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NASA Evapotranspiration and HAARP

NASA Evapotranspiration and HAARP

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Published by: 'Antoinette Capasso-Backdahl on May 11, 2011
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EE7.
5.
1
0.
0
5.5
APPLICATIONS
OF
SKYLAB
EREP
PHOTOGRAPHSTO
MAPPING
OF
LANDFORMS
AND
ENVIROMENTAL
GEOLOGY
IN
THE
GREAT
PLAINS
AND
MIDWEST
(EREP
NO.
491;
NASA
Contract
No.
T-4647-B)
Roger
B.
Morrison
(Principal
Investigator)
-'.Made.available
u
der
NASA
sponsorship
:U.S.
Geological
Survey
in
the
iret
of
orshp
semination
of
Earth
Rsurces
Survey
ederal
Center
Program,
iniornaon
esources
Survey
a
normation
afid
witbout
liability
for
any
use
madr
h~reoL"
Denver,
Colorado80225
'(E75-10055)
APPLICATIONS
OF
SKYLAB
EREP
N75-13355
PHOTOGRAPHS
TO
MAPPING
OF
LANDFORMS
AND
ENVIRONMENTAL
GEOLOGY
IN
THE
GREAT
PLAINS
!AND
MIDWEST
Progress
Report,
(Geological
Unclas
tSurvey)
32
p
HC
$3.75
CSCL
08B
G3/4300055
1
July
1974
Progress
reportfor
period
January
1
-
June
30,
1974
NASATechnicalMonitors:
MartinMiller
and
David
AmsburyEREP
InvestigationsOffice,Code
TE
NASA
L.B.
Johnson
SpaceCenter
Houston,Texas
.77058
 
Si'A'DAD
TITLE
PCE
1.
Report
No.
,1l3/
Reci;ien:'s
C3ta-i1
To.-
FOR
TECWEiCAL
REPO"TS
4.
5.
Report
Date
Applications
of
Skylab
EREP
photographs
to
mapping
.of
landforms
1
July
1974
and
environmentalgeology
intheGreat
Plains
and
Midwest
6.
Performing
Crganization
Cede
Roger
B.
Morrison
6.
erforming
Oreanization
Rept.
No.
Roger
B.
Morrison
SPlormin
t
rganization
Name
and
Address
10.
ProjecVTask
Work
Unit
No.
U.
S.
GeologicalSurvey
EPN
491
Task
303
ederal
Center
N11.
ontracyGran
No.
Denver,
Colorado
80225
ST-4647-B
2.
Sponsoring
Agenc)y
Name
and
Address
13.
Type
ofReport
&
Periol
Covered
Martin
Miller
and
David
Amsbury
Progress
report
EREP
InvestigationOffice,CodeTE
Jan.
1
-
June
30
1974
NASA
L.
B.
JohnsonSpace
Center
14.
Sponsoring
Agency
Code
Houston,
Texas77058
,3.
upplementaryNotes
16.
Abstracts
Coverage
with
lessthan
30%o
clouds
by
Skylab
2
and
3
S-190A
multispectralphotos
inthe
project
area--thestates
of
Illinois,Iowa,Kansas,
Missouri,Nebraska,
and
Sodth
Dakota--totals
about568,000
sq
km.
The
utility
ofthesephotos
for
environmental-Eeologic/geomorphicapplications
is
beingtested
by
usingthem
to
prepare
1:
2
50,000-scale
maps
ofgeomorphicfeatures,surficial
geology,geologiclinearfeatures,
and
soil
associations
of
large,
representativeparts
oftheGreatPlainsand
Midwest.
Parts
of
Nebraska,
Iowa,
Missouri,
and
South
Dakotaweremapped
during
the
reportingperiod.
The
maps
areprepared
primarily
by
interpretation
oftheS-190A
photos,supplemented
by
information
fromtopographic,geologic,
and
soil
maps
and
reports.
Thecolor
bandprovides
the
greatest
information
on
geology,
soils,andgeomorphology;
its
resolutionalso
is
the
best
ofall
the
multispectralbands
and
permits
maximum
detail
of
mapping.
The
color-IR
band
shows
well
the
differences
in
soildrainageand
moisture,
and
vegetativetypes,
buthas
onlymoderateresolution.TheB/W-red
band
is
superiorfor
topographic-detail
and
streamalinements.The
B/W-infraredbands
bestshow
differences
in
soil
moisture
and
drainage
but
have
poorresolution,especially
those
from
SL
2.
The
B/W-greenbandgenerally
is
so
low
contrast
and
degraded
by
haze
asto
be
nearly
useless.
Where
the
photosprovide
stereoscopiccoverage,
interpretation
and
mapping
are
done
mostefficiently
ina
single
operationusing
a
Kern
PG-2
stereoplotter.
17.Key
Words
and
Document
Analysis.
(a).
Descriptors
Quaternarygeology
and
geomorphology;
environmental
geology;
landform
analysis;
glacial
geology;
soilsurvey;
regionalland-useplanning
18.
Distributlon
St.atenient
19.Security
Class(This
Report)
21.
INo.
of
Pa.es
UNCLASSIFIED
20
.ccurity
Class.Trius
Page)
2.
Price
UNCLASSIFIEO
OIfM
NnS-OG7(1-70
 
Status
summary
Coverage
with
lessthan
30%
clouds
by
Skylab
2
and
3
S-190Amultispectral
photosin
the
project
area--thestates
of
Illinois,Iowa,
Kansas,
Missouri,
Nebraska,
and
South Dakota--totalsabout
568,000
sq
km.
The
utility
of thesephotosfor
environmental-geologic/geomorphic
applications
is
being
tested
by
using them
to
prepare1:250,000-scalemaps
of geomorphic
features,
surficial
geology,
geologic
linearfeatures,
and
soil associations
of
large,
representative
partsof the
Great Plains
and
Midwest.
Parts
of
Nebraska,
Iowa,
Missouri,
and
South
Dakotaweremapped
duringthe
reportingperiod.
The
maps
are
preparedprimarily
by
interpretation
of
theS-190Aphotos,
supplemented
by
information
from
topographic,
geologic,
and
soil
maps
and
reports.The
colorbandprovides
the
greatestinformation
on
geology,
soils,
and
geomorphology;
its
resolution
also
is
thebest
of
all
the
multispectralbands
and
permits
maximum
detail
of
mapping.
The
color-IR
band
shows
well
the
differences
in
soil
drainage
and
moisture,
and
vegetative
types,
but
has
onlymoderateresolution.
The
B/W-red
band
is
superiorfortopographic
detail
and
streamalignments.The
B/W-infraredbandsbest
show
differences
in
soil
moisture
and
drainage
but
have
poor resolution,especially
those
from
SL
2.
The
B/W-green
band
generally
is
so
low
contrast
and
0egraded
by
haze
as
to
benearly
useless.Where
the
photosprovide
stereoscopic
coverage,interpretation
and
mapping
are
done
most
efficiently
in
a
single
operation
using
a
Kern
PG-2
stereaplotter.
Accomplishments
This
projectreceived
severe
setbacks
because
of
two
successive
resignations
of
the
PI's(principalinvestigator)
associate;
the
first
resigned
in
February,
and thesecond
in
May.
Twiceit
was necessary
to
findand
trainreplacements.
Nevertheless,
the
followingaccomplishments
canbereported:
(1)
We
received
the
following
SL (Skylab)
2
and
3
photographs,
mostly
in
duplicate,of
the
six-state
project
area:
a.
Transparency
copies
ofthe six
bands
from
the
S-190A
multispectral
cameraarray,
in
70-mm
format.
b.
Transparency
copiesof
the
S-190B
earth-terraincamera
5-inchcolor
photographs.
c.
Transparency4Xenlargements
of all
bandsof
the
S-190Aphotos.
d.
Transparency2Xenlargements
of
the
S-190B
photos
from
SL
2,
but
nonefrom
SL
3.
e.
Colorprint
2X
enlargements
of SL
2
S-190B
photographsfromTrack
19.No
SL
4
photographswerereceivedduring
the
reportingperiod.However,we
receivedourfirstSL
4
photographsJuly
8.
They
are
fromS-190A,
in
70-rm
format.
In
addition,
we
receivedcolor
and
color-infrared
transparency
copiesof
9-inchformatairphotos
taken
November
28,1973,
on
Missions
260
and
261
by
a
WildRC-8
metriccameraaboard
a
WB-57aircraft.Mission260consisted
ofthreeeast-west
flight
linesand.prvidedcompletecoverage
of
the
northernhalf
ofthe
Omaha
and
northwestern
k/
the
Des
Moines
10
x
20
quadrangles,
Iowa-Nebraska.
Mission261
consistedalsoofthree
east-west
flightlinesthat.provided
partial
coverage
(bout
60%)
of
the
Moberly,KansasCity,
andeast
half
of
the
Manhattan
10
x
20
quadrangles,Missouri-Kansas.
1

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