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MUNN, Nancy D. - Walbiri Iconography

MUNN, Nancy D. - Walbiri Iconography

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34WalbiriIconography
Eachdesignclassisconnectedwithaspecific
SOft
ofeffi-cacy,butcanonlyaid
in
attainingtheendsdesiredwhencre-atedintherightcontextsandaccompanied
by
thesingingofassociatedsongs.Thesingingisacentralfeature,forsingingandpainting(ormoregenerally,theconstructionofdesign-markedsacra)constitutetheessential"coreofritualactionconnectedwiththeancestors;it
is,
inparticular,thesingingthatensurestheefficacyofthedesigns.Someritesmay,
in
fact,consistofnomorethanthesetwoconcurrentactivities,whileothersincludedramatizations,dancingandlarge-scaleceremonialcyclessuchasthelengthyinitiationceremonies.
Yawatyu
Although
yorwatyu
aredesignsoverwhichwomenexerciserights,andwhichareusedinwomen's
yawalyu
ceremonies,theyrefertothesameancestorsasdomen'sdesigns.Therearenodistinctive
yawalyu
tracks."Littlesecrecy
is
attachedto[hedesignsthemselves;theymaybeseenbymarriedmen
an4
byyoungchildrenofbothsexes:Walbirimenregard
ya-
nualyu
as"little"
(wida),
orunimportant,
in
comparisonwiththeirowndesigns.
YawaJyu
canbepaintedonchildren(Plate
2)
andyounggirlsaswelJasonmarriedwomen.Nopersonshouldcere-
[01"5
ofpatrilinealgroupsandforwhomno
banb«
fertility
ceremonies
are
performed.
0
special
Dame
seems
to
beappliedtothesedesigns
asaclass,buttheirlethalfunctions
makethem
peripheral
to
the
basic
ancestralcomplex
that
centerson
life
maintenanceandthe
ties
be-
tween
theWalbiripeople
andtheircountry.The
over-all-structureofthesedesigns,
however
is
the
same
asthat
of
other
gurunsari
designs.
On
djanba,
seeMeggitt
(1955).
3
SeeBerndt
(1950),
whosenorthwesterndesertwomenstresseddis-
tinctive
yawalyu
tracksassociatedwith
yawalyu
women.I
found
thatthe
yawalyu
of
northern
BidjandjarswomenatAreyonga
also
re-
ferred
tospecificancestralwomen.
Plate
2.Achildbeingpaintedwith
yawalyu
designs.Thepainting
is
be-
toaidin
growth.
nially
paintor"sing"
yawatyu
alone;somewomensaidsuchapersonwouldbe
wi'lZggi,
a"wrongdoer."This
j:.i~l?;~tr:ess
aponthebasicsocialityofdesignpaintingischaracter-
 
WalbiriIconography
wasfirstpublished
by
Cornell
UniversityPress
in
itsSymbol,Myth,andRitualseries.TheUniversity
of
Chicago
Press,Chicago60637TheUniversity
ofChicago
Press,
Ltd.,
London
©
1973,1.986
by
Nancy
D.
MuonAllrightsreserved.Published1973University
ofChicagoPressedition
I986
F
Printed
in
theUnitedStatesofAmerica959493
9
1
9
1
9089888786543
;1
I
LibraryofCongress
Cataloging
in
Publication.
Data.Munn,NancyD.,
1931-
Walbiri
iconography.
Reprint.Originallypublished:Jthaca,N.Y.:
Cornell
UniversityPress,1973·Bibliography:
p.
Includesindex.
1:.
Walbiri(Australian
people)
2.
Picrure-writing=-
Australia-NorthernTerritory.
1.
Tide.
[DUn,.W3M8S1986]]o6'.o8g99
1
586,32
0
ISBNO-216--UIIO-S(pbk.)
FortheWalbiriofYuendumu

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