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Tobacco

Tobacco

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Published by Rick Karlin

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Published by: Rick Karlin on May 09, 2011
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10-4265(L)Oneida Nation of New York v. Cuomo
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS12FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT34 56August Term, 201078(Argued: March 15, 2011 Decided: May 9, 2011)910Docket Nos. 10-4265(L); 10-4272(con); 10-4598(con);1110-4758(con); 10-4477(XAP); 10-4976(XAP); 10-4981(XAP)1213 1415O
NEIDA
N
ATION OF
N
EW
Y
ORK
,1617
Plaintiff-Appellee
,1819S
ENECA
N
ATION OF
I
NDIANS
,
 
S
T
.
 
R
EGIS
M
OHAWK
T
RIBE
,
 
U
NKECHAUGE
I
NDIAN
20N
ATION
,2122
Plaintiffs-Appellees-Cross-Appellants,
2324–v.–2526A
NDREW
M.
 
C
UOMO
,
 
in his official capacity as Governor of New27York,
 
T
HOMAS
H.
 
M
ATTOX
,
 
in his official capacity as Acting28Commissioner of the N.Y. Department of Taxation & Finance,29R
ICHARD
E
RNST
,
 
in his official capacity as Deputy Commissioner30for the Office of Tax Enforcement for the N.Y. Department of31Taxation & Finance,3233
Defendants-Appellants
,3435J
OHN
M
ELVILLE
,
 
in his official capacity as Acting36Superintendent, New York State Police,
 
3738
Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Appellee
,3940C
AYUGA
I
NDIAN
N
ATION OF
N
EW
Y
ORK
,4142
Intervenor-Appellant.
4344
Case: 10-4265 Document: 224 Page: 1 05/09/2011 283691 53
 
2 12Before:W
ESLEY
,
 
C
HIN
,
 
and
 
L
OHIER
,
 
Circuit Judges
.34Consolidated and expedited appeals from three district5court proceedings in which Plaintiffs sought to enjoin6enforcement of 2010 amendments to New York’s tax law: (1)7Plaintiff Seneca Nation of Indians and Intervenor Cayuga8Indian Nation of New York appeal from an order of the United9States District Court for the Western District of New York10(Arcara,
.), which denied their motion for a preliminary11injunction; (2) Plaintiffs St. Regis Mohawk Tribe and12Unkechauge Indian Nation appeal from an order of the United13States District Court for the Western District of New York14(Arcara, J.), which denied their motion for a preliminary15injunction; and (3) New York State Defendants appeal from an16order of the United States District Court for the Northern17District of New York (Hurd,
J.
), which granted plaintiff18Oneida Nation of New York’s motion for a preliminary19injunction.2021Plaintiffs all argue that New York’s amended tax law22interferes with their tribal sovereignty and violates their23immunity from state taxation. We conclude that none of the24Plaintiffs has demonstrated a likelihood of success on the25merits. Thus, we hold that the Northern District abused its26discretion in granting the Oneida Nation an injunction and27the Western District properly denied injunctions to the28Seneca Nation, Cayuga Nation, Unkechauge Nation, and Mohawk29Tribe.3031The order of the Northern District is V
ACATED
. The two32orders of the Western District are A
FFIRMED
. All stays33pending appeal are V
ACATED
and the cases are R
EMANDED
.3435 3637RIYAZ
 
A.
 
KANJI (Cory J. Albright, Zach Welcker,38Kanji & Katzen, PLLC; Christopher Karns, Owen39Herne, Seneca Nation of Indians Department of40Justice, Salamanca, NY; Carol E. Heckman,41Jeffrey A. Wadsworth, David T. Archer, Harter42Secrest & Emery LLP, Buffalo, NY,
on the
43
brief 
), Kanji & Katzen, PLLC, Ann Arbor, MI,44
for Plaintiff-Appellee-Cross-Appellant
 
Seneca
45
Nation of Indians
.46
Case: 10-4265 Document: 224 Page: 2 05/09/2011 283691 53
 
3DAVID W. DEBRUIN (Scott B. Wilkens, Joshua M.1Segal, Jenner & Block, LLP; Daniel French, Lee2Alcott, French-Alcott, PLLC, Syracuse, NY,
on
3
the brief 
), Jenner & Block, LLP, Washington,4D.C.,
for Intervenor-Appellant Cayuga Indian
5
Nation of New York.
67JAMES M. WICKS (George C. Pratt, Hillary A.8Frommer, Farrell Fritz, P.C.; James F.9Simermeyer, New York, NY
, on the brief 
),10Farrell Fritz, P.C., Uniondale, NY,
for 
11
Plaintiff-Appellee-Cross-Appellant Unkechauge
12
Indian Nation.
1314MICHAEL L. ROY (Marsha K. Schmidt,
on the brief 
),15Hobbs, Straus, Dean & Walker, LLP, Washington,16D.C.,
for Plaintiff-Appellee-Cross-Appellant
17
St. Regis Mohawk Tribe.
1819MICHAEL R. SMITH (R. Miles Clark, Zuckerman20Spaeder, LLP; Peter D. Carmen, Meghan Murphy21Beakman, Oneida Nation Legal Department,22Verona, NY; Daniel F. Katz, Dennis M. Black,23Williams & Connolly, LLP, Washington D.C.,
on
24
the brief 
), Zuckerman Spaeder LLP, Washington,25D.C.,
for Plaintiff-Appellee Oneida Nation of 
26
New York
.27
 
28ANDREW D. BING (Eric T. Schneiderman, Attorney29General of the State of New York, Barbara D.30Underwood, Solicitor General, Alison J.31Nathan, Special Counsel to the Solicitor32General, Steven C. Wu, Assistant Solicitor33General,
on the brief)
, Deputy Solicitor34General
, for Defendants-Appellants Andrew M.
35
Cuomo, Thomas H. Mattox, Richard Ernst, and 
36
Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Appellee John
37
Melville.
3839MICHAEL T. FEELEY (Lisa A. Coppola,
on the brief 
),40Rupp, Baase, Pfalzgraf, Cunningham & Coppola41LLC, Buffalo, NY,
for Amicus Curiae Akwesasne
42
Convenience Store Association.
434445
Case: 10-4265 Document: 224 Page: 3 05/09/2011 283691 53

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