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Physics.problem

Physics.problem

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Published by sid_senadheera

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: sid_senadheera on May 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2013

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A thesis presented in fulfillment of the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyinMechanical Engineering
Quantization in nanoparticles induced by
 
magnetic and gravitational fields
©
Sid Senadheera
 
 2
Abstract
Author: Sid D. Senadheera
Nanoparticles(NP) have attracted intensive interest in the nanotechnologyapplications due to their huge potential in medicine and new engineering materials.Several methods have been developed to generate nanoparticles in mass scale,among which laser ablation is desired because of simplicity in configuration andshort process time. Recently, femtosecond laser ablation has been investigated fornanoparticle generation and it was observed that the nanoparticle structuregenerated by femtosecond laser ablation presents unique characteristics, comparedto nanoparticles that are generated with conventional long pulse lasers.
Accordingto the current state of understanding in the work done in femtosecond laserablation hydrodynamics, there is no clear agreement between the theoretical
Quantization in nanoparticles induced by
 
magnetic and gravitational fields
 
 3
models and experimental results obtained from the production of nanoparticles and nanofibers.This thesis also gives an experimental approach to analyze thetheoretical derivations of the Raizer-Zeldovich theory (RZ theory) and look at the critical points where drastic changes or increments in the nucleation ratein the plume takes place. RZ theory is the most appropriate theory applicableto an expanding plume created by a femtosecond laser. In the experimentalresults a proof of the critical time limit deduced using the RZ theory toproduce nanofibers is equal to the time span taken to form nanofibers. Tokeep the nanofibers forming, energy from the femtosecond laser has to begiven to the sample at continuous intervals. A repetition frequency iscalculated using this time interval and compared with the formation of nanofibers at different repetition frequencies. For the theory to agree withexperimental results, the nanofiber formation repetition frequency has to beclose to the repetition frequency predicted by the RZ theory. A sharp increaseof vapor condensation occurs when there is an agreement of RZ theory andexperimental results.

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