certain commitments to assistin the progress o their case andto respect restrictions on theirparticipation in society, as seenin Box 1 Venezuela, Box 2 NewZealand, Box 5 Hong Kong, Box 10Indonesia, Box 14 Canada and Box16 Australia. Individuals may be
required to undertake a range of
things, including to:
• Appear at immigration hearings or interviews• Undertake acts to assist case resolution• Respect visa or residency status conditions
Aa a a a vw
An individual may be required to commit to appear
at any hearings or ocial interviews with authoritiesregarding their visa application or migration status,as seen in Box 2 New Zealand. Such a commitmentreinorces the importance o attending appointmentsto progress the migration matter and work towardscase resolution. Attendance at such hearings aresometime also used as an opportunity to re-evaluatethe conditions o release in the community should anegative decision on a visa application or other statusbe received.
uak a a a
An individual may be required to commit to
undertake acts to assist in the resolution o
their case. This may include a requirement
to present urther evidence in supporto their claims by a certain date, such asurther documents or witnesses. This mayalso include a commitment to take steps inpreparation or return, such as purchasingtickets to leave the country and applying or a passportor other travel document, as seen in Box 2 NewZealand and Box 16 Australia.
r va a
Another orm o commitment is an undertaking torespect the conditions imposed on them throughthe short-term visa or other temporary status issued.Such a commitment can sometimes place limitationson a person’s participation in the structures osociety, such as limitations on access to social welarebenets, public healthcare or employment; however,there is no evidence that such restrictions encouragecase resolution or compliance. Instead it appears, asdescribed in Section 4.3.3, that the ability to meetbasic needs contributes to community-based caseresolution. Another condition may be that the holder isnot permitted to leave the country without permission.For an example, see Box 10 Indonesia.
Authorities oten make use o monitoring mechanismsto ensure that irregular migrants remain in contactwith authorities and can be located to participate in
the progress of their migration case as required.
Monitoring mechanisms are designed to establish and
maintain a line o communication and to keep track o
an individual’s whereabouts. Monitoring differs from
supervision or case management in that it does notprovide opportunities to communicate or respondto substantial matters, such as changes in a person’s
situation or concerns regarding compliance. Monitoring
• Registration with authorities• Nominated address• Handover of travel documents• Reporting requirements• Directed residence
ra w a
Registration provides authorities with acentral database o all relevant cases andis oten closely linked with the issuingo documentation. This strategy is wellestablished in many countries, however itsuse is still growing in some regions. Forinstance, the use o registration processes withasylum seekers and reugees in Uganda, Zambia andKenya has resulted in ewer people being detainedunnecessarily.
For an example, see Box 10 onIndonesia.
Providing a nominated address can be used in a rangeo ways. Some countries use this mechanism largelyto ensure that all ocial communication about the
Registrationwith authorities:Uganda, Zambia,Kenya, IndonesiaIndividualundertakings: New Zealand,Japan, Philippines,Hong Kong,Canada, Australia,Indonesia