End Standards –
When length is expressed as the distancebetween centers of two flat parallel faces, it is called EndStandards. Slip Gauges, End Bars, Ends of micrometer Anvils.Characteristics of End Standards(i)Highly accurate and used for measurement of closedtolerances in precision engineering as well as standardlaboratories, tool rooms, inspection departments.(ii)They require more time for measurement and measure onlyone dimension.(iii)They wear at their measuring faces(iv)They are not subjected to parallax error.
Differentiate between Line and End Standards
Sl noCharacteristicsLine StandardEnd Standard
PrincipleLength is expressedas distancebetween 2 linesLength is expressedas distance between 2ends
Accuracy Ltd. To ±0.2mm.Highly accurate of closed tolerances to±0.001mm
EaseQuick and easyTime consuming andrequires skill
Effect of wearWear at only theendswear at measuringsurfaces
AllignmentCannot be easilyalignedeasily aligned
Costlow costhigh cost
Parallax EffectSubjected toparallax effectnot subjected toparallax effect
Slip Gauges are universally accepted end standards of Length inindustry. Also known as Johnson gauges. Slip gauges arerectangular blocks of high grade steel with close tolerances. Theyare hardened throughout to ensure maximum resistance to wear.For successful use of slip gauges their working faces are truly flatand parallel. Most slip gauges are made from constant alloy which isextremely hard and wear resistance.