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WASH Tech the News - March 2011

WASH Tech the News - March 2011

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Published by: Acción Contra el Hambre on May 11, 2011
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 ©ACF International
 
1
 
WASH ISSUE N°5 MARCH 2011
EDITO
ACF AND THE HUMANITARIANREFORM (Souleymane Sow, RapidResponse Team ACF – France)
Five years! This is the time elapsed sincethe roll-out of the UN-led humanitarianreform as the new software forhumanitarian crisis prepardness andresponse. It is moulded around (i)improving humanitarian leadershipthrough the reform HumanitarianCoordinators system, (ii) bettercoordination of humanitarian actions viathe cluster approach, (iii) faster, morepredictable and equitable humanitarianfunding, and (iv) more effectivepartnerships among humanitarianactors based on the principles adoptedby the Global Humanitarian Platform.Aimed at addressing gaps in intra andinter sector coordination, being theinterface with end-beneficiaries and themechanism via which aid reaches them,the cluster approach acts as theoperational branch of the reform.Five years! This is also the time ACF hasbeen on-board this reform. As we moveforward, it is appropriate, from time totime, to look back and inventory ourinvolvement (not to say our timeinvestment) in this reform. Hence:
A posintionning paper vis-à-vis thereform was issued in January 2007, thenrevised and published in Jnauray 2010
A working group on the reformestablished in September 2010 in ACFFrance. This group (still active) whichincludes Technical, Logistic andOperations directors meet about 3-4times per year to examine the evolutionof the reform and advise on strategicactions to be taken by ACF
ACF France (which is now a memberof the strategic advisory group-SAG) andACF UK took active membership in theGlobal WASH Cluster since the onset in2006, leading on several projects andinitiatives such as (i) the Global WASHCluster Startegy 2011-2013, (ii) thelearning project, (iii) the human Right towater and sanitation in emergenciesproject. Furthermore ACf France activelysupported (taking a membership in thesterring group) several other projectssuch as (i) the WASH cluster coordinatorhandbook, the hygiene promotionproject and the stockpile project
ACF-spain is an active member of theregional Latin America and carabianWASH cluster since its inception
The translation of ACF WASH book inSpanish benefited support from regionalcluster funds
3 ACF France HQ staff benefited theWASH Cluster Coordinator training in2008 and 2010
Concerned ACF France HQ staff benefited in training from OCHA Genevaon the overall finance pilar of thereform
ACF took membership in thehumanitarian country team (HCT) inHaiti. As a mater of note, the HCT is
 
chaired by the humanitarian coordinatorand includes country directors of UNagencies, IOM, the Red Cross movementand NGO family.
In the perspective of the roll-out of the Global WASH cluster strategy 2011-2013, discussions are underway aboutextending in time and expanding inpositions and number of WASH clusteragencies involved, the RRT project and amore regional approach.Likewise, initiatives are ongoing aboutestablishing 6 NGos hosted regionalcluster advisors based in the 6 UNregions to both strengthen regionalclusters and support countriesemergency prepardness and response.ACF France is offering to host theposition to be based in Dakar whichcovers the West and Central Africacountries.In the light of the above, ACF has beenplaying a pro-active, increasing,objective and acknowledged role in thehumanitarian reform process in generaland in the cluster approach in particular.While this new busness model/softwarehas been used in about 40 countriessince 2006, it is yet at developing stageas many grey areas and challengesremain on how it operates in certaincontexts (Ivory Coast today).Notwithstanding, the variousevaluations conducted since 2006 seemto point out that this model, in its spiritand concept, is beter than what we hadbefore.
 
 
 ©ACF International
 
2
 
WASH ISSUE N°5 MARCH 2011
This Newsletter was prepared in Madrid with the participation of all headquarters and missions.Thanks to all for your contributions.
NEWS FROM THE HEADUARTERS
 
Madrid
WASH advisor José Luis Diago started in October 2010 replacingJean Christophe Barbiche, his is the referent for the samemissions, Central América, Paraguay- Bolivia, Perú, Colombia-Ecuador, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Guinea Conakry. He hasworked previously with ACF-F in Afghanistan and with ACF-S inGuatemala and Perú. Pablo Alcalde, is the Head of the WASHdepartment and following Occupied Palestinian Territories,Philippines, South Caucasus, Lebanon, Syria and Lybian crisis.Disaster Risk Prevention advisor position will be opened in June2011.
New York
Recruitment is ongoing for a second permanent WASH advisor tobe based in the New York office. The new advisor is expected tostart in June 2011.WASH advisor Nick Radin continues to follow WASH in DRC,South Sudan, and Pakistan; and in addition will follow WASH inthe newly opened Nigeria mission. Youcef Hammache continuesto combine WASH duties with his desk officer responsibilities inUganda and Kenya.
Paris
ACF –France will coordinate the Pirority for Action 1-4 (protectpopulations and economies from risk, respond to crisis) in theWorld Water Forum 2011. Julien Eyrard is extended all over2011 on this position plus support sanitation projects.Souleymane Sow is extended as a Rapid Response Team up toJuly 2011, for the moment.Julie Aubriot will finalise her PhD on “civil society and right towater, South Africa” on September 2011.
 
NEWS FROM THE HEADQUARTERS 2
 
DID YOU KNOW...? 3
 
QUESTIONS ASKED TO 4
 
ZOOM ON A PROJECT 5
 
RESEARCH AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT 7
 
WHAT HAPPENED? Publications, surveys, reports, meetings, fora… 9
 
WHAT’S NEXT? Publications, surveys, reports, meetings, fora… 10
 
WHAT CAN YOU FIND IN THE PREVIOUS & NEXT NEWSLETTERS? 12
CONTENTS
 
 
 
 ©ACF International
 
3
 
WASH ISSUE N°5 MARCH 2011
ACF is using the CLTS approach: A field account from Solomon Teh – Community Development Supervisor – Liberia
On 26th June 2009, the ACF team carried a meeting with children and adults in a community in Lofa County of Liberia. A map of the villagewas drawn on the ground, with the help of the ACF facilitator. Each family indicated their houses and preferred location for opendefecation (using sawdust to indicate the place on the map). A transect walk then took place with the villagers. Some of the faeces werecollected and brought back to the town. The ACF team calculated the amount of faeces produced by the community, and congratulatedthem on the amount! Then the collected samples were placed near a bottle of water. Of course, no one wanted to drink it! At this point,people were already ashamed and embarrassed of their practices. This feeling was only increased when the children started saying “papa,mama, we tired eating popoo”.A few weeks later latrine structures were erected. Unfortunately, most of them collapsed after a month (rains, poor quality constructionand insects). The challenge is now to move from the successful ignition phase to more durable latrine. Creating a market for low cost butrobust sanitation solutions is on its way!
Pakistan Emergency Update
Flooding due to unusually heavy rains initially hit Northern Pakistan in July 2010, and the Indus river gradually carried the flooding southover the next month. ACF-USA responded in both Northern Pakistan (Lower Dir, Nowshera and Chasaddah districts of KPK province), andin Southern Pakistan (Thatta distrct, Sindh province). Official estimates are that 20.2 million people have been affected by the floods, 7million are in need of emergency shelter and 1.9 million homes have been damaged or destroyed.The ACF WASH response was to provide hygiene kits to the displaced families, to provide water trucking to IDP camps, and to ensurecamp sanitation through implementation of latrines and showers as well as chlorine spraying and solid waste pits. Outside of the camps,activities involved restoration of water points through disinfection and repair as well as environmental cleaning campaigns that includedremoval of debris, removal of animal cadavers, unblocking of drainage channels and removal of pooled water. All activities wereunderpinned with hygiene promotion activities. ACF-USA compiled outputs from the flood response activities are shown in the tablebelow:
Activity Number Achieved Number of beneficiaries
Hygiene kit distribution 17,408 kits 121,856Water trucking 60,722 m
3
distributed 157 731Latrines implemented 755 latrines 35 285Water points restored 146 water points 21049Environmental cleaning campaigns 19 campaigns 70,162
In some areas the flood response only lasted one month, and in other areas such as Thatta district, Sindh, it is still ongoing as floodwatersup to 2m deep still remain in some locations. However the focus has now principally shifted to early recovery where interventions focuson restoring WASH services and facilities in flood affected villages in order to facilitate the return process. The subsequent phase of programming will most likely focus on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) which will ensure that communities are made more resilientagainst future disasters.
DIS YOU KNOW ?
 

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