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NASA System Architecture Development for as Elf SustainingLunarColony(2000)69pp

NASA System Architecture Development for as Elf SustainingLunarColony(2000)69pp

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Published by pearsch
Requirements for building a Lunar Colony.
Requirements for building a Lunar Colony.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: pearsch on May 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/28/2012

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FINAL REPORT
on
SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT FOR ASELF-SUSTAINING LUNAR COLONY
Research Contract 07600-052 (Prime Contract NAS5-98051)OTC-GS-097-FR-2000-1
Prepared for:NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC)Universities Space Research Association (USRA)
30 November 2000
Dr. Douglas O'Handley, NIAC FellowOrbital Technologies CorporationSpace Center, 1212 Fourier DriveMadison, Wisconsin 53717608-827-5000www.orbitec.comEMAIL: dohphd@earthlink.net
 
ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION NASA INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED CONCEPTS
ii
FOREWORD
This document represents the Final Report on the Phase I study entitled “System ArchitectureDevelopment for a Self-Sustaining Lunar Colony.” This was a NIAC-Phase I study (ResearchGrant #07600-052) performed by Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC
TM
), in Madison,Wisconsin, for NASA and the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC), managed by theUniversities Space Research Association (USRA). The NIAC Program Director is Dr. RobertCassanova.ORBITEC wishes to acknowledge the excellent communications and initial conceptdevelopment by Dr. Niklas Jarvstrat. Dr. Douglas A. O'Handley, PI and author, wishes toacknowledge the significant interactions and excellent contributions of Mr. Robert Gustafson(Deputy PI), Dr. Eric E. Rice, Mr. Brant White, and Mr. Ronald Teeter. The other participants atthe workshop, namely Dr. Martin Chiaverini, Dan Gramer, Gerald Hanley, Dr. Jim Jordan,William Knuth, Dr. T. D. Lin, Matthew Malecki, Dr. Robert Morrow, C. C. (Pete) Priest, Dr.Leslie Gerstch, Dr. Richard Gerstch, Martin Harms, Michael O'Neal (NASA/KSC), Dr. MichaelDuke (LPI/CSM), Dr. Gerald Kulcinski (UW), Dr. Paul Spudis (LPI), John Hunt (USDA/FPL),and Dr. Ed McCullough (Boeing), all contributed to this study.For more information relating to this work, please contact:Dr. Douglas OHandleyDr. Robert CassanovaPrincipal InvestigatorNIAC DirectorOrbital Technologies CorporationNASA Institute for Advanced ConceptsSpace Center, 1212 Fourier Drive555A Fourteenth Street, N.W.Madison, Wisconsin 53717Atlanta, Georgia 30318608-827-5000404-347-9633Fax 608-827-5050Fax 404-347-9638Email: dohphd@earthlink.netEmail: bob.cassanova@niac.usra.edu
 
 
ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION NASA INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED CONCEPTS
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTSFOREWORD.................................................................................................................................iiTABLE OF CONTENTS.............................................................................................................iiiLIST OF FIGURES.....................................................................................................................ivLIST OF TABLES.......................................................................................................................iv1.0 BACKGROUND....................................................................................................................11.1 Levels of Autonomy for a Lunar Base........................................................................11.2 Functional Requirements of SSLC..............................................................................21.3 Role of ISRU in the SSLC.............................................................................................41.4 Previous Lunar Architectures.....................................................................................61.5 Other Previous Related Work....................................................................................102.0 ADVANCED CONCEPT DESCRIPTION.......................................................................123.0 STUDY RESULTS AND FINDINGS.................................................................................163.1 Develop Basic Requirements for Self-Sustaining Lunar Colony............................163.2 Define Minimum Earth-Supply Requirements........................................................203.2.1 Basic Life Support Needs of the SSLC..........................................................203.2.2 Minimum Earth-Supply Requirements........................................................223.3 Develop Examples of Lunar ISRU Production Activities and Products................233.3.1 Lunar Resources Available............................................................................243.3.2 Conceptual Design for ISRU Production Plant............................................283.3.3 Estimates of Lunar Regolith Requirements for ISRU Production.............313.4 Define the Preliminary System Architecture............................................................333.4.1 Location of the SSLC......................................................................................333.4.2 SSLC Crew Radiation Protection Considerations.......................................353.4.3 SSLC Elements and Layout...........................................................................363.4.4 SSLC Functional Architecture and System Options...................................403.4.5 Implementation Schedule for the SSLC Concept........................................463.5 Create Multidisciplinary Consortium of Contributors for Lunar Colony............484.0CONCLUSIONS.................................................................................................................52RECOMMENDATIONS............................................................................................................54APPENDIX A. BIBLIOGRAPHY..........................................................................................A-1APPENDIX B. WORKSHOP SUMMARY...........................................................................B-1

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