Implementation of Direct Processor Access inTransient Nodes
P. S. BALAMURUGAN, K.THANUSHKODI,
Research Scholar , Director ,
Anna University of Technology, Akshaya College of Engineering and Technology,Coimbatore . Coimbatore.
Wireless sensor networks faces a number of challenges; a wireless sensor network which includes a numberof sensor nodes must provide reliability and fault toleranceagainst a number of odds such as scalability, hardware,environmental conditions, power and energy factors. In thispaper, we address these two issues of Reliability and FaultTolerance using mirror nodes. We demonstrate that increasedreliability can be achieved by using mirror nodes and the costscould be maintained by implementing the Direct ProcessorAccess(DPA). Experimental results on the benchmarks data setshow that our proposed system based on Direct ProcessorAccess outperforms the other well-known methods such as theDistributed Deviation Detection, Distributed anomalydetection, Intrusion detection for routing attacks, Statistical enroute filtering and Abnormal Relationship Tests(ART). Theimprovement in performance using DPA is very high,particularly, for the graphical and network processes (6.8percent improvement). Statistical Tests also demonstratehigher fault tolerance and improvement in performance forour method. Finally, we show that our system is robust and isable to handle faulty sensor nodes without compromisingperformance.
Wireless Sensor Networks,;Faulty Sensor Nodes;Fault Tolerance; Direct Processor Access ;Mirror Nodes
I. INTRODUCTIONA wireless sensor network (WSN) is a collection of nodesorganized in a network where each node consists of one ormore microcontrollers, CPU’s or DSP chips, a memory anda RF transceiver, a power source such as battery. It alsoaccommodates various sensors and actuators. The nodescommunicate without wire (wireless) and often organizeitself after being deployed in an ad hoc fashion . Theintrinsic properties of individual sensor nodes poseadditional challenges to the communication protocols interms of energy consumption.The reliability or fault tolerance is yet anotherissue. Some sensor nodes may fail or be blocked due to lack of power, physical damage or environmental interference.The failure of sensor nodes should not affect the overall task of the sensor network.
A. Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks
In monitoring sensor networks, data coming from variousstreams of the sensor nodes have to be examineddynamically and combined into normal patterns in order todetect potential anomalies. Due to the requirement for thesupport of mission critical applications in many cases, thesensors must possess mechanisms for securingcommunications and for validating the collected data.Several attack scenarios that exploit the weaknesses of WSNs has been identified and the scale of deployments of WSNs requires careful decisions and tradeoffs amongvarious security measures. These issues are taken intoconsideration and mechanisms to achieve a higher level of security and reliability has been proposed in these networks.II. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK WITH MIRRORNODESIn this investigation, we assign a mirror node for eachmaster node. At a time only a single node will be activated,either master node or mirror node. The mirror node will bein active state only in the absence of the master node.Whenever master node is identified as faulty node, theprimary node will activate the mirror node and isolate themaster node from the sensor network. This process helps toimprove the availability of the sensor networks duringthreats and disaster and its performance is shown in Fig 1.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2011162http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500