and the areas of 
high pressure
 (tropics ± dry air sinks).Factors that affect temperature:
y
 
L
atitude
y
 
Distance from the sea
y
 
Prevailing winds
y
 
O
cean currents
y
 
A
ltitude
Be able to explain how each of these affect temperature.
Page 211
4
.
 
Clouds & 
ain
K
now the 4 different types of cloud:
y
 
Cumulus
(cauliflower)
y
 
S
tratus
(blanket)
y
 
Cirrus
(Thin wispy cloud)
y
 
Cumulonimbus
(Large dark storm clouds)Cloud cover is measure in eights, or oktas.
Page 202-203
 
 
K
now the different types of rainfall. Be able to draw diagramsfor each:
y
 
elief 
ainfall
y
 
F
rontal
ainfall
y
 
Convectional
ainfall
5
.
 
Tropical
ainforest
Many are found in the
equatorial regions
, which lie just northand south of the equator (within 5Û).
y
 
Thinking about the Hadley Cell, these are the locationswhere clouds are being blown north and south areproducing a lot of rain.
y
 
Be able to sketch a climate graph for the Amazonrainforest (page 212).
y
 
Make sure you can describe the daily pattern for theweather in this regionMake sure you can describe the characteristics of theseregions:
y
 
High
biodiversity
 
y
 
K
now the structure of the rainforest (Shrub, canopy & emergent layers etc)
y
 
Flora & Fauna (Plant & animal) adaptations (e.g. lianas,drip tip leaves, emergent layer.
y
 
Many human values to the rainforest (resources,medicine, tourism etc.)
y
 
I
ndigenous people.
Page 213Page 232

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