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Court Cases

Court Cases

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Published by aocheath

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: aocheath on May 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/08/2013

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Significant Court Cases inSpecial Education
By Angelyn Cheatham
 
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Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
L
andmark decision by the United States Supreme Court
Case declared state laws that established ¶separate butequal· public schools for black and white students violated the Equal Protection clause of the 14
th
amendment and was deemed unconstitutional
Overturned Plessyv. Ferguson decision which allowedsuch state-sponsored segregation
Declared education as a right that must be available toall on equal terms.
Basis for future rulings that children with disabilitiescannot be excluded from school
 
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Pennsylvania Association for RetardedChildren (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1972)
T
he state of Pennsylvania did not have public educationforchildren with mental or physical impairments,leaving parents to acquire private education for theirchildren with handicapping conditions
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania issued a decree thatdemanded that education should be provided for allchildren, regardless of physical or mental handicap.
T
he federal Department of Education used this decreeto issue their federal mandate for education for all.
Set the stage for the national special education law

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