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Merkyte2005Liga

Merkyte2005Liga

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Published by: cucutenilit on May 09, 2011
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ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA Vol.
76;
1,
2005
ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA SUPPLENIENTA VI
CliXT"E
OF WORLDARCHAEOLOGY
(Cltil)
-
PUBLICATIONS
2
LIGA
COPPER AGE STRATEGIES
IN
BULGARIA
1
Fieldwork carried out under the Auspecies ofVincislav Gergov, Telish Museum
&'
Havs Randsborg, Universip of CopenhagenEdited
by
Havs Randsborg
INGA
MERKYTE
with contributions
by
SBREN ALBEK, JESPER SBRENSEN BSTERGAARD
&
PETAR ZIDAROV
supported
by
Maya Dimitrova, Rumen Peykov
&
fieldworkers
BLACKWELL MUNKSGAARD
2005
 
EDITORIAL PREFACE
Excavations and field investigations at the fifth millen-nium BC settlement of Lıˆga and other Late CopperAge sites near Telish in Northern Bulgaria took placein 2000, 2001, and 2002. They were based on archae-ological activities started already in the mid-1940s.Important excavations were in recent times also car-ried out by Vencislav Gergov of Telish Museum, thelocal collaborator and gracious co-director of thepresent project. However, only little information onearlier efforts has been published till date, not evenmaps of excavation.Maya Dimitrova (Museum of Lovech), Rumen Pey-kov (Veliko Tarnovo), and Petar Zidarov (Sofia andTübingenuniversities)area few ofthemanyBulgariancollaborators most valuable to the project. Thanks arealsoaddressedtoSvilenMakchev,Vania Ivanova,AsiaYordanova,CvetelinCvetkov,NikolajKristanov,Rad-ka Zlateva-Uzunova, and Yulij Stoyanov. Their dedi-cation, insight and energy have been indispensable incarrying the huge burden of very hard fieldwork, in-cluding detailed recording in the field. Very manyother Bulgarians participated, students, assistants, andlocal workers, lead by the indefatigable veteran of thecampaigns, ‘‘Bai Ivan’’ (Ivan Ivanov, aged 74). Grati-tude also goes to the ‘‘Sofia families’’ of the Danes, Pet-ia & Emo Stoyanovs and Bogdana, Nikola & MarianaZidarovs and the ‘‘Telish one’’ of the Todor & Rumi-ana Petkovs, all making stays most agreeable andhelped solve many problems.From the Danish side, the undersigned accepted toact as director of the project and later on as executiveeditor of the publication. Funding was critical. TheMunksgaard Foundation, Copenhagen provided cru-cial support, but heavy financial burdens of both ex-cavation and post-excavation work were coveredmainly privately by the Danish participants. V. Ger-gov accepted a honorarium, while the other partici-pants worked for only a limited (Bulgarians) or nosalary at all (Danes). Centre of World Archaeology(CWA, www.worldarchaeology.net), with Acta Ar-chaeologica, provided the means of publication, sup-ported by the Beckett-foundation, Copenhagen (witha late unquoted donation for Acta Archaeologica75:1, 2004).The executive director of the project is Inga Mer-kyte, supported in particular by Søren Albek and Jes-per Sørensen Østergård from the Danish side (all of the Archaeology division, SAXO-Institute, Universityof Copenhagen). Merkyte has also been in charge of – and herself undertaken – most of the Titanic post-excavation work, as well as several in depth techno-logical and other analyses extending to extensivecomparative studies, even ethnographical observa-tions. A number of specialists, acknowledged in thetext, have assisted in various analyses. Unless other-wise stated, the chapters of the publication are byMerkyte and adhere to the general bibliography atthe end of the volume. For reasons of convenience,other contributions have bibliographies of their own.The Lıˆga Project was carried out by postgraduateand undergraduate students from a variety of aca-demic fields. It demonstrates the international poten-tial and engagement of an emerging generation of European archaeologists, willing to acquire new skillsin languages, archaeological science, and organiza-tion, and having the audacity to put these to work innew fields. Lıˆga is also one of the most detailed settle-ment excavations ever in the Balkans. It has revealedstunning results in terms of household organizationand social life in the Copper Age. The data are ex-tremely plentiful and rich due to exceptional con-ditions of find. In almost all areas are important newobservations, including a cemetery from the CopperAge
π
. A particular feature is individuality of taste,revealed between contemporary households. This factalone is a challenge to traditional ceramic chron-ology – the latter tending to read ‘‘time’’ into diver-sity. Indeed, Lıˆga demonstrates the particular utilityof digging well and having a wide perspective of things.It is hoped that Lıˆga will become a reference pointin Balkan archaeological research; although a smallsite, and a limited excavation, it is of European sig-nificance, not least because of its location on the‘‘Bridge to Europe’in the crucial fifth millenniumBC. The Danes are very grateful for their Bulgarianlink and collaboration, which incorporate many indi- viduals and institutions, including the Institute of Ar-
 
6
Acta Archaeologica 
chaeology, Sofia, and are reaching government levels,including the former Bulgarian minister of culture,Ivan Marazov, a friend. In 2000, the Queen of Den-mark, Margrethe II opened an exibition on Lıˆga atthe Bulgarian National Museum, sponsored by theDanish Foreign Ministry.
Klavs Randsborg 

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