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Maxima and Minima - MA Math Ed - Analysis for teachers - Module 6

Maxima and Minima - MA Math Ed - Analysis for teachers - Module 6

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This is my preparation for Module 6 in Analysis for Teachers ... submitted to Professor RB Astillero...
This is my preparation for Module 6 in Analysis for Teachers ... submitted to Professor RB Astillero...

Published by: Jephthah Malate Orobia on May 10, 2011

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07/14/2013

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JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6
–
Maxima Minima |Page
1
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5

Bicol University Graduate School
Master of Arts in Mathematics EducationAnalysis for Teachers
JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA
Module 6
–
Maxima and Minima
Exercises 6.23.

A closed rectangular box whose base is twice as long as it is wide has a volume of 36,000 cm
3
. Thematerial for the top costs 10 centavos per sq. cm; that for the sides and bottom costs 5 centavos persq. cm. find the dimensions that will make the cost of making the box a minimum.
Solution:
Let and be the length, width and height of the rectangular box, respectively.Hence, but (given), thus:let
be the cost of making the box with respect to it’s width.
But , and, thus:Let , solve for .Therefore, the dimension is
.
To check if it’s th
e minimum:is the minimum.

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6
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4.

A mango-grower observes that if 25 mango trees are planted per hectare, the yield is 450 mangoesper tree and that the yield per tree decreases by 10 for each additional tree per hectare. How manytrees should be planted per hectare to obtain the maximum crop?
Solution:
Let be the number of tress planted and be the number of mangoes per tree, thus:Let be the total number of mangoes obtain, therefore:.Let , solve for .
To check if it’s the maximum:
is the maximum.
5.

Buses are to be chartered for an excursion. The bus company charges P20.00 per ticket if not morethan 200 passengers go with the trip. However, the company agrees to reduce the price of everyticket P0.05 for each passenger in excess of 200 passengers. What number of passengers willproduce the maximum gross income?
Solution:
Let be the number passengers and be the price of the ticket per passenger, thus:Let be the gross income of the bus, therefore:.Let , solve for .
To check if it’s the maximum:
is the maximum
6.

A closed right circular cylindrical tank is to have a capacity of 120m
3
. Find the dimensions of thetank that will require the least amount of material in making it.
Solution:
Let and be the radius of the base and the height of the tank, respectively. Thus:

JEPHTHAH M. OROBIA |Module 6
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Maxima Minima |Page
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The amount of materials needed in making the tank will vary from its Surface Area .Let , solve for :
To check if it’s the m
inimum:is the minimum.
7.

A building with rectangular base is to be constructed on a lot in the form of a right triangle with legs18 m and 24 m. If the building has one side along the hypotenuse of the triangle. Find thedimensions of the base of the building for maximum floor area.
Solution:
Let and be the vertices of the lot whereas is the hypotenuse, andby PT:Let and be the vertices of the base of the building whereas is along the hypotenuseas shown on the right.Let the area of the base be and, thus:Consider and .Consider and .

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