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Reform Movement in Godavari District(1878-1939) An attempt to-wards Social justice.; Prof. p. Ramalakshmi

Reform Movement in Godavari District(1878-1939) An attempt to-wards Social justice.; Prof. p. Ramalakshmi

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Published by kkkotha2366
Dr. Garigipati Rudrayya Chowdary Endowment Lecture - 3

15th. Dec. 1995
Ramachandrapuram

REFORM MOVEMENT IN GODAVARI DISTRICT:
(1878-1939)
AN ATTEMPT TO-WARDS SOCIAL JUSTICE

By

Prof. P. RAMALAKSHMI
Nagarjuna University
Dr. Garigipati Rudrayya Chowdary Endowment Lecture - 3

15th. Dec. 1995
Ramachandrapuram

REFORM MOVEMENT IN GODAVARI DISTRICT:
(1878-1939)
AN ATTEMPT TO-WARDS SOCIAL JUSTICE

By

Prof. P. RAMALAKSHMI
Nagarjuna University

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Published by: kkkotha2366 on May 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/08/2014

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VI·.
C3al·i~ipati~udl·ay}'a
Chouiderl
ENDOWMENTLECTURE3
ReformMovementinGoda~ariDistrict:(1878-1939)AnAttemptTo-WardsSocialJustice
BY.
Prof.
Smt.P.
RAMALAKSHMI
NAGARJUNAUNIVERSITY.
15thDec.'95
RAMACHANDRAPU~AM.E.G.
 
REFORJI
~IOVE~IENT
INGonA.VARI
DISTRICT-(J378-1959)
ANATTE~IPTT'VARDSSOCIALJUSTICE
Pro!.
(Smt.)
P.Ramolakshmi,
NagarjunaUntverslty,INTRODUCTION:
Among
all
theSoda-religiousreterrnmovementsinlnd\'8,
erahmo-Samaj
wastheoldest.
Itcombined
in
itselfthereform
of
both
religious
practicesandsocialcustoms.Theradical
'I)Ji-tradit,ional
approach
that
Brahmo
Same]
preachedfound
a
ready
responsein
Coastal
Andhra.Therewasanattempt
C)f
BrahmaHaidu,
to
break
thecastebarriersthroughpoputarisingVaishnsvifSmin12thcenturyA.D.inaremotecornerofAndhra,
PalnCldu.
Butthisendedinvain.Againthepoet-philosopherVemanaexposedthecontemporarypractices
in
'gentle~ironyandsubtlehumour',understandableeventothe
people
ofmini-mumeducationBothofthem
attacked
social
inequalities.
But
with
r~g€Jrdto
women.
theirideaswerenobetterthanthe
can..
ventlonalHinduviews.
NET-WORKOFSAMAJAS:
Theappealof
Brahmo-Sama]
for
re1.igious
reformand
so-
cial
action
reachedAndhra.
The
schools
and
colleges
becamethenervecentres
of
reform
actlvitv.
BrahmopersonalitieslikeRaja
Rama
Mohan
Roy,
OevendranathaTagore,KesavChandra,Sen.Rlbindranathalagore,HemachandraSarkar.Mazumdar,
SitanadhaTettwabhushen.Bipin
Chandrapalbeganappealingtothe
educated
Andhras
A
network
of
Samajassprang
up
in
Andhra
'0
promote
the
Brahmo-idealswiththeintentionthat
it
was"a
synthesis
ofthe
doctrines
oftheEuropean
enllqhten-
ment
w-ith
the
philosophica,
viewsof
theUpanishads".
The
earliest'rarthanaSarna]
in
Andhra
was
establishedin
1878
by
Veete,alingam
in
his
ownhcuseat
Rajahmandry-
Pan-
ditSivan!tdhaSastrivisitedRajahmundrvoncein1181andagainin1890forpropagation
of
Brahmoiam.
The
prayers
em.
 
phaslsedtheonenessofGodwhilethemeetingsfocussedonthe
needfor
reform.Thesewere
attendsd
by
students,
Vijeyawada
PrarthanaSamajwas
established
in
1880
byBethapudiJogi
uryaPrakasaRao.AtMachilipatnam,Samajwas
established
n'9-2-1882.StudentsfromAndhra
-Jateeva
KalasalawereIsotakinginterestin
it.
NextinimportancewasthePrartha-
a
SamajatKakinada.
It
was
founded
in
1888
with
15
mam-:
ers.TheholdingofTheisticconferenceatKakinadain
1SES
Iso
addedto
the
spread
ofBrahmaSamaj.Between
190'.04,
')rahmaPracharaksvisitedKakinada.
Themost
promirentwereriV.R.ShindefromBombayandHemaChandraSarkarfrom
alcutta.
.
Theyear
1901
provedto
be
a
turning
point
inthehistory
f
thisSamaj.
"aoSurvaRao
returnedfromNEwington
an~
becametheRajaofPithapur.VenkataRatnamNaiduwascho-senastheprincipalofPithapurRaja'scollegeatKaklnadaandhence,heshiftedfromSecunderabad.Veeresalingaminthatyear,returned
from
MadrastoRajahmundry.
So,withthe
re-
t
rnofthesethreepersonatitiestoAndhra,thereformzeal'manifesteditself;namovementwithawidenedbase.TheleadershipofVenkataratnam
Naidu,
coupledwiththepatronegeofpithapurRajatransferredKakinadaintoasecond
Calcutta.
,,910,
atthetimeofBabuHemchandraSarkar'svisittoKaki-nada,thenameofPrarthsnaSamaj
waschanged
toBrahmtarna],Theyear1917provedtobeanother
significant
ve
DevulapalliVenkataKrishna
SastlY,PeddadaRamaswamy,
dipati
Venkata
C
halamandMokkapatiRamamurthijoined5majWiththebuildingoftheorphanageand
Up.sana
Mandlr
t
ere
was
consistentactivity
of
the
SarTIsj.
Itsinherent-_._-gthwasrevealedwhen
it
questionedtheproprietyof
.at..
ratnem's
actioninjoiningthe
Justice
party.An
8OJD.1I'4I
December4.1917wassigned
by
17membersofKak·~......pOintingoutthathejoined
8
narrower
crgani2I
i
fIQ."1I.
csteandrequestedhimtorecensiderhisd1nedameetingandtriedtoconvinceinvain
the
t
athe
lolned
it
8S
the
party
stood
fOl
80cl
I
JUSIHRt

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An excellent account on the reform movement in the Godavari districts;
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