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Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for the Chemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and Satellites

Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for the Chemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and Satellites

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05/12/2013

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Schaefer & Fegley 2006 Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for theChemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and Satellites 6/27/2006 5:16:03 PM- 1 -
Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for theChemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and SatellitesByLaura Schaefer 
1,3
andBruce Fegley, Jr.
1-3
 Planetary Chemistry Laboratory, McDonnell Center for the Space SciencesAnd Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesWashington University, One Brookings DriveCampus Box 1169St. Louis, MO 63130-4899 USAlaura_s@wustl.edu  bfegley@wustl.edu Submitted to Icarus27 June 2006Pages: 72Tables: 3Figures:17Appendices: 1
 
Schaefer & Fegley 2006 Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for theChemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and Satellites 6/27/2006 5:16:03 PM- 2 -
Proposed Running Head:
 Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material
Corresponding Author:
 Laura Schaefer Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesCampus Box 1169Washington UniversityOne Brookings Dr.St. Louis, MO 63130-4899laura_s@wustl.edu Phone: (314) 935 – 6310Fax: (314) 935 – 7361
 
Schaefer & Fegley 2006 Outgassing of Ordinary Chondritic Material and Some of its Implications for theChemistry of Asteroids, Planets, and Satellites 6/27/2006 5:16:03 PM- 3 -
Abstract
We used chemical equilibrium calculations to model thermal outgassing of ordinarychondritic material as a function of temperature, pressure, and bulk composition and useour results to discuss outgassing on asteroids and the early Earth. The calculationsinclude ~ 1,000 solids and gases of the elements Al, C, Ca, Cl, Co, Cr, F, Fe, H, K, Mg,Mn, N, Na, Ni, O, P, S, Si, and Ti. The major outgassed volatiles from ordinarychondritic material are CH
4
, H
2
, H
2
O, N
2
, and NH
3
(the latter at conditions wherehydrous minerals form). Contrary to widely held assumptions, CO is never the major C- bearing gas during ordinary chondrite metamorphism. The calculated oxygen fugacity(partial pressure) of ordinary chondritic material is close to that of the quartz – fayalite – iron (QFI) buffer. Our results are insensitive to variable total pressure, variable volatileelement abundances, and kinetic inhibition of C and N dissolution in Fe metal. Our results predict that Earth’s early atmosphere contained CH
4
, H
2
, H
2
O, N
2
, and NH
3
;similar to that used in Miller – Urey synthesis of organic compounds.

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