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Circumstellar Dust Created by Terrestrial Planet Formation in HD 113766

Circumstellar Dust Created by Terrestrial Planet Formation in HD 113766

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Published by: ardeegee on Sep 05, 2008
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Circumstellar Dust Created by Terrestrial PlanetFormation in HD 113766
C. M. Lisse
, C. H. Chen
, M. C. Wyatt
, and A. Morlok 
Submitted to the
Astrophysical Journal 
, 10 April 2007; Accepted 07 September 2007
Planetary Exploration Group, Space Department, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100Johns Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723 carey.lisse@jhuapl.edu
 NOAO, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 cchen@noao.edu
Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK wyatt@ast.cam.ac.uk 
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japanmorlok70@kobe-u.ac.jp
46 Pages, 7 Figures, 3 TablesKey Words:
astrochemistry; infrared: stars; radiation mechanisms: thermal; techniques:spectroscopic; stars: planetary systems: formation, protoplanetary disks
2Proposed Running Title:
Terrestrial Planet Dust Around HD 113766A
Please address all future correspondence, reviews, proofs, etc. to:Dr. Carey M. LissePlanetary Exploration Group, Space DepartmentJohns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory11100 Johns Hopkins RdLaurel, MD 20723240-228-0535 (office) / 240-228-8939 (fax)Carey.Lisse@jhuapl.edu 
We present an analysis of the gas-poor circumstellar material in the HD 113766 binary system(F3/F5, ~16Myr), recently observed by the
Space Telescope. For our study we have usedthe infrared mineralogical model derived from observations of the Deep Impact experiment. Wefind the dust dominated by warm, fine (~1 um) particles, abundant in Mg-rich olivine, crystalline pyroxenes, amorphous silicates, Fe-rich sulfides, amorphous carbon, and colder water-ice. Thewarm dust material mix is akin to an inner main belt asteroid of S-type composition. The ~440 K effective temperature of the warm dust implies that the bulk of the observed material is in a nar-row belt ~1.8 AU from the 4.4 L
central source, in the terrestrial planet-forming region andhabitable zone of the system (equivalent to 0.9 AU in the solar system). The icy dust lies in 2 belts, located at 4-9 AU and at 30–80 AU. The lower bound of warm dust mass in 0.1 - 20
m,dn/da ~ a
particles is very large,
at least 
3 x 10
kg, equivalent to a 320 km radius asteroid of 2.5 g cm
density. Assuming 10m largest particles present, the lower bound of warm dust massis at least 0.5 M
The dust around HD 113766A originates from catastrophic disruption of ter-restrial planet embryo(s) and subsequent grinding of the fragments, or from collisions in a young,extremely dense asteroid belt undergoing aggregation. The persistence of the strong IR excessover the last two decades argues for a mechanism to provide replenishment of the circumstellar material on yearly timescales.

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