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Temperature Measurement Of Dynamic Object

Temperature Measurement Of Dynamic Object

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Published by ijcsis
Temperature is one of the most commonly measured and controlled parameters in industry. Proper monitoring and control of process temperature improves product quality, reduces product scrap, and improves overall product yield and process speed. Every industry in today’s competitive marketplace is putting in place programs and systems to lower production costs, through automated production and quality control systems. To measure temperature of dynamic object most of the industries are using telemetry technique for temperature measurement. This technique has certain limitations like; limited range of temperature, surface of dynamic objects, battery life and safety factor. In this paper an attempt is made to overcome this limitations using infrared thermometry. This system is tested on Zamak Mould Machine & Volkswagen Welding Machine in Tata Ficosa Company, Pune. It is nondestructive measurement method so no damage to product and no breakage due to contact with moving objects.
Temperature is one of the most commonly measured and controlled parameters in industry. Proper monitoring and control of process temperature improves product quality, reduces product scrap, and improves overall product yield and process speed. Every industry in today’s competitive marketplace is putting in place programs and systems to lower production costs, through automated production and quality control systems. To measure temperature of dynamic object most of the industries are using telemetry technique for temperature measurement. This technique has certain limitations like; limited range of temperature, surface of dynamic objects, battery life and safety factor. In this paper an attempt is made to overcome this limitations using infrared thermometry. This system is tested on Zamak Mould Machine & Volkswagen Welding Machine in Tata Ficosa Company, Pune. It is nondestructive measurement method so no damage to product and no breakage due to contact with moving objects.

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Published by: ijcsis on May 11, 2011
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TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT OF  DYNAMIC OBJECT 
Varsha Khare
 Shivajirao S. Jondhle Polytechnic, Asangaon Maharashtra India
 geetaharshu@gmail.com
 
Mrs. Rodge M.P
.
 
 Shivajirao S. Jondhle College of Engg & Tech. Asangaon, Maharashtra India
vjtsscoe@rediffmail.com
 
Abstract:
Temperature is one of the most commonly measured andcontrolled parameters in industry. Proper monitoring andcontrol of process temperature improves product quality,reduces product scrap, and improves overall productyield and process speed. Every industry in today’scompetitive marketplace is putting in place programs andsystems to lower production costs, through automatedproduction and quality control systems. To measuretemperature of dynamic object most of the industries areusing telemetry technique for temperature measurement.This technique has certain limitations like; limited rangeof temperature, surface of dynamic objects, battery lifeand safety factor. In this paper an attempt is made toovercome this limitations using infrared thermometry.This system is tested on Zamak Mould Machine &Volkswagen Welding Machine in Tata Ficosa Company,Pune. It is nondestructive
measurement method so nodamage to
product and no breakage due to contact withmoving objects.
 Keywords: Infrared Sensor, Microcontroller,
 
 Zamak  Mould Machine & Volkswagen Welding Machine
I.
 
INTRODUCTION
In industry there are many cases when we want tomeasure the various parameters of dynamic objects liketemperature, vibration etc.; it is the need in industry asit affects life, reliability of machine. Many a time’ssafety factor is also involved. Temperaturemeasurement is required for many applications such asengine shaft, machine shafts, pumps, generator etc. Itimproves product quality, reduces product scrap, andimproves overall product yield and process speed.Most of the industries are using telemetry technique for temperature measurement. In this technique miniature battery with sensor and RF transmitter is situated ondynamic object & it transmits temperature data tostationary receiver located nearby where it is measured& indicated. This has certain limitations given as below.
 
Surface of dynamic object may not besuitable. For example oil leakage on thesurface i.e. high cleaning and maintenancerequired.
 
Range of temperature.
 
Battery life.An attempt is made to overcome these difficulties byusing infrared temperature system. This technique hasno battery, no contact to surface of the dynamic object. Non-contact infrared temperature systems provideaccurate reliable and cost effective temperaturemeasurements at process critical control points. Thistechnique comes under wireless infrared telemetry.This measuring technique uses the properties of infra-red (IR) light waves to determine a target’stemperature. By employing an infrared detector, thesensor detects the amount of thermal energy emittedfrom a target as IR light.
 
There is known relationship between the amount of infrared relation emitted
 
 by anobject and the object surface temperature.
II.
 
EXPLANATION:
The Block diagram of the system is given in fig.-1.Dynamic object may be linear or rotary moving object,such as products on conveyor belts of which
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2011118http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
temperature is to be measured. Infrared sensor sensesthe rays transmitted by dynamic object and generatesequivalent analog output. This sensor detects onlyspecific IR wavelength. So, other sources of IR light,such as, the sun, will not interfere with themeasurement. It calibrates the IR t/c (thermo couple) to provide a linear output signal similar to a specificthermocouple type over a specified temperature range.Thermopile sensor with lense system provides filteringand focusing and gives variable output in mV. Buffer isused for isolation and to avoid loading to the sensor.Power supply provides the necessary voltage to allcircuits. Buzzer is provided to indicate the limit i.e.alarm signal when a temperature reaches a critical highor low point.Gain amplifier changes the output in the range of 0 to 5volts with the resolution of 0.019 volt and adjusts gainto match ADC input to 89c51 microcontroller. The89c51 is a low power, high performance CMOS 8 bitmicrocomputer with 4KB bytes of flash programmableand erasable read only memory (PEROM). The Flashmemory allows the program to be reprogrammed in-system or by a nonvolatile memory programmer. Bycombining a versatile 8 bit CPU with on a monolithicchip, the Atmel AT89c51 is a powerful microcomputer which provides a highly flexible and cost effectivesolution to many embedded control applications. So itis used worldwide. Microcontroller output to LCDASCII data for display and to RS232 converter to PC.
The major features of IR t/c temperature sensors:
 
Highly repeatable
 
 Non-contact measurement method
 
Self-powered no excitation needed
 
Emulates a t/c within a specific temperaturerange with 2%
 
Smart IRt/c’s linearize over wide temperatureranges with superb accuracy.
 
Multiple output options available
 
Factory calibrated to real world operationconditions
 
Small size, simple, rugged and intrinsicallysafe
 
Easy installation - Fast response time
 
Interchangeability ±1% cost effective
 Advantages:
 
 Nondestructive method so no damage to the product.
 
less cleaning and maintenance required due tonon-contact method
 
 No breakage due to contact with movingobject
 
Fast thermal response time.
 
Wide temperature range
 
Highly accurate data by measuring actual product temperature, not the sensor’sTemperature
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2011119http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
 
Fig. 2 FLOW CHART
EXPERIMENTATIONFlow chart is given in fig. 2.Case - 1
The system is tested the temperature on Zamak MouldMachine in Tata Ficosa Company, Pune whose basicset up is shown in above fig.3. The pump motor whichis circulating water should not burn due to dry run or heat transfer by liquid. Temperature of pump shouldnot increase otherwise it will burn itself.Our sensor senses the shaft temperature directly.Sensor reading is noted as indicated temperature and itis seen that present readings are on +2 more rangethan the actual one which is acceptable as it is below5% of span which is required for present application.Graph 1 shows better accuracy between actual andmeasured temperature which is given in table 1.
Fig. 3 Schematic Setup For Colling Zamak Mould Machine
Table 1
 
Actual Temp MeasuredTemp30 3235 3640 4145 4750 5255 5660 6265 6670 7175 77DISABLE INTERRUPT &INITIALISE STACKSET DELAY &INITIALISED LCDSET CHANNEL ADDRESS FORADC &START CONVERSIONREAD DATA &CONVERT IT INTO DECIMALDISPLAY DECIMAL DATACONVERSION END?STARTJOBPUMPMOTORTANK
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2011120http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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