A Multi-Criteria Decision Model for EOL Computersin Reverse Logistics
K.ArunVasantha Geethan Dr.S.Jose
Department of Mechanical Engineering Loyola-ICAM College of Engineering &Sathyabama University, Chennai. India Technology ,Chennai. India
R.Devisree S.Godwin Barnabas
Cognizant Technology Solutions St.Joseph’s College of EngineeringChennai. India Chennai. India.
With obsolescence rates on the rise the question as towhat the user ultimately does with the end-of-life (EOL) productbecomes an issue that has both environmental and economicimplication. An important concern in EOL management forelectronic products is to connect the equipment owners withpotential buyers who may be interested in their EOL items,whether for reuse, component retrieval or material recovery.
There is an estimate that the total obsolete computers originatingfrom government offices, business houses, industries andhousehold is of the order of 2.5 million numbers per year.Manufacturers and assemblers in a single calendar year areestimated to produce around 1500 tons of electronic scrap. Oneof the important problems faced by the top management in thecomputer hardware industries is the evaluation of variousalternatives for EOL computers. The paper aims at linking thevarious issues of the reverse logistics in a single systematicframework for the selection of an alternative for the reverselogistics operations for EOL computers. The utility of theAnalytic network process (ANP) in integrating both quantitativeas well as the qualitative characteristics and using C++ as theplatform for arriving at the best possible solution proves to bemore realistic and accurate.
end-of-life, obsolescence, analytic network program,alternatives, reverse logistics.
Reverse logistics is the process of planning, implementing andcontrolling the efficient, cost effective low of raw materials,in-process inventory, finished goods and related informationfrom the point of consumption to the point of origin for thepurpose of recapturing value or proper disposal . A reverselogistics defines a supply chain that is redesigned to efficientlymanage the flow of products or parts destined forremanufacturing, recycling, or disposal and to effectivelyutilize resource. According to a recent study, reverse logisticsis one of the twenty one top warehousing trends in the twentyfirst century (Brockmann,1999). Industries have started torealize that the reverse logistics can be used to gaincompetitive advantage. An evaluation framework, whichincorporates determinants and dimensions of reverse logistics,would be useful in configuring the post activities associatedwith the EOL computers. There are number of variablesaffecting the reverse logistics, some of these areinterdependent among each other.Analytic Network Process (ANP) is a technique that capturesthe interdependencies between the criteria underconsideration, hence allowing for a more systematic analysis. It can allow inclusion of criteria, both tangible andintangible, which has some bearing on making the bestdecision. Further, many of these factors have some level of interdependency among them, thus making ANP modelingbetter fit for the problem under study. The ANP modelpresented in this paper structures the problem related toselection of an alternative for the reverse logistics option forEOL computers in a hierarchical form and links thedeterminants, dimensions and enablers of reverse logisticswith different alternatives.II. L
Stock (1992) recognized the field of reverse logistics as beingrelevant for business and society in general. Kopicki, Berg,Legg, Dasappa, and Maggioni (1993) paid attention to thefield and pointed out opportunities on reuse and recycling.Fleischmann, Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Dekker, van der Laan, vanNunen, and Van Wassenhove (1997) had given acomprehensive review of literature of the quantitative modelsin reverse logistics. Reverse logistics programs in addition tothe various environmental and the cost benefits canproactively minimize the threat of government regulation andcan improve the corporate image of the companies (Carter &Ellram, 1998). Reverse logistics is the process of planning,implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost effective flowof raw materials, in-process inventory, finished goods andrelated information from the point of consumption to the pointof origin for the purpose of recapturing value or properdisposal (Rogers & Tibben-Lembke, 1998). A reverse logisticsdefines a supply chain that is redesigned to efficiently managethe flow of products or parts destined for remanufacturing,recycling, or disposal and to effectively utilize resources(Dowlatshahi, 2000).
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2011157http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500