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Extraction of Oil From Jatropha Seeds(Final Report)2011 Batch-Vishvakarma Collage, Chandkheda

Extraction of Oil From Jatropha Seeds(Final Report)2011 Batch-Vishvakarma Collage, Chandkheda

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Published by: ankit_28390 on May 10, 2011
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EXTRACTION OF OIL FROM JETROPHA SEEDS
 
2011
 
VGEC, CHANDKHEDA1
CHAPTER: 1INTRODUCTION
 
EXTRACTION OF OIL FROM JETROPHA SEEDS
 
2011
 
VGEC, CHANDKHEDA2
Introduction
1.1
 
WHAT IS JATROPHA?
y
 
Scientifically known as Jatropha curcas L.
y
 
Locally known as ³tuba-tuba´, ³tubing´, ³bakod´, ³kasla´.
y
 
A non-edible plant that grows mostly in tropical countries like the Philippines.
y
 
Drought resistant.
y
 
Easily be planted and propagated.
y
 
One of the higher yielding oil crop.
F
IG: 1 JATROPHA SEEDS
 
EXTRACTION OF OIL FROM JETROPHA SEEDS
 
2011
 
VGEC, CHANDKHEDA3
Jatropha curcas or psychic nut has become a new source of biodiesel. It is native to centralAmerica but is now found in tropical regions of Asia and Africa. Various banks and governmentagencies offer several incentives for Jatropha cultivation.Compared to other vegetable oils like palm oil and sunflower oil, which are expensive, non-edible oil from Jatropha curcas is cheaper. The plant can be grown on arid waste lands. It wasearlier used for fencing as the seeds are poisonous (contain toxalbumin curcin) to human beings,most animals and birds. The plants can grow on any type of oil.The Jatropha seeds are black in color ad two centimeters long. If you purchase Jatrophaseeds, not all seeds will germinate. Jatropha plants can also grow from cuttings. The Jatrophacurcas plant is a small tree or a large shrub which can grow to up to 6 m in height. The rate of growth and yield of seeds depends to a large extent on the rainfall and temperature variations. If the rainfall is plentiful, the plant will start yielding seeds within a year. On an average a plant hasa life of about 50 years. The flowers are usually pollinated by moths at night which are attracted by the scent of the plant.Jatropha curcas is mainly cultivated for extraction of biodiesel and is one of the best sourcesof biofuels. In studies of various biofuels, one hectare of Jatropha Curcas yields 6-8 MTof seeds . One ton of Jatropha Curcas seeds yields 300kg oil products and 700 kg oil cake .Before Jatropha oil is mixed with diesel, it has transesterified. This results in production oglycerin, and disposal of this glycerin is a problem. In India, Jatropha oil is used for poweringfarm equipment and diesel generator. Southern Railway also uses the biofuels Jatropha oil.Jatropha oil is also used for making candles and soap. The seed fruit shell is used as a fuel for  burning. The seed cake that remains after extraction of Jatropha can be used as organic fertilizer or for animal feed. The government plans to reduce the import of petro products by selling amixture of diesel with 5% biodiesel. Jatropha seeds which cost Rs 6 a kg a few years ago cost Rs26 per kg due to increased demand. (as of September 2006)

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