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Liberals and Conservatives 1846-1895 - Major Events

Liberals and Conservatives 1846-1895 - Major Events

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Published by Will Thong
An overview of the OCR AS History Liberals and Conservatives course. It covers major events and is colour-coded by theme and ministry, but does not go into any depth on each event, nor does it necessarily present events which may have occurred in the same year in the correct order.
An overview of the OCR AS History Liberals and Conservatives course. It covers major events and is colour-coded by theme and ministry, but does not go into any depth on each event, nor does it necessarily present events which may have occurred in the same year in the correct order.

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Published by: Will Thong on May 09, 2011
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Conservatives and Liberals 1846-1895 Major Events
Key
Political ReformEconomic ReformForeign AffairsParty / Parliamentary AffairsReligionSocial ReformIreland Army Reforms1832Great Reform Act (£10 Householders)1841Peel beat the Whigs in G.E.1846Corn Laws repealed despite 1841 promise to the contrary from PeelPeelites split from Conservatives following failure of a routine Irish Coercion BillRussell's 1st Ministry began1848Sugar Act removed trading privileges from British sugar planters in the West IndiesEuropean revolutions knocked out the French monarchy Last major Chartist demonstrations ended on Kensington Common1849Repeal of Navigation Laws; allowed overseas traders to use non-British Merchant Navy ships to transport goods1850Don Pacifico Affair; Palmerston blockaded Greek navy in favour of technically-British moneylender Don PacificoGladstone visited Ferdinand II's Kingdom of Naples; he called it “the negation of God”1851Great ExhibitionRussell's Reform Bill (a modest £6 proposal) diedReligious Census: half of churchgoers were found to be nonconformists
 
Palmerston sacked as Foreign Secretary at Victoria and Albert's requestEcclesiastical Titles Bill; prevented RC bishops from taking the same names as CofE counterpartsDisraeli became Leader of the Conservatives in the Commons1852Russell's Reform Bill died with Ministry FebruaryDerby's 1st Ministry began, the Who? Who? Ministry with Disraeli as ChancellorConservatives officially dropped protection policy Disraeli's Budget reduced malt tax and sugar tax but extended income tax to lower incomes; destroyed by GladstoneDecemberAberdeen's 1st Ministry began: Whig-Peelite coalition with Glad. as Chancellor and Palmerston as Home Secretar1853Gladstone's (really good) Budget removed duties on 123 articles, reducing them on 133 othersOctober1854Crimean War started; Britain fought with France vs. Russia's move into Turkish territory due to Aberdeen's hesitationReform Bill died with outbreak of Crimean WarRepeal of Newspaper tax1855Poor strategy from the Crimean War generals led to the removal of Aberdeen by a vote in ParliamentPalmerston's 1st Ministry began, a Whig administrationRepeal of advertising taxFebruary1856Crimean War ended with the Treaty of Paris1857British seized the Chinese-owned vessel, The Arrow, which led to the shelling of Canton and Cobden's vote of censurePenal Servitude Act abolished penal transportationIndian Mutiny started; causes: resentment at British expansionism, governance (e.g. outlawing suttee) and troops' pay JuneMassacre of women and children at Cawnpore1858Indian Mutiny endedOrsini Affair with Palmerston's Conspiracy to Murder Bill failingDerby's 2nd Ministry began
 
1859Disraeli's Reform Bill (fancy franchises) failed6 JuneWillis' Rooms Meetings to discuss Government's Italian policy Palmerston's 2nd Ministry began, the first Liberal administration; Milner Gibson, Radical, put in Cabinet1860Free Trade Treaty with France, helped by Cobden at Gladstone's requestGladstone's Budget removed almost all tarriffs, leaving only 48 itemsRussell's Reform Bill failed1861Repeal of Paper Duty 1862The
 Alabama
Incident; this Southern ship left an english pork and went on to attack Northern states' ships1863Palmerston's pleas for the Russians to stop treating Polish rebels harshly were ignored1864Garibaldi visited England, but speaking tour cut short by Palmerston for fear of democratic unrestSugar and tea duties lowered18 October1865Palmerston's death; predicted Gladstone's “strange doings”Russell's 2nd Ministry beganSugar and tea duties lowered again1866Timber duty abolishedGladstone and Russell's moderate Reform Bill killed by AdullamitesDerby's 3rd Ministry began, a minority administration1867Disraeli proposed a Reform Bill AprilTea Room Revolt against Gladstone over Disraeli's new BillDisraeli's Reform Bill passed as the 2nd Reform Act1868Disraeli's 1st Ministry began with Derby's retirement due to ill healthGladstone's 1st Ministry began after a General Election with Robert Lowe as ChancellorNational Union of Conservative Associations set up

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