Constraints from deuterium on the formationof icy bodies in the Jovian system and beyond
, Yann Alibert
,Jonathan I. Lunine
and Michel Blanc
Astronomy Group, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK
Observatoire de Besan¸con, Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, BP 1615,25010 Besan¸con Cedex, France
Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Universit´e Paul Sabatier, Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, France
Ecole Polytechnique Palaiseau Cedex, France
We consider the role of deuterium as a potential marker of location and ambientconditions during the formation of small bodies in our Solar system. We concentratein particular on the formation of the regular icy satellites of Jupiter and the othergiant planets, but include a discussion of the implications for the Trojan asteroidsand the irregular satellites. We examine in detail the formation of regular planetarysatellites within the paradigm of a circum-Jovian subnebula. Particular attention ispaid to the two extreme potential subnebulae – “hot” and “cold”. In particular, weshow that, for the case of the ”hot” subnebula model, the D:H ratio in water icemeasured from the regular satellites would be expected to be near-Solar. In contrast,satellites which formed in a “cold” subnebula would be expected to display a D:Hratio that is distinctly over-Solar. We then compare the results obtained with theenrichment regimes which could be expected for other families of icy small bodiesin the outer Solar system – the Trojan asteroids and the irregular satellites. Indoing so, we demonstrate how measurements by Laplace, the James Webb SpaceTelescope, HERSCHEL and ALMA will play an important role in determining thetrue formation locations and mechanisms of these objects.
Solar system formation; Deuterium; Jupiter; Satellites: Regular;Satellites: Irregular; Asteroids: Main Belt; Asteroids: Trojan; Spacecraft.
Preprint submitted to Planetary and Space Science 26 August 2008
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